Jun 12 2017
54th Annual Conference of the Animal Behavior Society
Sep 26 2013
9th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting
A 'pebble test of anxiety' did not differentiate between Japanese quail divergently selected for stress and fear
Contributor(s):: Jones, R. B., Marin, R. H., Satterlee, D. G.
It has been suggested that the time taken by an individually tested domestic chick to begin pecking at pebbles on the floor of a novel arena might be used as a test of fear and anxiety, with low latencies to peck indicating low fear and vice versa, and as a potential selection criterion 'to...
A behavioral analysis of dog bites to children
Contributor(s):: Mathews, J. R., Lattal, K. A.
A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits
Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.
In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...
A behavioural comparison of gnotobiotic with normal neonate pigs, indicating stress in the former
Contributor(s):: Noyes, L.
Four features in the early environment and experience of gnotobiotic piglets which could be regarded as stressors were handling, temperature change, delay in initial feeding, and absence of maternal bonding and reassurance. Such factors are quite sufficient to account for behavioural differences...
A behavioural comparison of New Zealand White rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ) housed individually or in pairs in conventional laboratory cages
Contributor(s):: Chu, L. R., Garner, J. P., Mench, J. A.
Despite their gregarious nature, rabbits used for research are often housed individually due to concerns about aggression and disease transmission. However, conventional laboratory cages restrict movement, and rabbits housed singly in these cages often perform abnormal behaviours, an indication...
A behavioural study of growing pigs in different environments
Contributor(s):: Ruiterkamp, W. A.
The full-slat system, the half-slat system (both without substrate) and the Danish system consisting of a lying area supplied with straw and a separated dunging area were compared. Two types of pigs were used; those born and reared in a bare slat pen without any substrate and those in a pen with...
A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep
Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.
The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...
A brief note on some possible factors involved in the reactions of horses to humans
Contributor(s):: Hausberger, M., Muller, C.
In order to investigate relationships of adult horses to humans, we developed a simple evaluation test and scores based on observations. The first reactions of 224 adult horses to the presence of an experimenter were observed and scored. All these horses belonged to the same riding school, had...
A brief note on the effects of novel enrichment on an unwanted behaviour of captive bonobos
| Contributor(s):: Csatadi, A., Leus, K., Pereboom, J. J. M.
Animals in captivity may show undesirable behaviour when they are not sufficiently challenged, making it essential for their well-being to provide daily enrichment to zoo animals. Primates need a regular replacement with novel enrichment objects to prevent them from getting bored and look for...
A brief note on the effects of the removal of individuals on social behaviour in a captive group of campbell's monkeys ( Cercopithecus campbelli campbelli ): a case study
| Contributor(s):: Lemasson, A., Gautier, J. P., Hausberger, M.
We investigated the social effects of the removal of two adult females, including the founder of a matriline, in a group of captive Campbell's monkeys (Cercopithecus campbelli campbelli). Their social behaviour was recorded 1 month before, 1 week after, and 7 months after the removal of the...
A brief note on the information-seeking behavior of UK leisure horse owners
| Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.
Equine welfare charities have identified the education of (primarily novice) horse owners as the principal route to tackling the majority of equine welfare problems in the United Kingdom. To reach and educate owners effectively, we must understand where they seek advice about issues that arise...
A brief note on the relationship between residual feed intake and aggression behaviour in juveniles of African catfish Clarias gariepinus
| Contributor(s):: Martins, C. I. M., Hillen, B., Schrama, J. W., Verreth, J. A. J.
Individual differences in maintenance levels have been related with energetically expensive processes such as aggression. This relationship is not fully understood as on one hand individuals with higher maintenance requirements seem to be more aggressive but on the other hand have smaller...
A brief note on the validation of a system for recording lying behaviour in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A.
The duration and frequency of lying behaviour and the time spent standing are behavioural indicators of cow comfort. The objective of this study was to validate a robustly designed datalogger (DL) for recording standing and lying behaviour of cows at pasture. The datalogger consists of an...
A brief report on aggressive interactions within and between groups of domestic turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo )
| Contributor(s):: Buchwalder, T., Huber-Eicher, B.
Aggressive encounters and injuries due to head pecking seriously threaten the welfare of domestic turkeys and also result in economic waste within the turkey industry. The aim of this study was to investigate whether domestic turkey toms distinguish group members from non-group members and if...
A brief report on effects of transfer from outdoor grazing to indoor tethering and back on urinary cortisol and behaviour in dairy cattle
| Contributor(s):: Higashiyama, Y., Nashiki, M., Narita, H., Kawasaki, M.
The present study was performed to investigate the effects of transferring cattle (n=7) from pasture to indoor confinement and their return to pasture on their physiological and behavioural responses. On the day after the cows were moved to indoor tethering, urinary cortisol increased...
A brief report on intraspecies aggressive biting in a goat herd
| Contributor(s):: Tolu, C., Savas, T.
This study aimed at analysing the effects of age, horn and places on biting and butting as intraspecies aggressive activities. Seventy-two Turkish Saanen goats were used as animal material and 22,686 aggressive behaviours were recorded in different places from a total of 118 h direct observation....
A brief report on the relationship between level of milk production and estrous behavior of lactating dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Lopez, H., Satter, L. D., Wiltbank, M. C.
The objective of this study was to evaluate if there was an association between milk production and duration of estrus in lactating cows as determined by standing activity recorded by a radiotelemetry system. Holstein cows (n=42) were fitted with a radiotelemetric transmitter that allowed...
A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs
| Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Mendl, M., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.