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Tags: Animal physiology

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  1. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  2. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  3. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

  4. Responsiveness of beef cattle (Bos taurus) to human approach, novelty, social isolation, restraint and trade-offs between feeding and social companionship

    Contributor(s):: Hirata, M., Kubo, S., Taketomi, I., Matsumoto, Y.

  5. Reproductive Endocrinology and Musth Indicators in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)

    Contributor(s):: Duer, C., Tomasi, T., Abramson, C. I.

  6. Reduced heart rate variability in pet dogs affected by anxiety-related behaviour problems

    Contributor(s):: Wormald, D., Lawrence, A. J., Carter, G., Fisher, A. D.

  7. Application of functional analysis methods to assess human-dog interactions

    Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D.

  8. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  9. Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats ( Capra aegagrus hircus)

    | Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, S., Nurnberg, G., Puppe, B., Langbein, J.

    Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species-specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated because it...

  10. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  11. Human-domestic animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M., Fraser, A. F.

  12. Human-domestic animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M., Fraser, A. F.

  13. Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei

    Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...

  14. Energy intake and expenditure of improvised explosive device detection dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, S. P., Kutzner-Mulligan, J., Davis, M.

    Improvised explosive device detection (IDD) dogs explore up to 40 km of land daily and therefore have energetic demands that may be above the National Research Council's requirement for working dogs. This study was designed to quantify metabolic energy intake (MEI) and total energy expenditure...

  15. The relationship between individual behavioural styles, dominance rank and cortisol levels of cats living in urban social groups

    | Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Terkel, J.

    Individual animals show differences in temperament, often correlated with ecologically important behavioural patterns such as dominance, and with physiological responses to environmental perturbations, such as cortisol levels. Identifying these temperaments in animals may reveal adaptive patterns...

  16. Generalize or personalize--do dogs transfer an acquired rule to novel situations and persons?

    | Contributor(s):: Hertel, A., Kaminski, J., Tomasello, M.

  17. Jealousy in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Harris, C. R., Prouvost, C.

  18. Understanding feeding patterns in growing pigs by modelling growth and motivation

    | Contributor(s):: Boumans, I. J. M. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Hofstede, G. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    Feeding is an essential behaviour for body maintenance in pigs and closely related to their growth and productivity performance. Mechanisms underlying feeding behaviour in pigs are still unclear. Understanding these mechanisms can provide valuable insights into the complex interactions among...

  19. Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.

  20. Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...