One Health in Action: Operational Aspects of an Integrated Surveillance System for Zoonoses in Western Kenya
| Contributor(s):: Laura C. Falzon, Lorren Alumasa, Fredrick Amanya, Erastus Kang'ethe, Samuel Kariuki, Kelvin Momanyi, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K. Murungi, Samuel M. Njoroge, Allan Ogendo, Joseph Ogola, Jonathan Rushton, Mark E. J. Woolhouse, Eric M. Fèvre
Surveillance of diseases in Kenya and elsewhere in East Africa is currently carried out by both human and animal health sectors. However, a recent evaluation highlighted the lack of integration between these sectors, leading to disease under-reporting and inefficiencies. This project aimed to...
Beliefs, Attitudes and Self-Efficacy of Australian Veterinary Students Regarding One Health and Zoonosis Management
| Contributor(s):: Ihab Habib, Wing Sze Lam, Hamid Reza Sodagari, Peter Irons, Mieghan Bruce
This study aimed to explore the beliefs and attitudes of a group of senior veterinary students regarding One Health and to evaluate their levels of confidence in advising the general public on preventative health issues at the human–animal interface. An online survey was communicated to...
Animal Health Management Practices Among Smallholder Livestock Producers in Australia and Their Contribution to the Surveillance System
| Contributor(s):: Marta Hernández-Jover, Lynne Hayes, Robert Woodgate, Luzia Rast, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio
The risks posed for disease introduction and spread are believed to be higher for smallholder livestock producers than commercial producers. Possible reasons for this is the notion that smallholders do not implement appropriate animal health management practices and are not part of traditional...
Traveling with Beau: My 34-Day Trip to a Deeper Understanding of One Health
| Contributor(s):: Donald F. Smith
In Part 1, Dr. Smith provides background on the 10,000 mile trip he took to Alaska with his dog named Beau in 2007. During this long journey, valuable insights are gained into One Health and an understanding of the human-animal bond that changed his whole outlook on veterinary medicine.
One Health and Zoonoses
| Contributor(s):: John Mackenzie (editor), Martyn Jeggo (editor)
The Use of Chemotherapy to Prolong the Life of Dogs Suffering from Cancer: The Ethical Dilemma
| Contributor(s):: Tanya Stephens
Despite the emergence some years ago of oncology as a veterinary specialty, there has been very little in the way of ethical debate on the use of chemotherapy in dogs. The purpose of this article is to undertake an ethical analysis to critically examine the use of chemotherapy to prolong the...
Framework for Estimating Indirect Costs in Animal Health Using Time Series Analysis
| Contributor(s):: Alyson S. Barratt, Karl M. Rich, Jude I. Eze, Thibaud Porphyre, George J. Gunn, Alistair W. Stott
Traditionally, cost-benefit analyses (CBAs) focus on the direct costs of animal disease, including animal mortality, morbidity, and associated response costs. However, such approaches often fail to capture the wider, dynamic market impacts that could arise. The duration of these market...
Catching a glimpse of the bacterial gut community of companion animals: a canine and feline perspective
| Contributor(s):: Giulia Alessandri, Chiara Argentini, Christian Milani, Francesca Turroni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura
Dogs and cats have gained a special position in human society by becoming our principal companion animals. In this context, efforts to ensure their health and welfare have increased exponentially, with in recent times a growing interest in assessing the impact of the gut microbiota on canine...
Optimization of human, animal, and environmental health by using the One Health approach
| Contributor(s):: Jonathan M. Sleeman, Thomas DeLiberto, Natalie Nguyen
Emerging diseases are increasing burdens on public health, negatively affecting the world economy, causing extinction of species, and disrupting ecological integrity. One Health recognizes that human, domestic animal, and wildlife health are interconnected within ecosystem health and provides a...
Prevalence and Zoonotic Potential of Giardia intestinalis in Dogs of the Central Region of Mexico
| Contributor(s):: Elsa M. Godínez-Galaz, Nerina P. Veyna-Salazar, Andrea M. Olvera-Ramírez, Feliciano Milián-Suazo, Claudia A. Perea-Razo, Rodolfo Bernal-Reynaga, Germinal J. Cantó-Alarcón
Giardia intestinalis is a protozoan of worldwide distribution capable of infecting a large number of species, including humans and domestic animals. Dogs represent a risk to public health due to cross-infections by the zoonotic assemblages. However, there is little information concerning...
