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  1. Miniature horse training (Equus caballus) for use in equine assisted therapy, according to equine learning theory

    Contributor(s):: Rocha Medeiros, B. da, Silva, M. M. da, Zanette, P. R. K., Claus, M. P., Cardoso, J.

  2. Behavioral Research on Captive Animals: Scientific and Ethical Concerns

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kimberley Jayne, Adam See

    The first half of this chapter focuses exclusively on animals that are used in laboratory behavioral research to model wild behavior, what is typically involved, problems associated with this practice, and how behavioral research has revealed scientific problems in the animal model. The second...

  3. Predation and Risk Behaviors of Free-Roaming Owned Cats in Auckland, New Zealand via the Use of Animal-Borne Cameras

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie J. Bruce, Sarah Zito, M. Carolyn Gates, Glenn Aguilar, Jessica K. Walker, Nick Goldwater, Arnja Dale

    Free-roaming cats are at increased risk of injuring themselves as well as other domestic and fauna species, yet relatively little is known about the frequency at which risk and predation behaviors occur in a typical day. In this study, cat risk, and predation behavioral information was...

  4. Benefits of Animal Exposure on Veterinary Students' Understanding of Equine Behaviour and Self-Assessed Equine Handling Skills

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauréline Guinnefollau, Erica K. Gee, Charlotte F. Bolwell, Elizabeth J. Norman, Chris W. Rogers

    Horses are one of the most dangerous animals veterinarians have to work with. For many veterinary students, their first exposure to horses occurs during practical classes. To evaluate the level of knowledge students have of equine behaviour and their equine handling competency when entering...

  5. Validation of a qualitative behaviour score during the capture phase of stray dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Menchetti, Cecilia Righi, Gabriella Guelfi, Claudia Enas, Livia Moscati, Stefania Mancini, Silvana Diverio

    There are no studies on the capture phase of stray dogs, although this can be very stressful and have a significant impact on dogs’ welfare. In this preliminary study, we propose a simple qualitative evaluation system of the dog’s behaviour during the capture phase. The assessments...

  6. A Longitudinal Study Of Maternal Style, Young Adult Temperament And Cognition, And Program Outcome In Guide Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Elizabeth Bray Cohen

    How does maternal style, experienced over the first few weeks of life, affect later outcomes? Equally important, what is the role of an adolescent’s temperament and cognitive skills? The quest to understand which factors early in development lead to positive life outcomes is an endeavor...

  7. The Behavioural Effects of Innovative Litter Developed to Attract Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Frayne, Sarah MacDonald Murray, Candace Croney, Elizabeth Flickinger, Michelle Edwards, Anna Kate Shoveller

    Urination and/or defecation outside a designated location has been reported as the most common behavioural reason for surrendering a cat and comprises approximately 30% of cat intakes to shelters. The objective of this study was to determine whether cats would increase in-box elimination when...

  8. The role of cat eye narrowing movements in cat–human communication

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tasmin Humphrey, Leanne Proops, Jemma Forman, Rebecca Spooner, Karen McComb

    Domestic animals are sensitive to human cues that facilitate inter-specific communication, including cues to emotional state. The eyes are important in signalling emotions, with the act of narrowing the eyes appearing to be associated with positive emotional communication in a range of species....

  9. Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range

    Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...

  10. Potential Impact of Construction Noise on Selected Zoo Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Richard Jakob-Hoff, Michael Kingan, Chiaki Fenemore, Gian Schmid, John F. Cockrem, Amanda Crackle, Emily Van Bemmel, Rebecca Connor, Kris Descovich

    In anticipation of a major construction project in an urban New Zealand zoo, a study was initiated to assess the response to construction noise of selected animal species (elephant, giraffe, emu and alligator) previously observed to be sensitive to this kind of noise. The overall aim was to...

  11. The Use of Environmental Enrichments Affects Performance and Behavior of Growing Rabbits Housed in Collective Pens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Trocino, Cristina Zomeño, Eirini Filiou, Marco Birolo, Peter White, Gerolamo Xiccato

    This study assessed the effects of an elevated plastic-slatted platform and/or a plastic hiding tube in collective pens with large group sizes (27 or 36 rabbits/pen; 16 rabbits/m2) on the performance and welfare of rabbits kept from weaning (at 33 days of age) to slaughter (at 68 or 75 days of...

  12. Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder

    Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...

  13. Effects of Visitors and Enrichments on Behavior of Captive Red Wolves' (Canis rufus) at the Great Plains Zoo, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kylee S. Shotkoski

    Red wolves (Canis rufus) are the first animals to maintain a wild population from captive, released individuals. A captive breeding program for red wolves was started before complete extirpation, and 4 breeding pairs were released in Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge (North Carolina) in...

  14. Does the provision of environmental enrichment affect the behaviour and welfare of captive snakes?

    | Contributor(s):: Hoehfurtner, Tatjana, Wilkinson, Anna, Nagabaskaran, Gokulan, Burman, Oliver H. P.

  15. Evaluation of Animal-Based Indicators to Be Used in a Welfare Assessment Protocol for Sheep

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Susan E. Richmond, Francoise Wemelsfelder, Ina Beltran de Heredia, Roberto Ruiz, Elisabetta Canali, Cathy M. Dwyer

    Sheep are managed under a variety of different environments (continually outdoors, partially outdoors with seasonal or diurnal variation, continuously indoors) and for different purposes, which makes assessing welfare challenging. This diversity means that resource-based indicators are not...

  16. Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....

  17. The Social Rank of Zoo-Housed Japanese Macaques is a Predictor of Visitor-Directed Aggression

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jocelyn M. Woods, Stephen R. Ross, Katherine A. Cronin

    The effect that visitors have on the behavior and welfare of animals is a widely-studied topic in zoo animal welfare. Typically, these studies focus on how the presence or activity levels of visitors affect animals. However, for many species, and particularly primates, social factors, such as...

  18. Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel

    Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...

  19. Evaluating the Behavior and Temperament of African Penguins in a Non-Contact Animal Encounter Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sana T. Saiyed, Lydia M. Hopper, Katherine A. Cronin

    Animal ambassador programs are increasingly prevalent in zoos, yet few studies have investigated their impact on animal welfare. We assessed the effects of an ambassador program on the behavior of a colony (N = 15) of zoo-housed African penguins (Spheniscus demersus) and evaluated whether...

  20. Feeding Enrichment in a Captive Pack of European Wolves (Canis Lupus Lupus): Assessing the Effects on Welfare and on a Zoo's Recreational, Educational and Conservational Role

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giacomo Riggio, Chiara Mariti, Chiara Boncompagni, Simone Corosaniti, Massimiliano Di Giovanni, Asahi Ogi, Angelo Gazzano, Robert Thomas

    This study investigated the effects of two feeding enrichment programs on the behaviour of a captive pack of European wolves (Canis lupus lupus) and their correlation with both zoo visitors’ interest towards the exhibit and their overall perception of the species. Behavioural data...