The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Healthy animals, healthy people: Inextricably linked
Contributor(s):: Michael B. Cates
Dogs and dolphins, monkeys and cats, horses and mules, rabbits, rodents, reptiles, and humans--multiple species, and all are part of the focused mission of the US Army Veterinary Corps. For over 91 years, officers in our Corps, along with support personnel, have been an integral part of the Army...
Leptospirosis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: An Ecosystem Approach in the Animal-Human Interface
Contributor(s):: Maria Cristina Schneider, Patricia Najera, Martha M. Pereira, Gustavo Machado, Celso B. dos Anjos, Rogerio O. Rodrigues, Gabriela M. Cavagni, Claudia Munoz-Zanzi, Luis G. Corbellini, Daniel F. Buss, Sylvain Aldighieri, Marcos A. Espinal
BackgroundLeptospirosis is an epidemic-prone neglected disease that affects humans and animals, mostly in vulnerable populations. The One Health approach is a recommended strategy to identify drivers of the disease and plan for its prevention and control. In that context, the aim of this study...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
out of 5 stars
Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
How does dog-walking influence perceptions of health and wellbeing in healthy adults? A qualitative dog-walk-along study
Contributor(s):: Campbell, K., Smith, C. M., Tumilty, S., Cameron, C., Treharne, G. J.
The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and wellbeing related to dog-walking in healthy adults. Ten self-reported healthy adult dog-walkers took part in one dog-walk-along interview, and nine of the 10 participants also attended one follow-up participatory analysis session. All...
Internet users' perception of the importance of signs commonly seen in old animals with age-related diseases
Contributor(s):: M. Davies
Unless practices are running a screening programme to detect disease, veterinarians rely on owners to recognise abnormal signs and present their animal to them for examination and diagnosis. Common age-related diseases often present with similar clinical signssuch as polydipsia, weight loss...
Demographics and economic burden of un-owned cats and dogs in the UK: results of a 2010 census
Contributor(s):: Jenny Stavisky, Marnie L Brennan, Martin Downes, Rachel Dean
BackgroundThe population of dogs and cats passing through rescue shelters may be subject to compromised welfare and increased susceptibility to disease. Little information exists to describe this population, its dynamics and associated management practices. The aim of this study was to carry out...
Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study
Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green
A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...
Investigating preventive-medicine consultations in first-opinion small-animal practice in the United Kingdom using direct observation
Contributor(s):: N.J. Robinson, M.L. Brennan, M. Cobb, R.S. Dean
Preventive-medicine consultations account for a large proportion of the veterinary caseload and previous research has suggested these consultations are fundamentally different from those in which the animal is presented for a specific health problem. There has been recent controversy around some...
A New Metric for Quantifying the Relative Impact of Risk Factors on Loss of Working Life Illustrated in a Population of Working Dogs
Contributor(s):: Geoffrey Caron-Lormier, Naomi D. Harvey, Gary C. W. England, Lucy Asher
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...
First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact
Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad
Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...
Interdisciplinary approaches to zoonotic disease
Contributor(s):: Robin Goodwin, David Schley, Ka-Man Lai, Graziano M. Ceddia, Julie Barnett, Nigel Cook
Zoonotic infections are on the increase worldwide, but most research into the biological, environmental and life science aspects of these infections has been conducted in separation. In this review we bring together contemporary research in these areas to suggest a new, symbiotic framework which...
Human interaction and cortisol: Can human contact reduce stress for shelter dogs?
Contributor(s):: Crista L. Coppola, Temple Grandin, R. Mark Enns
Zoonosis control. Bronchisepica Bordetella infection. Epidemiological study of a case in the Basic Health Zone of Motril
Contributor(s):: R. Estevez Jeronimo, Jose del Pino Martinez, Jose Antonio Fernandez Fernandez, M. Ocete Espinola, I.M. Casado, J. Peinado
Although Bordetella bronchiseptica is said to be found as the cause of respiratory tract disease in many animals, domestic and wild, it has rarely been implicated as a cause of infection in humans. This study includes a case with a patient at a clinic at the Motril Este Health Center....
Knowledge and attitude towards zoonoses among animal health workers and livestock keepers in Arusha and Tanga, Tanzania
Contributor(s):: Emanuel S. Swai, Luuk Schoonman, Chris Daborn
Zoonoses are infections naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans. An exploratory questionnaire-based survey of animal health workers(n=36) and livestock keepers(n=43)was carried out from April 2001 to March 2002 in Tanga and Arusha regions, northern Tanzania, to assess local...
Animal health care seeking behavior of pets or livestock owners and knowledge and awareness on zoonoses in a university community
Contributor(s):: Awosanya, E. J., Akande, H. O.
Rabies control initiative in Tamil Nadu, India: a test case for the 'One Health' approach
Contributor(s):: Syed Shahid Abbas, Vidya Venkataramanan, Garima Pathak, Manish Kakkar
Although India accounts for nearly 50%5C% of the global rabies mortality, there is no organised national rabies control programme. Rabies control is generally confined to small urban pockets, with minimal intersectoral co-ordination. Tamil Nadu is the first state in India to implement a...
Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao
Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.
A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...
A preliminary internet survey of pet rabbit owners' characteristics
Contributor(s):: Oxley, J. A., Previti, A., Alibrandi, A., Briefer, E. F., Passantino, A.
This study aimed to conduct a preliminary survey to investigate basic ownership factors, frequency of microchipping and insurance and views of pet rabbit owners on these areas and general rabbit management. More specifically, we aimed to investigate whether owners possess insurance, whether their...
Animal welfare aspects in cat ownershipTierschutzrelevante Aspekte bei der Katzenhaltung
Contributor(s):: Hoefer, M.
A review on the policies, welfare issues, and law on cat ownership in Germany was presented.