Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs
Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.
Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...
Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers
Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.
This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...
Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment
Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.
Owner personality and the wellbeing of their cats share parallels with the parent-child relationship
Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Ward, J., Farnworth, M. J., Mills, D. S.
Development and validation of the Canine Reward Responsiveness Scale -Examining individual differences in reward responsiveness of the domestic dog
| Contributor(s):: Gerencser, L., Bunford, N., Moesta, A., Miklosi, A.
Interspecific behavioural synchronization: dogs exhibit locomotor synchrony with humans
| Contributor(s):: Duranton, C., Bedossa, T., Gaunet, F.
Training Dogs to Feel Good: Embodying Well-being in Multispecies Relations
| Contributor(s):: Porter, N.
Understanding feline emotions: ... and their role in problem behaviours
| Contributor(s):: Heath, S.
Effects of Human Disturbance on Physiology, Behavior, and Ornamentation in the Eastern Bluebird
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Marjorie Gillespie
Overall, few studies have focused on anthropogenic disturbance on wildlife physiology. Research has typically focused on how environmentally contaminated areas or anthropogenic disturbance (e.g. noise, human activity) influences biodiversity, community structure and behavior of individual...
Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin
Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...
Helping Pet Owners Change Pet Behaviors: An Overview of the Science
| Contributor(s):: Strickler, B. G.
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
| Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
| Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams
| Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Responsiveness of beef cattle (Bos taurus) to human approach, novelty, social isolation, restraint and trade-offs between feeding and social companionship
| Contributor(s):: Hirata, M., Kubo, S., Taketomi, I., Matsumoto, Y.
Reproductive Endocrinology and Musth Indicators in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
| Contributor(s):: Duer, C., Tomasi, T., Abramson, C. I.
Reduced heart rate variability in pet dogs affected by anxiety-related behaviour problems
| Contributor(s):: Wormald, D., Lawrence, A. J., Carter, G., Fisher, A. D.
Application of functional analysis methods to assess human-dog interactions
| Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D.