Oct 17 2013
3rd Conference on Global Animal Health
A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep
Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.
The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...
A bibliometric analysis of past and emergent trends in animal welfare science
Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Nicol, C. J.
A Blueprint to Evaluate One Health
| Contributor(s):: Simon R. Rüegg, Barry J. McMahon, Barbara Häsler, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Chinwe Ifejika Speranza, Timothy Ehlinger, Marisa Peyre, Maurizio Aragrande, Jakob Zinsstag, Philip Davies, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Sandra C. Buttigieg, Jonathan Rushton, Luís P. Carmo, Daniele De Meneghi, Massimo Canali, Maria E. Filippitzi, Flavie Luce Goutard, Vlatko Ilieski, Dragan Milic´ evic, Helen O’Shea, Miroslav Radeski, Richard Kock, Anthony Staines, Ann Lindberg
One Health (OH) positions health professionals as agents for change and provides a platform to manage determinants of health that are often not comprehensively captured in medicine or public health alone. However, due to the organization of societies and disciplines, and the sectoral allocation...
A case for dawn and dusk for housed livestock
| Contributor(s):: Bryant, S. L.
A comparative study of the well-being of piglets reared conventionally and in cages
| Contributor(s):: Putten, G. Van, Dammers, J.
A comparison of inferential analysis methods for multilevel studies: Implications for drawing conclusions in animal welfare science
| Contributor(s):: Stevens, Kara N., Asher, Lucy, Griffin, Kym, Friel, Mary, O'Connell, Niamh, Collins, Lisa M.
Investigations comparing the behaviour and welfare of animals in different environments have led to mixed and often conflicting results. These could arise from genuine differences in welfare, poor validity of indicators, low statistical power, publication bias, or inappropriate statistical...
A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health
| Contributor(s):: Henrik Lerner, Charlotte Berg
Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches...
A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants
| Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.
With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...
A Decade of Progress toward Ending the Intensive Confinement of Farm Animals in the United States
| Contributor(s):: Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan
In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to...
A Delphi Survey and Analysis of Expert Perspectives on One Health in Australia
| Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Michael Ward, Andrew Wilson, Gwendolyn Gilbert
One Health (OH) is an interdisciplinary approach aiming to achieve optimal health for humans, animals and their environments. Case reports and systematic reviews of success are emerging; however, discussion of barriers and enablers of cross-sectoral collaboration are rare. A four-phase...
A framework for understanding zoonoses at the livestock-human interface in western Kenya
| Contributor(s):: E. Fèvre
This presentation discusses zoonoses, pathogens, and the aims of a study taking plave in Kenya to address the livestock-human interface.
A Functional Tool for the Prioritization of Zoonotic Diseases in Ontario
| Contributor(s):: Victoria Ng, Jan M. Sargeant
Presentation on the creation of a functional tool regarding prioritization of zoonotic diseases in Ontario including a discussion of disease criteria for prioritization and multi-criteria decision analysis.
A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses
| Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray
During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...
A National Census of Birth Weight in Purebred Dogs in Italy
| Contributor(s):: Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi
Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in...
A new approach for managing Bovine Tuberculosis: veterinary services' proposed action plan
Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease with animal health, public health, and international trade consequences. The cooperative Federal-State-industry effort to eradicate bovine TB from cattle in the United States has made significant progress since the program's inception in 1917....
A One Health message about bats increases intentions to follow public health guidance on bat rabies
| Contributor(s):: Hang Lu, Katherine A. McComas, Danielle E. Buttke, Sungjong Roh, Margaret A. Wild
Since 1960, bat rabies variants have become the greatest source of human rabies deaths in the United States. Improving rabies awareness and preventing human exposure to rabid bats remains a national public health priority today. Concurrently, conservation of bats and the ecosystem benefits they...
A pilot study to assess whether high expansion CO2;-enriched foam is acceptable for on-farm emergency killing of poultry
| Contributor(s):: Gerritzen, M. A., Sparrey, J.
This pilot experiment was conducted to ascertain whether CO2-enriched high expansion foam could be an acceptable and efficient alternative in emergency killing of poultry. This method could have wide-ranging applications but with particular emphasis on small (backyard) flocks, free-range sheds or...
A plea to implement robustness into a breeding goal: poultry as an example
| Contributor(s):: Star, L., Ellen, E. D., Uitdehaag, K., Brom, F. W. A.
The combination of breeding for increased production and the intensification of housing conditions have resulted in increased occurrence of behavioral, physiological, and immunological disorders. These disorders affect health and welfare of production animals negatively. For future livestock...
A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms
| Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.
The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...