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  1. Automatic registration of grazing behaviour in dairy cows using 3D activity loggers

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Per Peetz

    Automated systems for monitoring behaviour of cows within dairy production are increasing and developments in technology provide new opportunities in this area. This study aimed to validate the use of a 3D activity logger (HOBO® Pendant G Data Logger), that registers the cow's head positions...

  2. Selection for temperament in sheep: Domain-general and context-specific traits

    Contributor(s):: Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Blache, Dominique, Stafford, Kevin J., Mellor, David J., Noble, Alasdair D. L.

    Sheep at the University of Western Australia have been selectively bred for behavioral responses to isolation and human presence in an arena test, resulting in the creation of two divergent lines: More Active (MA) and Less Active (LA). The aim of this study was to determine whether selection was...

  3. The effects of GPS collars on African elephant (Loxodonta africana) behavior at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park

    Contributor(s):: Horback, Kristina Marie, Miller, Lance Joseph, Andrews, Jeffrey, Kuczaj, Stanley Abraham, Anderson, Matthew

    The use of tracking devices (e.g., VHF radio collars, GPS collars, ear transmitters) enables researchers to assess activity budgets, species-specific movement patterns, effects of environmental enrichment, and exercise levels in zoo animals. The fundamental assumption in these studies of tagged...

  4. Animal handling and stress-related behaviour at mobile slaughter of cattle

    Contributor(s):: Hultgren, J., Arvidsson Segerkvist, K., Berg, C., Karlsson, A. H., Algers, B.

    By avoiding animal transportation, mobile slaughter may have the potential to reduce animal stress. In a cross-sectional study with elements of cohort design, we investigated relationships between animal handling and stress-related animal behaviours in connection with slaughter at two Swedish...

  5. Cyrus street dog providing emotional support in UK schools

    07 May 2020 | Posted by Adam Dunn

    August 2018 at Gatwick airport was the beginning of a very special journey for our first rescue dog from Cyprus. This image is the moment that we first met Angus at the airport on that very special...

    https://habricentral.org/members/7270/blog/2020/05/cyrus-street-dog-providing-emotional-support-in-uk-schools

  6. Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst

    Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry

  7. Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics

    Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.

  8. Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?

    Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.

    Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...

  9. The effects of past training, experience, and human behaviour on a dog’s persistence at an independent task

    Contributor(s):: Brubaker, Lauren, Udell, Monique A. R.

    Past research has shown that many factors, including training history, informal experience and genetics, play a role in how certain populations of dogs behave during a problem-solving task. Less understood is how a dog’s relationship with an attending human, as well as the actions of the human...

  10. Does positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)

    Contributor(s):: Spiezio, Caterina, Vaglio, Stefano, Scala, Consuelo, Regaiolli, Barbara

    Positive reinforcement training (PRT) is an established tool to facilitate animal husbandry, care and research in modern zoos, with potential positive implications for captive animal welfare. The study explored the role of an isolation PRT training programme on the well-being of ring-tailed...

  11. Response to novelty as an indicator of reptile welfare

    Contributor(s):: Moszuti, Sophie A., Wilkinson, Anna, Burman, Oliver H. P.

    Whilst a great deal of research has been focused on identifying ways to assess the welfare of captive mammals and birds, there is comparatively little knowledge on how reptilian species are affected by captivity, and the ways in which their welfare can be accurately assessed. The present study...

  12. How tall should a mink cage be? Using animals’ preferences for different ceiling heights to improve cage design

    Contributor(s):: Díez-León, María, Quinton, Margaret, Mason, Georgia

    Regulations and guidelines assume that taller cages are better for mink, because they permit more diverse postures (e.g. standing upright) and freedom to move. New Canadian Codes of Practice therefore stipulate cage ceiling heights of at least 38cm, while in Europe cages must be 46cm or taller....

  13. Dogs’ coping styles and dog-handler relationships influence avalanche search team performance

    Contributor(s):: Diverio, Silvana, Menchetti, Laura, Riggio, Giacomo, Azzari, Costanza, Iaboni, Martina, Zasso, Renato, Di Mari, Walter, Santoro, Michele Matteo

    Avalanche search dogs are valuable resources in the event of environmental disasters. The aim of this study was to determine whether dog search strategies and dynamics of interaction with his handler influence team performance during a simulated avalanche search trial. This consisted in...

  14. The effect of temporary confinement of hyperprolific sows in Sow Welfare and Piglet protection pens on sow behaviour and salivary cortisol concentrations

    Contributor(s):: Hales, J., Moustsen, V. A., Nielsen, M. B. F., Hansen, C. F.

    The aim of this study was to investigate effects of confinement in Sow Welfare and Piglet protection pens (SWAP pen) for four days after farrowing on sow behaviour and salivary cortisol levels. Sows were randomly allocated to three treatments: loose-loose (LL), loose-confined (LC) or...

  15. The effect of permanent or temporary contact with the lamb and contact with males on the lambing to first ovulation interval in Saint Croix sheep

    Contributor(s):: Orihuela, Agustín, Valdez, Daniela, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo

    The effect of suckling and presence of the lamb, or ram, on the lambing to first ovulation interval in Saint Croix sheep was determined. Ten days after lambing 50 ewes and their lambs were assigned to three different suckling treatments: continuous suckling (CS), restricted suckling (RS),...

  16. Opinion of applied ethologists on expectation bias, blinding observers and other debiasing techniques

    Contributor(s):: Tuyttens, Frank A. M., Stadig, Lisanne, Heerkens, Jasper L. T., Van laer, Eva, Buijs, Stephanie, Ampe, Bart

    There is increasing evidence that the field of applied ethology is prone to expectation biases invalidating research outcomes. Nevertheless, outcome assessors are rarely blinded. We surveyed delegates of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) 2014 congress shortly before (n=39...

  17. Quality of life and animal behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Yeates, James

    QOL is an intrinsically evaluative concept of how valuable (positive or negative) each animal’s life is for that animal from the animal’s point of view. QOL relates to animals’ experiences and their causes; is a “broad” concept in terms of content; extends over time; and relates to the particular...

  18. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  19. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids—A method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, Ahmed B. A., El Sayed, Mohammed A., Matoock, Mohamed Y., Fouad, Manal A., Heleski, Camie R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or...

  20. Plains zebra (Equus quagga) behaviour in a restored population reveals seasonal resource limitations

    | Contributor(s):: de Vos, Charli, Leslie, Alison J., Ransom, Jason I.

    A once abundant species, plains zebra (Equus quagga), is declining across much of sub-Saharan Africa. Reintroduction efforts at Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi, have resulted in rapid population increases, but little is known about how such populations resemble natural populations socially or...