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  1. "One health": the potential of closer cooperation between human and animal health in Africa. (Bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopia.)

    Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Tanner, M.

    Emerging zoonoses affect livestock and humans, which calls for closer cooperation between animal and public health. Conceptually ideal, such cooperation is difficult to achieve and the causative agents of outbreaks are often confused. A lack of awareness may very likely be due to limited capacity...

  2. A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep

    Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.

    The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...

  3. A bibliometric analysis of past and emergent trends in animal welfare science

    Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Nicol, C. J.

  4. A Blueprint to Evaluate One Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simon R. Rüegg, Barry J. McMahon, Barbara Häsler, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Chinwe Ifejika Speranza, Timothy Ehlinger, Marisa Peyre, Maurizio Aragrande, Jakob Zinsstag, Philip Davies, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Sandra C. Buttigieg, Jonathan Rushton, Luís P. Carmo, Daniele De Meneghi, Massimo Canali, Maria E. Filippitzi, Flavie Luce Goutard, Vlatko Ilieski, Dragan Milic´ evic, Helen O’Shea, Miroslav Radeski, Richard Kock, Anthony Staines, Ann Lindberg

    One Health (OH) positions health professionals as agents for change and provides a platform to manage determinants of health that are often not comprehensively captured in medicine or public health alone. However, due to the organization of societies and disciplines, and the sectoral allocation...

  5. A case for dawn and dusk for housed livestock

    | Contributor(s):: Bryant, S. L.

  6. A comparative study of the well-being of piglets reared conventionally and in cages

    | Contributor(s):: Putten, G. Van, Dammers, J.

  7. A comparison of inferential analysis methods for multilevel studies: Implications for drawing conclusions in animal welfare science

    | Contributor(s):: Stevens, Kara N., Asher, Lucy, Griffin, Kym, Friel, Mary, O'Connell, Niamh, Collins, Lisa M.

    Investigations comparing the behaviour and welfare of animals in different environments have led to mixed and often conflicting results. These could arise from genuine differences in welfare, poor validity of indicators, low statistical power, publication bias, or inappropriate statistical...

  8. A comparison of the role of vision and hearing in ewes finding their own lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Walser, E. E. S.

  9. A comparison of the role of vision and hearing in lambs finding their own dams

    | Contributor(s):: Shillito, E. E.

  10. A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health

    | Contributor(s):: Henrik Lerner, Charlotte Berg

    Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches...

  11. A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.

    With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...

  12. A counterbalanced version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure reveals secure-base effects in dog-human relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, R., Custance, D.

    It has been proposed that the dog-human relationship constitutes an infantile-like attachment. However, previous empirical support based on Ainsworth's Strange Situation test has proved inconclusive due to order effects inherent in the original procedure. In particular, these order effects...

  13. A Decade of Progress toward Ending the Intensive Confinement of Farm Animals in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan

    In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to...

  14. A Delphi Survey and Analysis of Expert Perspectives on One Health in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Michael Ward, Andrew Wilson, Gwendolyn Gilbert

    One Health (OH) is an interdisciplinary approach aiming to achieve optimal health for humans, animals and their environments. Case reports and systematic reviews of success are emerging; however, discussion of barriers and enablers of cross-sectoral collaboration are rare. A four-phase...

  15. A method for the quantification of butting activity in androgen-treated wethers

    | Contributor(s):: Parrott, R. F.

  16. A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray

    During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...

  17. A National Census of Birth Weight in Purebred Dogs in Italy

    | Contributor(s):: Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi

    Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in...

  18. A network model of H5N1 avian influenza transmission dynamics in domestic cats

    | Contributor(s):: Ayyalasomayajula, S., DeLaurentis, D. A., Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.

    Naturally occurring cases of influenza in cats owing to the H5N1 strain have been reported in several countries. A cat reservoir of H5N1 in the United States could provide an environment for zoonotic disease spread to humans. This scenario was the impetus to develop a model to study potential...

  19. A note on canine aggression towards veterinarians

    | Contributor(s):: Marcella, K. L.

  20. A One Health message about bats increases intentions to follow public health guidance on bat rabies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hang Lu, Katherine A. McComas, Danielle E. Buttke, Sungjong Roh, Margaret A. Wild

    Since 1960, bat rabies variants have become the greatest source of human rabies deaths in the United States. Improving rabies awareness and preventing human exposure to rabid bats remains a national public health priority today. Concurrently, conservation of bats and the ecosystem benefits they...