Understanding Zoonotic Enteric Disease in Minnesota: A Spatio Temporal Analysis and Causal Theory Approach
| Contributor(s):: Suchismita Swain
With 75 percent of diseases in humans having origin in animals or animal products, zoonotic diseases have an enormous impact on the global disease burden. A significant portion of this can be attributed to bacterial zoonotic enteric pathogens. This study was designed to locate clusters of...
Welfare Assessment in Shelter Dogs by Using Physiological and Immunological Parameters
| Contributor(s):: Cecilia Righi, Laura Menchetti, Riccardo Orlandi, Livia Moscati, Stefania Mancini, Silvana Diverio
This study aimed to evaluate the state of welfare of a group of dogs during the first month after entering the shelter by using different stress parameters. Blood and fecal samples were collected from a group of 71 dogs at the time of admission to the shelter. In 46 of these dogs, sampling was...
The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues
| Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.
The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...
Veterinary Education in Indiana: From Horses to Hogs to the Human-Animal Bond
Though Purdue University’s first veterinary class graduated just over 50 years ago in 1963, there had been a long and vibrant history of veterinary education in the state of Indiana dating back to the 1890s when the Indiana Veterinary College was founded.
Health and Body Conditions of Riding School Horses Housed in Groups or Kept in Conventional Tie-Stall/Box Housing
| Contributor(s):: Jenny Yngvesson, Juan Carlos Rey Torres, Jasmine Lindholm, Annika Pättiniemi, Petra Andersson, Hanna Sassner
We compared welfare measures of horses among Swedish riding schools (RS) during winter where horses were kept either in group housing (n = 8) or in tie-stalls/boxes (n = 8), Health data for six previous months were obtained for all horses at each RS from their records. Ten horses per...
One Health and zoonoses activities at 17 select international locations : April 2012-May 2013
Foreword -- Table of international One Health and zoonoses activities -- Country and International Organization Profiles: Bangladesh; China; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Egypt; Guatemala; India; Indonesia; Kazakhstan; Kenya; Nigeria; Republic of Georgia; South Africa; Thailand; Uganda;...
Workshop summary : One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization for Multi-Sectoral Engagement in Côte d'Ivoire : Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, January 25-26, 2017
The purpose of this 2-day One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization Workshop was to identify zoonotic diseases of greatest national concern for Côte d’Ivoire. This workshop used equal input from representatives of human health, livestock, environment, wildlife, research, and...
Husbandry Practices, Health, and Welfare Status of Organic Broilers in France
| Contributor(s):: Rozenn Souillard, Jean-Michel Répérant, Catherine Experton, Adeline Huneau-Salaun, Jenna Coton, Loïc Balaine, Sophie Le Bouquin
Organic poultry production has increased sharply with growing consumer demand in the context of sustainable development. A study was conducted in 85 organic broiler flocks between 2014 and 2015 to describe the husbandry practices and the health and welfare status of organic broilers in France,...
Brexit and AnimalWelfare Impact Assessment: Analysis of the Threats Brexit Poses to Animal Protection in the UK, EU and Internationally
| Contributor(s):: Steven P. McCulloch
The British people voted in a 2016 referendum to leave the European Union (EU). Brexit presents both threats and opportunities to animal protection in the United Kingdom (UK), EU and internationally. This paper discusses threats to animal protection in terms of five criteria. These are first,...
A One Health message about bats increases intentions to follow public health guidance on bat rabies
| Contributor(s):: Hang Lu, Katherine A. McComas, Danielle E. Buttke, Sungjong Roh, Margaret A. Wild
Since 1960, bat rabies variants have become the greatest source of human rabies deaths in the United States. Improving rabies awareness and preventing human exposure to rabid bats remains a national public health priority today. Concurrently, conservation of bats and the ecosystem benefits they...