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  1. Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal

    The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...

  2. An Owner-Independent Investigation of Diabetes Alert Dog Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clara Wilson, Steve Morant, Sarah Kane, Claire Pesterfield, Claire Guest, Nicola J. Rooney

    Objective: To quantify Diabetes Alert Dog (DAD) performance by using owner-independent measures. Research Design and Methods: Eight owners of accredited DADs used a FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System (FGMS). Concurrent Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) footage was...

  3. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    | Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...

  4. The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hani D. Freeman, Stephen R. Ross

      It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...

  5. Judgement bias in goats (Capra hircus): investigating the effects of human grooming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luigi Baciadonna, Christian Nawroth, Alan G. McElligott

      Animal emotional states can be investigated by evaluating their impact on cognitive processes. In this study, we used a judgement bias paradigm to determine if short-term positive human-animal interaction (grooming) induced a positive affective state in goats. We tested two groups of...

  6. An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger

    Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...

  7. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  8. Creating Junior Ethologists

    | Contributor(s):: Farenga, Stephen J., Joyce, Beverly A., Ness, Daniel

  9. Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Hannah F. Wright, Daniel S. Mills

    There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...

  10. Identifying and Resolving End of Session Cues in Substance Detection Canine Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Topoleski, Craig A. Schlutz, Wynn G. Warren

    When training and working a substance detection canine, a trained final response should be performed immediately upon recognition of odor (Generally, a 1–3 s window is preferred within our detection practices). Typical canine training places much emphasis on planning and setting up...

  11. The technician's role in the behavior consultation

    | Contributor(s):: Julie Shaw

  12. Relinquishment of sheltered animals: how the behavioral data can inform the veterinary role in prevention and successful rehoming

    | Contributor(s):: S.V. Juarbe-Diaz

        

  13. Canine separation anxiety: strategies for treatment and management

    | Contributor(s):: RJ Sargisson

  14. Evaluation of a behavioral assessment tool for dogs relinquished to shelters

    | Contributor(s):: DL Duffy, KA Kruger, James A. Serpell

  15. No better than flipping a coin: Reconsidering canine behavior evaluations in animal shelters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek, Janis Bradley

    Use of behavior evaluations for shelter dogs has progressed despite their lack of scientific validation as reliable diagnostic tools. Yet results of these evaluations are often used to make life-and-death decisions. Despite acknowledging the significant limitations of evaluations, most authors...

  16. Prevalence of owner-reported behaviours in dogs separated from the litter at two different ages

    | Contributor(s):: L. Pierantoni, M. Albertini, F. Pirrone

  17. Hao Yu Shih

    https://habricentral.org/members/4102

  18. Frania Shelley-Grielen

    https://habricentral.org/members/4099

  19. Understanding Spinner Dolphin Marine Tourism in Hawai'i: A Social Approach to Assessing Underwater Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Carlie S. Wiener

    The popularity of wild spinner dolphin interactions in the Hawaiian Islands has led to the expansion of businesses that incorporate in-water experiences with the dolphins. The growth of dolphin-related commerce has spread so quickly that regulations have not been able to keep up. Subsequently,...

  20. Pine Irwin

    https://habricentral.org/members/4004