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  1. Working with rather than against macaques during blood collection. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Training macaques to cooperate during blood collection is a practicable and safe alternative to the traditional procedure implying forced restraint. It takes a cumulative total of about 1 hr to train an adult female or adult male rhesus macaque successfully to present a leg voluntarily and accept...

  2. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  3. Effect of gestation management system on gilt and piglet performance

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manzanilla, E. G., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    Individual gestation housing of pregnant sows in stalls from four weeks after mating is banned in the EU. Two experiments were conducted to study the effect of two gestation management and housing systems (STALL: gilts housed in stalls and PEN: gilts loose-housed in pens with increased feed...

  4. Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity

    Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.

    Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...

  5. Acoustic signals of a dog and cat induce hemodynamic responses within the human brain

    Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kobayashi, A., Maruko, T., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of the human frontal cortex when listening to cat meows and dog barks, accompanied with a non-verbal pictorial using an affective rating system that assesses the dimensions of valence and arousal. Each participant (24 students; 12 females...

  6. Behavioral and cardiac responses by dogs to physical human-dog contact

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.

    Measures of behavioral responses and cardiovascular parameters to evaluate and assess animal well-being are well established. A major aspect of companion animal well-being seems to originate from direct human-animal interaction. For pet dogs, the manner in which they obtain and respond to petting...

  7. Contagious yawning, social cognition, and arousal: an investigation of the processes underlying shelter dogs' responses to human yawns

    Contributor(s):: Buttner, A. P., Strasser, R.

    Studies of contagious yawning have reported inconsistent findings regarding whether dogs exhibit this behavior and whether it is mediated by social-cognitive processes or the result of physiological arousal. We investigated why some dogs yawn in response to human yawns; particularly, whether...

  8. Daily rhythm of total activity pattern in domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus) maintained in two different housing conditions

    Contributor(s):: Piccione, G., Marafioti, S., Giannetto, C., Panzera, M., Fazio, F.

    Housing conditions and human presence have been shown to have an influence on daily amount of activity in herbivores. Only few studies on the behavior of cats and interactions between cat and human were conducted, and these few works are referred to cats housed in laboratories. At the same way,...

  9. Development of a novel paradigm for the measurement of olfactory discrimination in dogs ( Canis familiaris): a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGrath, C., McGreevy, P. D., Valenzuela, M. J.

    Olfactory dysfunction in older human beings has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, yet age-related changes in olfactory behavior have received little attention in the dog model of human aging. We developed an odor habituation and fine odor discrimination...

  10. The effect of breed on age-related changes in behavior and disease prevalence in cognitively normal older community dogs, Canis lupus familiaris

    Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGreevy, P. D., Sachdev, P. S., Valenzuela, M. J.

    Variation in breed longevity in the dog has led to the inference that large dogs age at a faster rate than small dogs, possibly because of an increased oxidative load. Potential differences in behavioral aging (the rate of age-related decline in cognito-behavioral performance) across breeds...

  11. The effects of drug detection training on behavioral reactivity and blood neurotransmitter levels in drug detection dogs: a preliminary study

    Contributor(s):: Riva, J., Marelli, S. P., Redaelli, V., Bondiolotti, G. P., Sforzini, E., Santoro, M. M., Carenzi, C., Verga, M., Luzi, F.

    The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of drug detection training on behavior and blood neurotransmitter levels in drug detection dogs so as to investigate some variables influencing dog reactivity and responsiveness to training. In all, 20 dogs were sampled out of the Guardia di...

  12. The effects of restriction of movement on the reliability of heart rate variability measurements in the horse ( Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Vitale, V., Balocchi, R., Varanini, M., Sgorbini, M., Macerata, A., Sighieri, C., Baragli, P.

    Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive approach for investigating the sympathovagal balance of the autonomic nervous system. In recent years, HRV has been increasingly evaluated in animal research. In horses, it has been suggested that basal resting conditions can be achieved...

  13. Why do people laugh during dog-human play interactions?

    Contributor(s):: Mitchell, R., Sinkhorn, K.

    Given that human laughter has been posited to signal playfulness to dogs, nonserious social incongruity, and positive affect, laughter should occur during incongruous contexts in an affectively positive, nonserious social activity such as dog-human play. A total of 116 laughs in relation to dogs...

  14. From The Brain To The Barrio: Energy And Stress Interact To Facilitate The Urbanization Of Sonoran Desert Birds.

    Contributor(s):: H.B. Fokidis, P. Deviche (adviser)

    The impact of urbanization on wildlife is becoming an important topic in conservation. However little is known concerning the proximate mechanisms involved which enable some species to persist in cities, while others perish. Adapting to novel city environments requires individuals to maintain a...

  15. Close human presence reduces avoidance behaviour in commercial caged laying hens to an approaching human

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, L. E., Coleman, G. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    The quality of human contact that hens are exposed to will determine the degree of fear of humans that they experience. This has consequences for the welfare of commercial laying hens, as hens that are afraid of humans will be regularly exposed to a fear-provoking stressor. Hens can be habituated...

  16. Differences in serotonin serum concentration between aggressive English cocker spaniels and aggressive dogs of other breeds

    Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Brech, S. le, Camps, T., Torrente, C., Mariotti, V. M., Ruiz, J. L., Manteca, X.

  17. Does the attachment system towards owners change in aged dogs?

    Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Carnier, P., Gabai, G., Adamelli, S., Marinelli, L.

  18. Effect of previous handling experiences on responses of dairy calves to routine husbandry procedures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Shepherd, H. M., Webster, J. R., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Schutz, K. E.

  19. Effects of the level of experience of horses and their riders on cortisol release, heart rate and heart-rate variability during a jumping course

    | Contributor(s):: Ille, N., Lewinski, M. von, Erber, R., Wulf, M., Aurich, J., Mostl, E., Aurich, C.

  20. Environmental enrichment and social rank affects the fear and stress response to regular handling of dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Pinal, R., Fuchs, K., Montaldo, H. H., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F.