The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
"One health": the potential of closer cooperation between human and animal health in Africa. (Bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopia.)
Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Tanner, M.
Emerging zoonoses affect livestock and humans, which calls for closer cooperation between animal and public health. Conceptually ideal, such cooperation is difficult to achieve and the causative agents of outbreaks are often confused. A lack of awareness may very likely be due to limited capacity...
A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep
Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.
The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...
A comparative study of the well-being of piglets reared conventionally and in cages
Contributor(s):: Putten, G. Van, Dammers, J.
A comparison of the role of vision and hearing in ewes finding their own lambs
Contributor(s):: Walser, E. E. S.
A comparison of the role of vision and hearing in lambs finding their own dams
Contributor(s):: Shillito, E. E.
A counterbalanced version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure reveals secure-base effects in dog-human relationships
Contributor(s):: Palmer, R., Custance, D.
It has been proposed that the dog-human relationship constitutes an infantile-like attachment. However, previous empirical support based on Ainsworth's Strange Situation test has proved inconclusive due to order effects inherent in the original procedure. In particular, these order effects...
A Decade of Progress toward Ending the Intensive Confinement of Farm Animals in the United States
Contributor(s):: Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan
In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to...
A method for the quantification of butting activity in androgen-treated wethers
Contributor(s):: Parrott, R. F.
A National Census of Birth Weight in Purebred Dogs in Italy
Contributor(s):: Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi
Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in...
A New Metric for Quantifying the Relative Impact of Risk Factors on Loss of Working Life Illustrated in a Population of Working Dogs
Contributor(s):: Geoffrey Caron-Lormier, Naomi D. Harvey, Gary C. W. England, Lucy Asher
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...
A note on canine aggression towards veterinarians
Contributor(s):: Marcella, K. L.
A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms
Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.
The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...
A preliminary internet survey of pet rabbit owners' characteristics
Contributor(s):: Oxley, J. A., Previti, A., Alibrandi, A., Briefer, E. F., Passantino, A.
This study aimed to conduct a preliminary survey to investigate basic ownership factors, frequency of microchipping and insurance and views of pet rabbit owners on these areas and general rabbit management. More specifically, we aimed to investigate whether owners possess insurance, whether their...
A refinement and validation of the Monash Canine Personality Questionnaire (MCPQ)
Contributor(s):: Ley, J. M., Bennett, P. C., Coleman, G. J.
The investigation of canine personality has failed to find strong agreement between studies as to its structure. The area has been hampered by a reliance on human personality models and by a tendency to limit the types of dogs used as subjects. These problems were recently addressed during the...
A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: practical implications for cattle production within the United States. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)
Contributor(s):: Coetzee, J. F.
Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....
A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method
Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.
A review of the problem of milk-sucking in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Grommers, F. J.
A scoring system to evaluate physical condition and quality of life in geriatric zoo mammals
Contributor(s):: Follmi, J., Steiger, A., Walzer, C., Robert, N., Geissbuhler, U., Doherr, M. G., Wenker, C.
The decision to perform euthanasia in geriatric zoo mammals is usually a highly complex procedure involving ethical, medical, emotional and sometimes political factors. However, subsequent necropsies show that the pathological changes of organs and/or the musculoskeletal system are often already...
A sequential analysis of eliminative behaviour in domestic pigs
Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Bachmann, I.
Knowledge of eliminative behaviour in pigs is of much importance for the design of housing systems in order to minimise soiling of the lying area. 53 piglets, 136 fatteners, 272 finishers and 277 sows were observed as focal animals at regularly used dunging areas in a highly structured housing...
A study of following behaviour in young lambs
Contributor(s):: Winfield, C. G., Kilgour, R.