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Resources (1-20 of 1587)

  1. Humans, Horses, and Hybrids : On Rights, Welfare, and Masculinity in Equestrian Sports

    Contributor(s):: Kutte Jonsson

    The fact that horses play an essential role for equestrian sports raises rather specific ethical concerns. Questions like what should be morally permissible to do to (non-consenting) nonhumans for the sake of human interests become urgent. Is it not an example of (animal) rights violation to...

  2. Cecil: A Moment or a Movement? Analysis of Media Coverage of the Death of a Lion, Panthera leo

    Contributor(s):: David W. Macdonald, Kim S. Jacobsen, Dawn Burnham, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew J. Loveridge

    The killing of a satellite-tagged male lion by a trophy hunter in Zimbabwe in July 2015 provoked an unprecedented media reaction. We analyse the global media response to the trophy hunting of the lion, nicknamed “Cecil”, a study animal in a long-term project run by Oxford...

  3. Solving the Problem of Puppy Mills: Why the Animal Welfare Movement's Bark is Stronger than its Bite

    Contributor(s):: Kailey A. Burger

    The relationship between man and dog is one characterized by companionship, service, and love; but dogs serve a variety of functions beyond just "man‘s best friend." These companion animals provide valuable assistance to people with disabilities, in military and police service, in...

  4. Antimony: The Use, Rights, and Regulation of Laboratory Animals

    Contributor(s):: Brenda L. Thomas

    'In recent years, the problem, plight, and philosophy behind the use of animals in laboratories, schools, and industries has caused many to formulate an opinion on animal experimentation. It is simple to postulate a Monday morning quarterback philosophy - merely weigh the...

  5. Interviewer guides used in cruelty research

    Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.

    The following interviewer guides have been developed and used by the author in his research on animal abusers as well as on complainants and battered women whose animals have been abused.

  6. Influence of pet ownership on opinions towards the use of animals in biomedical research

    Contributor(s):: Hagelin, J., Johansson, B., Hau, J., Carlsson, H. E.

    The present study investigated the relationship between pet ownership and opinions on the use of animals in medical research. A questionnaire was answered by 484 schoolteacher students and 156 preschool teacher students from Uppsala University, Sweden [date not given]. Animal use was found to be...

  7. Myths used to legitimize the exploitation of animals: an application of Social Dominance Theory

    Contributor(s):: Hyers, L. L.

    Social Dominance Theory (SDT) is used as a framework for understanding human attitudes towards the use of animals. According to SDT, people high in Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) prefer a hierarchically stratified society and generate "legitimizing myths" to justify their privileges. To...

  8. Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.

    Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...

  9. Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.

    We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...

  10. Owning a dog and working: a telephone survey of dog owners and employers in Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Norling, A. Y., Keeling, L.

    Many dog owners are faced with the problem of what to do with their dog when they go to work. Different solutions to the problem may affect dogs, owners, and employers. In this study, 204 working, Swedish dog owners and 90 employers were interviewed by telephone regarding practical issues and...

  11. Scientists' assessment of the impact of housing and management on animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Anonymous

    A total of 22 scientists contributed to a consensus-oriented conceptual framework for assessment of farm animal welfare, addressing priority issues in cattle, pigs, and chickens. They used the Delphi method, in which participants contributed anonymously through e-mail. The framework puts welfare...

  12. Effect of work experience and position in the plow harness on some physiological parameters of horses under field conditions

    Contributor(s):: Aguirre, V., Orihuela, A.

    Six pairs of horses were studied during 6 consecutive days. One horse in each pair had working experience. The position of the 2 animals in the plough harness was alternated each day. Some physical and physiological parameters were measured at different stages during each work day. A split-plot...

  13. The use of cage enrichment to reduce male mouse aggression

    Contributor(s):: Ambrose, N., Morton, D. B.

    The complete cleaning of cages has been shown to reduce the level of intermale aggression in mice. This study investigated the effects of the addition of enrichment objects on post cage-cleaning aggression in male BALB/c mice. Enrichment objects were found to significantly reduce aggressive...

  14. Retreat space and human visitor density moderate undesirable behaviour in petting zoo animals

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Benne, M., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    This study focused on the relationship between nonhuman animal behaviour and environment - specifically, between the undesirable behaviour exhibited by domestic petting zoo animals in the presence of humans and the spatial design of the petting zoo environment. A spatial feature of a petting zoo...

  15. A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.

    This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...

  16. The use of dogs in medical and veterinary training: understanding and approaching student uneasiness

    Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.

    Although the educational use of dogs, both live and cadaverous, has declined in recent years in medical and veterinary schools, the practice still continues. The use of live dogs in U.S. medical education has dropped sharply during the last two decades. At present, the majority of such schools...

  17. Enclosure design and space utilization by Indian leopards ( Panthera pardus ) in four zoos in Southern India

    Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Qamar, Qureshi, Ravi, Chellam

    Enclosure design and the use of enclosure space influence the activity budget of captive leopards. The study laid out in grids all enclosures on the base map and segregated these grids into 4 zones. Every 5 min, the study recorded the proportion of time spent in these zones with the leopards'...

  18. Laboratory rodent welfare: thinking outside the cage

    Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J.

    This commentary presents the case against housing rats and mice in laboratory cages; the commentary bases its case on their sentience, natural history, and the varied detriments of laboratory conditions. The commentary gives 5 arguments to support this position: (a) rats and mice have a high...

  19. Effects of training on stress-related behavior of the common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus ) in relation to coping with routine husbandry procedures. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., McKinley, J., Smith, T. E.

    Using positive reinforcement, 12 common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were trained to provide urine samples on request. The marmosets were exposed to mildly stressful, routine husbandry procedures (i.e., capture and weighing). The non-human animals spent less time inactive poststressor as...

  20. The effects of chronic exposure to common bedding materials on the metabolic rate and overall health of male CD-1 mice

    Contributor(s):: Becker, C. E., Mathur, C. F., Rehnberg, B. G.

    Anecdotes and personal Web pages claim that cedar and pine beddings cause respiratory distress in rodents, although no previous research could be found to support these claims. There have, however, been published studies of respiratory distress in cedar and pine mill workers. That research links...