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  1. Microsporidia Detection and Genotyping Study of Human Pathogenic E. bieneusi in Animals from Spain

    Contributor(s):: Ana Luz Galván-Díaz, Angela Magnet, Soledad Fenoy, Nuno Henriques-Gil, María Haro, Francisco Ponce Gordo, Guadalupe Miró, Carmen del Aguila, Fernando Izquierdo

    Microsporidia are ubiquitous parasites infecting all animal phyla and we present evidence that supports their zoonotic potential. Fecal samples taken from domestic (cats and dogs), farm (pigs, rabbits and ostriches) and wild animals (foxes) from different provinces of Spain were evaluated for...

  2. The Burden of Parasitic Zoonoses in Nepal: A Systematic Review

    Contributor(s):: B. Devleesschauwer, A. Ale, P. Torgerson, N. Praet, C. Mairtens de Noordhout, B.D. Pandey, S.B. Pun, R. Lake, J. Vercruysse, D.D. Joshi, A.H. Havelaar, L. Duchateau, P. Dorny, N. Speybroek

    BackgroundParasitic zoonoses (PZs) pose a significant but often neglected threat to public health, especially in developing countries. In order to obtain a better understanding of their health impact, summary measures of population health may be calculated, such as the Disability-Adjusted Life...

  3. Anti-schistosoma single-domain antibody-nanoparticles conjugate: a novel tool for diagnostic and therapeutic applications

    Contributor(s):: Mohaned Abdelazim Sallam

    Nanotechnology has enthused excessive expectations in recent years, particularly in the biology and biomedical fields. Carbon-coated metallic nanomagnets reveal significant physicochemical properties, which are referred to as superparamagnetism, that when designed appropriately can be utilized to...

  4. The Control of Neglected Zoonotic Diseases in Nigeria through Animal Intervention

    Contributor(s):: D.O. Ehizibolo, P.O.Ehizibolo, E.E.Ehizibolo, M.Y. Sugun, S.E. Idachaba

    Zoonoses are a major cause of morbidity and mortality across the world and particularly in Nigeria; however, they are often neglected by primary healthcare managers and policy makers. The neglected zoonotic diseases endemic in Nigeria include Anthrax, brucellosis, Bovine Tuberculosis, Rabies,...

  5. Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska. XXXVI. Parasites of the wolverine, Gulo gulo L., with observations on the biology of Taenia twitchelli

    Contributor(s):: Robert L. Rausch

    Natural biotic relationships already had been severely disrupted in the United States by the time significant interest had developed in faunistic helminthology. Some mammalian species, particularly the larger carnivores, had been extirpated or were represented only by scattered individuals in the...

  6. Review of PARASITOLOGY: Parasites of North American freshwater fishes

    Contributor(s):: Brother George Paul

    This book is intended to serve as a manual for aiding in the identification of the freshwater fish parasites of North America. To this end an extensive key is given for each of the biological groups that have a notable number of fish parasites. In addition to this, there are sections devoted to...

  7. 2000 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report

    Cow/CalfAge of Calf at Weaning of Spring-Calving Beef Cows and the Effect on Production EconomicsSupplementing Metabolizable Protein to Yearling Heifers Grazing Winter RangeRefinement of the MGA/PGF Synchronization Program for Heifers Using a 19-Day PGF InjectionReplacement Heifer Development...

  8. Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds

    Contributor(s):: Milton Friend (editor), J. Christian Franson (editor)

    The “Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds” presents practical, current information and insights about wild bird illnesses and the procedures to follow when ill birds are found or epidemics occur. Section 1 of the Manual provides information about...

  9. Radio-telemetry and geographical information systems to assess urban deer zoonoses

    Contributor(s):: Karmen M. Hollis, Christopher L. Anchor, James E. Chelsvig, Dwayne R. Etter, J. P. Dubey

    Urban white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations can influence the epidemiology of many zoonotic diseases because they affect the distribution and abundance of pathogens and vectors. The risk of emerging zoonotic pathogens increases with human populations, as people have closer...

  10. Parasitic organisms in the blood of arvicoline rodents in Alaska

    Contributor(s):: Francis H. Fay, Robert L. Rausch

    A Grahamella-like organism (Schizomycetes: Bartonellaceae) was found in erythrocytes of laboratory-reared northern voles, Microtus oeconomus Pallas, which had been inoculated intraperitoneally with a saline suspension of ground fleas, Megabothris abantis (Roths.), from wild northern voles...

  11. The introduction and emergence of wildlife diseases in North America

    Contributor(s):: Robert G. McLean

    Following a period of success in controlling infectious diseases with new vaccines, global vaccination programs (smallpox and polio), antibiotics, and advanced treatments, especially in the United States during the 1960s to the early 1980s, an era of invading, emerging, and reemerging diseases...

  12. Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska. XXVII. The occurrence of larvae of trichinella spirals in Alaskan mammals

    Contributor(s):: Robert L. Rausch, B. B. Babero, Virginia R. Rausch, Everett L. Schiller

    In 1948 much interest in trichinosis in arctic regions was aroused, particularly by the findings of Thorborg et al. (1948), who investigated serious outbreaks occurring among the Eskimo of West Greenland during 1947. Consequently, with the founding of the Arctic Health Research Center in the...

  13. Zoonotic disease concerns in animal-assisted therapy and animal visitation programs

    Contributor(s):: David Waltner-Toews

    A survey was done of 150 systematically selected United States animal care agencies and 74 Canadian humane societies to determine the prevalence of animal assisted therapy (AAT) programs; concerns about, and experience with, zoonotic diseases; and precautions taken to prevent zoonotic disease...

  14. Toxocara and asthma

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elena Pinelli, Irma Van Die, Jan Dormans, C. V. Holland (editor), H. V. Smith (editor)

    The incidence of allergic diseases is increasing worldwide and although it is not clear how, several explanations, including exposure to infections, have been proposed (reviewed in Bresciani et al., 2005). Evidence from epidemiological studies suggests that infection with Toxocara worms...

  15. Management and treatment options for human toxocariasis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: C. V. Holland (editor), H. V. Smith (editor), Jean-Francois Magnaval, Larry Glickman

    Introduction:Human toxocariasis is a zoonosis caused by infective larvae of Toxocara canis (Beaver, 1956) or Toxocara cati (Nagakura et al., 1990). These ascarids are commonly found in the tissues (larvae) and intestinal tract (adult worms) of dogs and cats, respectively. Infection results from...