"One health": the potential of closer cooperation between human and animal health in Africa. (Bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopia.)
Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Tanner, M.
Emerging zoonoses affect livestock and humans, which calls for closer cooperation between animal and public health. Conceptually ideal, such cooperation is difficult to achieve and the causative agents of outbreaks are often confused. A lack of awareness may very likely be due to limited capacity...
A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep
Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.
The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...
A case for dawn and dusk for housed livestock
Contributor(s):: Bryant, S. L.
A comparative study of the well-being of piglets reared conventionally and in cages
Contributor(s):: Putten, G. Van, Dammers, J.
A comparison of inferential analysis methods for multilevel studies: Implications for drawing conclusions in animal welfare science
Contributor(s):: Stevens, Kara N., Asher, Lucy, Griffin, Kym, Friel, Mary, O'Connell, Niamh, Collins, Lisa M.
Investigations comparing the behaviour and welfare of animals in different environments have led to mixed and often conflicting results. These could arise from genuine differences in welfare, poor validity of indicators, low statistical power, publication bias, or inappropriate statistical...
A comparison of the role of vision and hearing in ewes finding their own lambs
Contributor(s):: Walser, E. E. S.
A comparison of the role of vision and hearing in lambs finding their own dams
Contributor(s):: Shillito, E. E.
A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health
Contributor(s):: Henrik Lerner, Charlotte Berg
Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches...
A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants
Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.
With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...
A counterbalanced version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure reveals secure-base effects in dog-human relationships
Contributor(s):: Palmer, R., Custance, D.
It has been proposed that the dog-human relationship constitutes an infantile-like attachment. However, previous empirical support based on Ainsworth's Strange Situation test has proved inconclusive due to order effects inherent in the original procedure. In particular, these order effects...
A Decade of Progress toward Ending the Intensive Confinement of Farm Animals in the United States
Contributor(s):: Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan
In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to...
A method for the quantification of butting activity in androgen-treated wethers
Contributor(s):: Parrott, R. F.
A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses
| Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray
During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...
A National Census of Birth Weight in Purebred Dogs in Italy
| Contributor(s):: Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi
Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in...
A network model of H5N1 avian influenza transmission dynamics in domestic cats
| Contributor(s):: Ayyalasomayajula, S., DeLaurentis, D. A., Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
Naturally occurring cases of influenza in cats owing to the H5N1 strain have been reported in several countries. A cat reservoir of H5N1 in the United States could provide an environment for zoonotic disease spread to humans. This scenario was the impetus to develop a model to study potential...
A New Metric for Quantifying the Relative Impact of Risk Factors on Loss of Working Life Illustrated in a Population of Working Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Geoffrey Caron-Lormier, Naomi D. Harvey, Gary C. W. England, Lucy Asher
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...
A note on canine aggression towards veterinarians
| Contributor(s):: Marcella, K. L.
A pet loss support group: evaluation of the first year
| Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A., Rivero, C. A., Mader, B., Hart, B. L.
A pilot study to assess whether high expansion CO2;-enriched foam is acceptable for on-farm emergency killing of poultry
| Contributor(s):: Gerritzen, M. A., Sparrey, J.
This pilot experiment was conducted to ascertain whether CO2-enriched high expansion foam could be an acceptable and efficient alternative in emergency killing of poultry. This method could have wide-ranging applications but with particular emphasis on small (backyard) flocks, free-range sheds or...
A plea to implement robustness into a breeding goal: poultry as an example
| Contributor(s):: Star, L., Ellen, E. D., Uitdehaag, K., Brom, F. W. A.
The combination of breeding for increased production and the intensification of housing conditions have resulted in increased occurrence of behavioral, physiological, and immunological disorders. These disorders affect health and welfare of production animals negatively. For future livestock...