Relationship of human and animal tuberculosis in the interface areas of the National parks of the Kafue Basin in Zambia
Contributor(s):: Musso Munyeme
Tuberculosis is a disease of worldwide public health and economic importance. In Zambia the disease has been consistently reported in the Kafue Basin without a clear understanding of transmission dynamics in the livestock-wildlife interface. The main objective of this study was to determine the...
The new "normal" world - post-COVID-19 pandemic
Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira
The new "normal" world - post-COVID-19 pandemicA lecture by ErasmoDEOLIVEIRABringing trustable information about the bond between humans and pets, with a wide scientific base and in language accessible to all audiences.
Brexit and Animal Protection: Legal and Political Context and a Framework to Assess Impacts on Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Steven P. McCulloch
The British people voted to leave the European Union (EU) in a 2016 referendum. The United Kingdom (UK) has been a member of the EU since the Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1993 and before that a member of the European Communities (EC) since 1973. EU animal health and welfare regulations and...
Saving lives by taking a one health approach : connecting human, animal, and environmental health
| Contributor(s):: National Center for Emerging Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (U.S.). One Health Office
More than half of all infections that people can get can be spread by animals. Diseases like rabies, Salmonella, and West Nile virus infections are examples of zoonotic diseases (or zoonoses)—diseases that can be shared between animals and people. Every year, tens of thousands of...
A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants
| Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.
With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...
New directions for zoo animal welfare science
| Contributor(s):: Whitham, Jessica C., Wielebnowski, Nadja
In recent years, zoos and aquaria have intensified efforts to develop approaches and tools for assessing the welfare of populations and individual animals in their care. Advances made by welfare scientists conducting studies on exotic, farm, laboratory, and companion animals have led to the...
Impact of inhalation anaesthesia, surgery and analgesic treatment on home cage behaviour in laboratory mice
| Contributor(s):: Cesarovic, Nikola, Arras, Margarete, Jirkof, Paulin
Anaesthesia and analgesia are used frequently in laboratory routine to ensure animal welfare and good scientific outcomes in experiments that may elicit pain or require immobilisation of the animal. However, there is concern regarding the effect of these procedures on animal behaviour in...
Fatal Tuberculosis in a Free-Ranging African Elephant and One Health Implications of Human Pathogens in Wildlife
| Contributor(s):: Michele A. Miller, Peter Buss, Eduard O. Roos, Guy Hausler, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emily Mitchell, Louis van Schalkwyk, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, W. Ray Waters, Alina Sikar-Gang, Konstantin P. Lyashchenko, Sven D. C. Parsons, Robin Warren, Paul van Helden
Tuberculosis (TB) in humans is a global public health concern and the discovery of animal cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and disease, especially in multi-host settings, also has significant implications for public health, veterinary disease control, and conservation...
Animals and the shaping of modern medicine: One health and its histories
| Contributor(s):: Abigail Woods, Michael Bresalier, Angela Cassidy, Rachel Mason Dentinger
Part of the Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History book series (MBSMH)
Diversity of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia/Neoehrlichia Agents in Terrestrial Wild Carnivores Worldwide: Implications for Human and Domestic Animal Health and Wildlife Conservation
| Contributor(s):: Marcos Rogério André
Recently, the incidence and awareness of tick-borne diseases in humans and animals have increased due to several factors, which in association favor the chances of contact among wild animals and their ectoparasites, domestic animals and humans. Wild and domestic carnivores are considered the...
Evaluating the Efficacy of Knowledge-Transfer Interventions on Animal Health Knowledge of Rural Working Equid Owners in Central Ethiopia: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
| Contributor(s):: Andrew P. Stringer, Rob M. Christley, Catriona E. Bell, Feseha Gebreab, Gebre Tefera, Karen Reed, Andrew Trawford, Gina L. Pinchbeck
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of several knowledge-transfer interventions about donkey health, utilizing a cluster-randomized controlled trial (c-RCT), on the long-term knowledge change (∼6 months post intervention) of Ethiopian rural working equid owners....
Review of principles governing dog health education in remote Aboriginal communities
| Contributor(s):: Willis, E. M., Ross, K. E.
A comparison of inferential analysis methods for multilevel studies: Implications for drawing conclusions in animal welfare science
| Contributor(s):: Stevens, Kara N., Asher, Lucy, Griffin, Kym, Friel, Mary, O'Connell, Niamh, Collins, Lisa M.
Investigations comparing the behaviour and welfare of animals in different environments have led to mixed and often conflicting results. These could arise from genuine differences in welfare, poor validity of indicators, low statistical power, publication bias, or inappropriate statistical...
Does positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)
| Contributor(s):: Spiezio, Caterina, Vaglio, Stefano, Scala, Consuelo, Regaiolli, Barbara
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) is an established tool to facilitate animal husbandry, care and research in modern zoos, with potential positive implications for captive animal welfare. The study explored the role of an isolation PRT training programme on the well-being of ring-tailed...
Zoonosis : prospects and challenges for medical anthropology
| Contributor(s):: Frédéric Keck, Christos Lynteris
In recent years anthropologists have shown an increasing interest in ‘zoonoses’: diseases naturally transmitted from nonhuman animals to humans, such as anthrax, brucellosis, influenza, hantavirus syndromes, Middle East respiratory syndrome, plague, and rabies. Animal-derived...
Human, animal and environmental contributors to antibiotic resistance in low resource settings: integrating behavioural, epidemiological and One Health approaches
| Contributor(s):: Emily K Rousham, Leanne Unicomb, Mohammad Aminul Islam
Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is recognised as a One Health challenge because of the rapid emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria and genes among humans, animals and the environment on a global scale. However, there is a paucity of research assessing ABR contemporaneously in humans,...
Preventing zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians.
| Contributor(s):: Sara Grant, Christopher W. Olsen
Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa
| Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump
Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...
Surveillance for respiratory and diarrheal pathogens at the human-pig interface in Sarawak, Malaysia
| Contributor(s):: Laura K. Borkenhagen, Kerry A. Mallinson, Rick W. Tsao, Siaw-Jing Ha, Wei-Honn Lim, Teck-Hock Toh, Benjamin D. Anderson, Jane K. Fieldhouse, Sarah E. Philo, Kuek-Sen Chong, William G. Lindsley, Alejandro Ramirez, James F. Lowe, Kristen K. Coleman, Gregory C. Gray
Background The large livestock operations and dense human population of Southeast Asia are considered a hot-spot for emerging viruses. Objectives To determine if the pathogens adenovirus (ADV), coronavirus (CoV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A-D (IAV, IBV, ICV,...
The Ties that Bind: One Health | Sharon Deem | TEDxGatewayArchSalon
| Contributor(s):: Sharon Deem
Sharon discusses the idea of One World Health - plants, animals and humans need to find a path to balance. As man disrupts the natural systems it disrupts the health of other living things which in turn cause problems that were not obviously predictable. We need to be aware of the disruptions...