The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses
| Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray
During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...
A National Census of Birth Weight in Purebred Dogs in Italy
| Contributor(s):: Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi
Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in...
A network model of H5N1 avian influenza transmission dynamics in domestic cats
| Contributor(s):: Ayyalasomayajula, S., DeLaurentis, D. A., Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
Naturally occurring cases of influenza in cats owing to the H5N1 strain have been reported in several countries. A cat reservoir of H5N1 in the United States could provide an environment for zoonotic disease spread to humans. This scenario was the impetus to develop a model to study potential...
A new approach for managing Bovine Tuberculosis: veterinary services' proposed action plan
Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease with animal health, public health, and international trade consequences. The cooperative Federal-State-industry effort to eradicate bovine TB from cattle in the United States has made significant progress since the program's inception in 1917....
A New Metric for Quantifying the Relative Impact of Risk Factors on Loss of Working Life Illustrated in a Population of Working Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Geoffrey Caron-Lormier, Naomi D. Harvey, Gary C. W. England, Lucy Asher
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...
A note on canine aggression towards veterinarians
| Contributor(s):: Marcella, K. L.
A pet loss support group: evaluation of the first year
| Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A., Rivero, C. A., Mader, B., Hart, B. L.
A pilot study to assess whether high expansion CO2;-enriched foam is acceptable for on-farm emergency killing of poultry
| Contributor(s):: Gerritzen, M. A., Sparrey, J.
This pilot experiment was conducted to ascertain whether CO2-enriched high expansion foam could be an acceptable and efficient alternative in emergency killing of poultry. This method could have wide-ranging applications but with particular emphasis on small (backyard) flocks, free-range sheds or...
A plea to implement robustness into a breeding goal: poultry as an example
| Contributor(s):: Star, L., Ellen, E. D., Uitdehaag, K., Brom, F. W. A.
The combination of breeding for increased production and the intensification of housing conditions have resulted in increased occurrence of behavioral, physiological, and immunological disorders. These disorders affect health and welfare of production animals negatively. For future livestock...
A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms
| Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.
The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...
A preliminary internet survey of pet rabbit owners' characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Oxley, J. A., Previti, A., Alibrandi, A., Briefer, E. F., Passantino, A.
This study aimed to conduct a preliminary survey to investigate basic ownership factors, frequency of microchipping and insurance and views of pet rabbit owners on these areas and general rabbit management. More specifically, we aimed to investigate whether owners possess insurance, whether their...
A refinement and validation of the Monash Canine Personality Questionnaire (MCPQ)
| Contributor(s):: Ley, J. M., Bennett, P. C., Coleman, G. J.
The investigation of canine personality has failed to find strong agreement between studies as to its structure. The area has been hampered by a reliance on human personality models and by a tendency to limit the types of dogs used as subjects. These problems were recently addressed during the...
A review of pain assessment techniques and pharmacological approaches to pain relief after bovine castration: practical implications for cattle production within the United States. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)
| Contributor(s):: Coetzee, J. F.
Castration of male calves destined for beef production is a common livestock management practice in the United States amounting to approximately 7 million procedures per year. Recently there has been renewed interest in identifying methods to reduce pain associated with dehorning and castration....
A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method
| Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.
A review of the problem of milk-sucking in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Grommers, F. J.
A scoring system to evaluate physical condition and quality of life in geriatric zoo mammals
| Contributor(s):: Follmi, J., Steiger, A., Walzer, C., Robert, N., Geissbuhler, U., Doherr, M. G., Wenker, C.
The decision to perform euthanasia in geriatric zoo mammals is usually a highly complex procedure involving ethical, medical, emotional and sometimes political factors. However, subsequent necropsies show that the pathological changes of organs and/or the musculoskeletal system are often already...
A sequential analysis of eliminative behaviour in domestic pigs
| Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Bachmann, I.
Knowledge of eliminative behaviour in pigs is of much importance for the design of housing systems in order to minimise soiling of the lying area. 53 piglets, 136 fatteners, 272 finishers and 277 sows were observed as focal animals at regularly used dunging areas in a highly structured housing...
A study of client grief responses to death or loss in a companion animal veterinary practice
| Contributor(s):: Harris, J. M.
A study of following behaviour in young lambs
| Contributor(s):: Winfield, C. G., Kilgour, R.
A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care
| Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.
Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...