The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten
Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.
This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.
The regulator dog: first results of a prospective study in the dog-breeding environmentLe chien regulateur: premiers resultats d'une enquete prospective en milieu cynophile
Contributor(s):: Napierala-Ruquois, F.
The regulator dog, used for its ability as an intraspecific socialisor, was the subject of a prospective study of various canine professionals. This enabled the profile, uses and effectiveness of the regulator dog to be defined. The survey also showed that, although there are various opposing...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Behaviors indicative of attachment with pets scale: an adaptation of the attachment during stress scale for companion animals
Contributor(s):: Vanegas-Farfano, M., Gonzalez-Ramirez, M. T.
This article introduces a Spanish-language assessment tool for the evaluation of behaviors that are indicative of attachment to aid research into human-animal interaction. The psychometric properties of the adapted scale to simultaneously quantify the attachment are presented. A confirmatory...
Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study
Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.
Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community members, known as...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people
Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...
Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions
Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.
Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...
Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique
Contributor(s):: May, D. K., Seivert, N. P., Cano, A., Casey, R. J., Johnson, A.
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...
Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts
Contributor(s):: Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., Bennett, P.
This review examines the perceptual and behavioural influences that pet-attachment has on the ways in which owners view risk, appraise threat, and respond to environmental hazards. Understanding how human-companion animal relationships function in this context has profound implications for the...
Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study
Contributor(s):: Grandgeorge, M., Degrez, C., Alavi, Z., Lemonnier, E.
Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated with...
Runne-Beana: dog herds ethnographer
Contributor(s):: Anderson, M.
Saami society in Lapland (now often called Saapmi), particularly the seasonally-nomadic reindeer-breeding sector, is predicated upon mobility and autonomy of its actors. Runne-Beana, a talented reindeer-herding dog, exhibited both mobility and autonomy when allocating to himself a peripatetic...
Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations
Contributor(s):: White, K. L.
Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...
My dog does understand me
Contributor(s):: Bonner, J.
Toileting troubles part 1: factors influencing house soiling in cats and dogs
Contributor(s):: Tomlinson, C.
The discovery of faeces and urine in the home is a common annoyance for owners of cats and dogs and is often perceived, incorrectly, as an inevitable part of pet ownership. Lack of early intervention can lead to long-term house soiling; this can be exasperating and put strain on the human-animal...
The development of a canine para-agility program: positive affects in children with autism and in therapy dogs
Contributor(s):: Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Miresan, V.
Previous research has demonstrated that both children and dogs might benefit from Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA), with some factors mediating/moderating the results. The present study took these factors into consideration, by creating an AAA program consisting of two types of human-animal...
People and companion animals: it takes two to tango
Contributor(s):: Amiot, C., Bastian, B., Martens, P.
Animals have accompanied humans for thousands of years, with a strong bond forged between humans and other species. Our relationships with animals can take different forms. On one hand, animals can serve instrumental purposes: We currently use animals for clothing, for testing a range of human...
Dogs recognize dog and human emotions
Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, N., Guo, Kun, Wilkinson, A., Savalli, C., Otta, E., Mills, D.
The perception of emotional expressions allows animals to evaluate the social intentions and motivations of each other. This usually takes place within species; however, in the case of domestic dogs, it might be advantageous to recognize the emotions of humans as well as other dogs. In this...