A breeding goal to improve the welfare of sheep
Contributor(s):: Scobie, D. R., Bray, A. R., O'Connell, D.
This paper examines the practical and welfare implications of breeding a polled sheep with a short tail, devoid of wool on the head, legs, belly and breech, which has been proposed as a breeding goal (Scobie et al., Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animimal Production 57 (1997) 84-87)....
A brief history of animal law, Part I (1972-1987)
Contributor(s):: Tischler, J.
A brief history of animal law, Part II (1985-2011)
A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs
Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Mendl, M., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.
A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep
Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.
This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...
A comparison of the activity budgets of wild and captive Sulawesi crested black macaques ( Macaca nigra )
Contributor(s):: Melfi, V. A., Feistner, A. T. C.
One aim of environmental enrichment techniques is to replicate 'wild-like' behaviour in captivity. In this study, three captive troops of Sulawesi crested black macaques (M. nigra) in Chester, Jersey and Marwell Zoos, UK were each observed for 100 h in large naturalistic enclosures In May and...
A comparison of weaning techniques in farmed wapiti ( Cervus elaphus )
Contributor(s):: Haigh, J. C., Stookey, J. M., Bowman, P., Waltz, C.
A total of 21 wapiti calves, born between 24 May and 4 July were kept with their dams in a 5-ha paddock from 28 July to 28 August, after which they were moved to another field. On 5 September, they were weighed, divided into 2 groups (10 and 11 calves) and moved to a familiar paddock, adjacent to...
A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England
Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.
A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...
A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of lameness in finishing pigs, gilts and pregnant sows and associations with limb lesions and floor types on commercial farms in England
The prevalence and risks for abnormal gait in finishing pigs (Sus scrofa), gilts and pregnant sows from a representative cross-section of indoor and outdoor herds in the United Kingdom were investigated. The prevalence of abnormal gait in finishing pigs, maiden gilts, pregnant gilts and pregnant...
A note on enrichment for captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus )
Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha
Two enrichment techniques were devised with the aim of reducing stress and improving welfare for captive lion-tailed macaques in an Indian zoo. In Study A, a log, cotton ropes and a feeding basket were added to the enclosures in different combinations to provide structural and feeding enrichment...
A note on enrichment for spontaneous tool use by chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes )
Contributor(s):: Morimura, N.
In the wild, decisions as to "when", "where", and "how" an animal acts are made based on the individual's own choice; in contrast, the behaviour of wild animals in captivity may be under human control. To improve the physical and psychological well-being of captive animals, we should ensure that...
A note on indoor and outdoor housing preferences of common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus )
Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Kaplan, G., Rogers, L. J.
This study examined the preferences of six pairs of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) from the colony at the University of New England, Australia, between their home cage and either a large, enriched, indoor room or a smaller outdoor cage. When given free access to move between their home...
A note on the effect of auditory stimulation on the behaviour and welfare of zoo-housed gorillas
| Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Coleman, D., Challis, M. G.
Auditory stimulation has long been employed as a form of therapy for humans and animals housed in institutions. Its effect on one of our closest-living relatives, the gorilla, however, is largely unknown. This study explored the effect of auditory stimulation on the behaviour and welfare of six...
A note on the time budget and social behaviour of densely housed horses: a case study in Arab breeding mares
| Contributor(s):: Benhajali, H., Richard-Yris, M. A., Leroux, M., Ezzaouia, M., Charfi, F., Hausberger, M.
We observed a high-density herd (200 mares/ha) of 44 Arab breeding mares, while in a bare paddock in Tunisia. Twenty-minute animal focal samples and scan sampling were used to determine the time budget of the mares during the period from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. and study their social behaviour. The data...
A pilot investigation of Farm Assurance assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare as a confounding factor to training in pig welfare outcome measures
| Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.
The effect of Farm Assurance (FA) assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare on the inter-observer reliability of some welfare outcome measures achieved following training was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of the incorporation of some on-farm...
A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs
In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...
A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms
| Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.
The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...
A preliminary assessment of how zoo visitors evaluate animal welfare according to enclosure style and the expression of behavior
| Contributor(s):: Melfi, V. A., McCormick, W., Gibbs, A.
Visitors to zoos make judgements about animal welfare on the basis of what they see during their visit. There has been a considerable amount of research and debate surrounding the use of enclosure style and/or animal behavior to act as indicators of animal welfare. There are assumptions,...
A preliminary study investigating the physical welfare and welfare code compliance for tethered and free-ranging horses on common land in South Wales
| Contributor(s):: Samuel, E. K., Whay, H. R., Mullan, S.
A preliminary study on the utilization of an onboard watering system by horses during commercial transport
| Contributor(s):: Iacono, C. M., Friend, T. H., Johnson, R. D., Krawczel, P. D., Archer, G. S.
This study determined if slaughter horses would drink from an onboard watering system in a commercial semi-trailer, provided an estimate of how long water needed to be available, and determined if water consumption reduced weight loss. Three shipments to either Fort Worth or Morton, Texas of...