Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients
| Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.
Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...
Development of the dog attachment insecurity screening inventory (D-AISI): a pilot study on a sample of female owners
| Contributor(s):: Riggio, G., Noom, M., Gazzano, A., Mariti, C.
To date, the Strange Situation Procedure is the only tool available to investigate the quality of the dog's attachment bond towards the owner. This study aimed to adapt a parent-report scale, named the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6-12, originally designed to assess 6-...
Relinquishing owners underestimate their dog's behavioral problems: deception or lack of knowledge?
| Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Duffy, D. L., Kruger, K. A., Watson, B., Serpell, J. A.
Undesirable behavior is a leading cause of canine relinquishment. Relinquishing owners could provide valuable information about their dog's behavior, although the reliability of their reports has been questioned by the sheltering community. This study aimed to investigate (a) whether...
Feasibility and reliability of the AWIN welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats in semi-extensive farming conditions
| Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Renna, M., Giammarino, M., Battaglini, L., Mattiello, S.
The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of the Animal Welfare Indicators (AWIN) protocol for welfare assessment of dairy goats when applied to semi-extensive farming conditions. We recruited 13 farms located in the NW Italian Alps where three assessors individually and...
Volunteers' demographics that affect the human-dog interaction during walks in a shelter
| Contributor(s):: Shih, H. Y., Paterson, M. B. A., Pachana, N. A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Different people relate to dogs in different ways. We investigated differences between volunteers in their behavioural interactions with shelter dogs when they were walked on a leash. Cameras were used to record and quantify the behaviour of volunteers and a leash tension metre was used to...
Coping with human-cat interactions beyond the limits of domesticity: moral pluralism in the management of cats and wildlife
| Contributor(s):: Wandesforde-Smith, G., Levy, J. K., Lynn, W., Rand, J., Riley, S., Schaffner, J. E., Wolf, P. J.
Although human interactions with cats are often even typically analyzed in the context of domesticity, with a focus on what sorts of interactions might make both people and cats "happy at home," a large number of cats in the world live, for one reason or another, beyond the bounds of...
The urinary hormonal state of cats associated with social interaction with humans
| Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, T., Ohta, M., Uchiyama, H.
Research to assess the relationship between cats and humans is in a nascent stage. Some studies have assessed the stress status in cats using physiological indicators, such as the cortisol hormone, but have not focused on the social interaction with humans. Moreover, the role of oxytocin...
Exploring the relationship between human social deprivation and animal surrender to shelters in British Columbia, Canada
| Contributor(s):: Ly, L. H., Gordon, E., Protopopova, A.
Previous studies identify owner-related issues, such as cost and housing, as common reasons for relinquishment of companion animals to animal shelters. It is likely that the burden of surrendering for owner-related reasons falls on those who are socially vulnerable (e.g., low income,...
The mechanics of social interactions between cats and their owners
| Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C.
This is a mini review that summarizes what is known from quantitative observational studies of social interactions between domestic cats and humans in both laboratory colonies and the home setting. Only results from data that have been statistically analyzed are included; hypotheses still to be...
Exploratory study of fecal cortisol, weight, and behavior as measures of stress and welfare in shelter cats during assimilation into families of children with autism spectrum disorder
| Contributor(s):: Carlisle, G. K., Johnson, R. A., Koch, C. S., Lyons, L. A., Wang, Z., Bibbo, J., Cheak-Zamora, N.
Background: Cats are a common companion animal (CA) in US households, and many live in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The prevalence of ASD is one in 54, and many children have behavior challenges as well as their diagnostic communication disorders. Objective:...
Does benchmarking of rating scales improve ratings of search performance given by specialist search dog handlers?
| Contributor(s):: Clark, C. C. A., Rooney, N. J.
Rating scales are widely used to rate working dog behavior and performance. Whilst behaviour scales have been extensively validated, instruments used to rate ability have usually been designed by training and practitioner organizations, and often little consideration has been given to how...
Broiler breeders roosted more on slats than on perches during the laying period
| Contributor(s):: Mens, Annemarie J. W., van Emous, Rick A.
COVID 19 - induced stress in dogs owned by elderly people
| Contributor(s):: Malancus, R. N.
Educating dog owners: how owner-dog interactions can benefit from addressing the human caregiving system and dog-directed parenting styles
| Contributor(s):: Herwijnen, I. R. van
Dogs need to adapt to a human environment to enhance their welfare and to avoid risks of undesired dog behaviour and relinquishment. Crucial to this adaptation may be how an owner interacts with the dog. Owner–dog interactions may be influenced by the human caregiving system with regard to...
Conceptualization of psychotherapy incorporating equine interactions in the United States
| Contributor(s):: Fry, N. E.
While several systematic and mapping reviews have been published in the last decade on the psychological effects of interacting with horses in therapy services, little has been written about how licensed mental health therapists in the United States should best understand, describe, and...
The role of hormones during equine-assisted activity and therapy: a literature review
| Contributor(s):: Ferlazzo, A., Fazio, E., Cravana, C., Medica, P.
The Effects of Reward-Based Training on the Behavioral Assessment of the Domestic Dog
| Contributor(s):: Shelby Vandergraff
Contrary to popular belief, pet overpopulation is caused more by owners failing to keep their dog than with accidental or intentional breeding (Moulton et al., 1991). Factors related to relinquishment have been researched, and concluded that behavioral problems are the most reoccurring reasons...
A Comparison of Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) Responses to Caregiver Use of Positive Reinforcement Training (PRT) and Species-Specific Behaviors (SSB)
| Contributor(s):: Whitney D. Emge
The present study compared the effects of positive reinforcement training (PRT) and unstructured interactions (UI) on chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior. In the PRT condition, a caregiver interacted with a chimpanzee to condition behaviors for 10 min. In the UI condition, a caregiver...
Expression of Behavioural Traits in Goldendoodles and Labradoodles
| Contributor(s):: Victoria L. Shouldice, A. Michelle Edwards, James A. Serpell, Lee Niel, J. Andrew B. Robinson
As crossbred dogs gain in popularity, how they express inherited behaviour traits in comparison to their purebred constituent breeds is of interest. We investigated behaviours exhibited by crossbred dogs by focusing on the popular Goldendoodle and Labradoodle crossbreds and comparing them to...
Only When It Feels Good: Specific Cat Vocalizations Other Than Meowing
| Contributor(s):: Jaciana Luzia Fermo, Maria Alice Schnaider, Adelaide Hercília Pescatori Silva, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento
Our objective was to identify and characterize the types of vocalization other than meowing (VOM) in two contexts, a pleasant and an aversive situation, and to study the effect of the sex of the animal. A total of 74 cats (32 tom cats and 42 queens) living in the city of Curitiba, Brazil,...