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  1. Do collar-mounted predation deterrents restrict wandering in pet domestic cats?

    Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Bryant, K. A., Fontaine, J. B., Calver, M. C.

    Roaming pet cats kill and harass wildlife, hybridise with wild felids, interbreed with feral populations, spread disease or annoy neighbours, and endanger their own welfare by fighting, being struck by vehicles or ingesting poisons. Confinement of pet cats is unpopular, so alternative methods to...

  2. Management and design of hospital pens relative to behavior of the compromised dairy cow: a questionnaire survey of Iowa dairy farms

    Contributor(s):: Fogsgaard, K. K., Herskin, M. S., Gorden, P. J., Timms, L. L., Shearer, J. K., Millman, S. T.

    Compromised dairy cows, such as those suffering from illness or injury, are likely to have different behavioral priorities and needs compared to healthy cows. Although hospital pens are typically required in animal welfare standards and assessment programs, there is surprisingly little...

  3. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  4. Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses

    Contributor(s):: Burla, J. B., Ostertag, A., Patt, A., Bachmann, I., Hillmann, E.

    Under natural conditions, horses spend 12-18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of agonistic...

  5. The effects of metabolic cage housing and sex on cognitive bias expression in rats

    Contributor(s):: Barker, T. H., Howarth, G. S., Whittaker, A. L.

    The use of metabolic cages is established housing protocol in small-animal, gastrointestinal research. Physiological data, as primarily observed through secretions of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has shown that rodents housed in this manner experience an increased stress response. Few...

  6. Program animal welfare: using behavioral and physiological measures to assess the well-being of animals used for education programs in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Baird, B. A., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E., Amendolagine, L. A., Fuller, G. A., Nemet, J., Willis, M. A., Schook, M. W.

    This study investigates program animal welfare using both behavioral and physiological measures in two separate experiments. In Experiment One, we examined possible differences in behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) between education, exhibit and off-exhibit armadillos ( N=59)...

  7. Exploring Public Perceptions of the Guelph Humane Society Facilities as a Centre for Human-Animal and Community Interaction

    Contributor(s):: Anna Chow

    While humane shelters are multi-functional centres for animal-human activities, many are not designed to capitalize on community engagement, education and interaction. This research gathered public opinion about the Guelph Humane Society (GHS) and features that would enhance not only animal...

  8. Abnormal behaviour and behavioural problems in stabled horses and their relationship to horse welfare: a comparative review.

    Contributor(s):: G.j. Mason, J. Cooper

    Many behaviours in domestic animals, such as the ‘stable vices’ of horses, are treated because they are considered undesirable for economic or cultural reasons, and not because the activity affects the horse’s quality of life. The impact of a behaviour on the human reporter is...

  9. El Paso Animal Services Survey: Support for a 'No Kill Community

    Contributor(s):: Carlos Olmedo, Guadalupe Corral-camacho, Mario E. Caire

    The Institute for Policy and Economic Development (IPED) at the University of Texas at El Paso was contracted by El Paso City Animal Services (EPAS) to conduct a survey of El Paso County residents’ attitudes and perceptions about: 1) stray and unclaimed animals within the community, 2)...

  10. All Weather Doghouse

    Contributor(s):: Marcus Catchpole

  11. Re-Homing Exotic Species - A Pilot Program to Prevent Release of Exotic Aquatic Pet Species

    Contributor(s):: Andrew M. Lazur, Ruth Hanessian

    An educational poster program designed to inform pet owners of the dangers of releasing exotic species and provide a re-homing mechanism was evaluated as a means to reduce unwanted environmental releases. The poster provided a URL to the program partners' Web site, which listed participating...

  12. Certification in Animal Assisted Therapy and Animal Assisted Wellness

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Eileen Bona

    This is a certification process in Alberta Canada that qualifies people to work with animals to help people in need.Certification is granted for two types of helping professionals as indicated below:Animal Assisted Therapist - Master’s level helping professionals. This includes mental...

  13. Exploring Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Eileen Bona

    What does it involve? Practical application of the distance education information provided in the courses in Animal Assisted Interventions.Taking part in activities and exercises with animals designed to help people with a variety of life issues. These activities will address the learning...

  14. Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao

    Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.

    A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...

  15. Determinants of cat choice and outcomes for adult cats and kittens adopted from an Australian animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Zito, S., Paterson, M., Vankan, D., Morton, J., Bennett, P., Phillips, C.

    The percentage of adult cats euthanized in animal shelters is greater than that of kittens because adult cats are less likely to be adopted. This study aimed to provide evidence to inform the design of strategies to encourage adult cat adoptions. One such strategy is to discount adoption prices,...

  16. The use of refuges by communally housed cats

    Contributor(s):: Oliveira, A. S. de, Tercariol, C. A. S., Genaro, G.

    The increase of domestic animals kept in shelters highlights the need to ensure animal welfare. Environmental enrichment can improve animal welfare in many ways, such as encouraging captive animals to use all the space available to them. The effects of physical environmental enrichment on the...

  17. RandAgiamo TM, a pilot project increasing adoptability of shelter dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy)

    Contributor(s):: Menchetti, L., Mancini, S., Catalani, M. C., Boccini, B., Diverio, S.

    Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this "no-kill policy" has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates. Shelter...

  18. Problems associated with the microchip data of stray dogs and cats entering RSPCA Queensland shelters

    Contributor(s):: Lancaster, E., Rand, J., Collecott, S., Paterson, M.

    A lack of published information documenting problems with the microchip data for the reclaiming of stray animals entering Australian shelters limits improvement of the current microchipping system. A retrospective study analysing admission data for stray, adult dogs ( n=7258) and cats ( n=6950)...

  19. Effect of cage type on fecal corticosterone concentration in buck rabbits during the reproductive cycle

    Contributor(s):: Cornale, P., Macchi, E., Renna, M., Prola, L., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) was measured in 14 buck rabbits individually housed in standard-dimension cages (SC) or in bigger cages (BC; with a volume more than double that of SC and equipped with a plastic foot mat) during 4 consecutive reproductive cycles. Cage type and...

  20. Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India

    Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan

    Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...