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All Categories (3101-3120 of 3169)

  1. Wildlife conservation and animal welfare: two sides of the same coin? (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Paquet, P. C., Darimont, C. T.

    Human activities deprive wild animals of their life requisites by destroying or impoverishing their surroundings, causing suffering of individuals. Yet, the notion that animal welfare applies to wildlife has escaped many animal welfarists and conservationists. A well-accepted and applied ethical...

  2. Wire-floor pens as an alternative to metallic cages in fattening rabbits: influence on some welfare traits

    Contributor(s):: Martrenchar, A., Boilletot, E., Cotte, J. P., Morisse, J. P.

    The possibility of improving the welfare of fattening rabbits by rearing them in pens instead of cages was investigated. Time budgets, locomotion, ear lesions, breaking strength of the femur and productivity were compared in fattening rabbits kept at the same stocking density (15 rabbits m-2)...

  3. Wounding rates in shooting foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Fox, N. C., Blay, N., Greenwood, A. G., Wise, D., Potapov, E.

    One-hundred-and-ninety-nine shooters in England, Wales and Scotland shot at fox-shaped targets in 35 shotgun regimes including .410 and 12 bore using No 6, BB or AAA shot sizes at 25, 40 or 60 yards, with open and full choke barrels, and skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled shooters. A further 16...

  4. Zebra finch behaviour and effect of modest enrichment of standard cages

    Contributor(s):: Jacobs, H., Smith, N., Smith, P., Smyth, L., Yew, P., Saibaba, P., Hau, J.

    Zebra finches are often housed in monogamous pairs in small barren cages. In the present study it was investigated whether modest enrichment resulted in behavioural changes. Four plywood box cages of 2 different lengths were compared. A small and a large cage were used for the barren environment....

  5. Zoomorphism and anthropomorphism: fruitful fallacies? (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Webster, J.

    Zoo- and anthropomorphism may both be scientific heresies but both may serve as a basis for thought (and real) experiments designed to explore our ability to assess quality of life as perceived by another sentient animal. Sentience, a major contributor to evolutionary fitness in a complex...

  6. An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.

    Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...

  7. Animal hygiene and animal welfare in the feed to food production chain

    Contributor(s):: Tielen, M.

    The field of animal hygiene includes the research and education about the interaction between the animal and its abiotic and biotic environment, especially focused on the health and welfare of animals and humans. Only for a few epidemic disease organisms is the safeguarding strategy required. For...

  8. Conceptualising animal abuse with an antisocial behaviour framework. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Gullone, E.

    This paper reviews current findings in the human aggression and antisocial behaviour literature and those in the animal abuse literature with the aim of highlighting the overlap in conceptualisation. The major aim of this review is to highlight that the co-occurrence between animal abuse...

  9. Countering brutality to wildlife, relationism and ethics: conservation, welfare and the 'ecoversity'. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Garlick, S., Matthews, J., Carter, J.

    Wildlife objectification and cruelty are everyday aspects of Australian society that eschew values of human kindness, empathy, and an understanding of the uniqueness and importance of non-human life in the natural world. Fostered by institutional failure, greed and selfishness, and the worst...

  10. Ethnographie de l'action de la bioéthique dans l'espace public : l'exemple de l'élevage des animaux à fourrure = Ethnography of bioethical action in the public arena : the example of the breeding of furred anima

    Contributor(s):: Milliet, Jacqueline

  11. From "animal machines" to "happy meat"? Foucault's ideas of disciplinary and pastoral power applied to 'animal-centred' welfare discourse. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other an

    Contributor(s):: Cole, M.

    Michel Foucault's work traces shifting techniques in the governance of humans, from the production of 'docile bodies' subjected to the knowledge formations of the human sciences (disciplinary power), to the facilitation of self-governing agents directed towards specified forms of self-knowledge...

  12. Silence and denial in everyday life - the case of animal suffering. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Wicks, D.

    How can we make sense of the fact that we live in a world where good people co-exist in silence about widespread animal suffering. How is it that sites of suffering such as laboratories, factory farms, abattoirs and animal transportation are all around us and yet we 'do not, in a certain sense,...

  13. The mirror has two faces: contradictory reflections of donkeys in Western literature from Lucius to Balthazar. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Bough, J.

    How we represent animals both reflects our attitudes towards them and affects our treatment of them. The donkey has lived alongside humans, bearing their burdens since the time of their domestication over 10,000 years ago. Despite this, they have invariably enjoyed a low status in human cultures,...

  14. Animal welfare teaching in the veterinary medicine and animal science programs: veterinary medicine

    Contributor(s):: Molento, C. F. M.

    It is essential today that veterinarians and animal scientists learn animal welfare basic concepts and their main applications. The objective of this review is to reflect on issues related to animal welfare teaching, with emphasis in the Brazilian context, discussing the challenges and...

  15. Animal welfare: concept and related issues - review

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M., Molento, C. F. M.

    Welfare is a word widely used by the public in many situations and its meaning is often not precise. However, an objective definition is needed if the concept is to be used scientifically and professionally. Moreover, welfare has to be defined in such a way that it can be readily related to other...

  16. Assessing the benefits of farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: McInerney, J. P.

    Concerns over declining farm animal welfare in the UK are associated to a large extent with the development of modern intensive systems introduced in the continuing pursuit of lower cost production. It seems to follow, therefore, that any restriction of these methods to benefit animals would mean...

  17. Caught between money and conscience. The influence of man-animal relationship on veterinary medicine

    Contributor(s):: Helbergen, W. van

  18. Coordination of French research on animal welfare: organisation and activities of AGRI animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Levy, F., Beaumont, C., Larrere, R., Dantzer, R.

    AGRIBEA was organized in 1999 to coordinate animal welfare research conducted by INRA (French Institute for Agronomy Research). Since then, AGRIBEA had expanded rapidly within and outside INRA and now had 128 members of which less than two thirds were from INRA, while the other members came from...

  19. Ethics and animal welfare in wild primates

    Contributor(s):: Oliveira, M. A. B. de

    The concept of 'ethics' is usually applied, among primates, to humans only. This article argues that it should also be applied to non-human primates. Brazil is the 'guardian' of the most rich and diverse - and threatened - fauna of non-human primates in the world. Of 103...

  20. Ethics of human-animal relationships

    Contributor(s):: Catsaras, M.