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All Categories (41-60 of 3109)

  1. A comparison of the use of resting platforms and nest boxes in growing farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Mononen, J., Korhonen, H., Harri, M., Kasanen, S.

    The use of the interior and roof of a nest box and the use of various types of resting platform were studied in 50 juvenile silver foxes of both sexes housed singly in traditional fox cages (length, 115 cm; width, 105 cm; height, 70 cm). The experiment was carried out from early July to the end...

  2. A comparison of three models for ethical evaluation of proposed animal experiments

    Contributor(s):: Buning, T. de C., Theune, E.

    Three recently developed and published schemes to evaluate the acceptability of proposed animal experiments are discussed and compared: the model developed at the request of the Dutch Veterinary Public Health Chief Inspectorate by the Department of Animal Problems of Leiden University (the...

  3. A comparison of weaning techniques in farmed wapiti ( Cervus elaphus )

    Contributor(s):: Haigh, J. C., Stookey, J. M., Bowman, P., Waltz, C.

    A total of 21 wapiti calves, born between 24 May and 4 July were kept with their dams in a 5-ha paddock from 28 July to 28 August, after which they were moved to another field. On 5 September, they were weighed, divided into 2 groups (10 and 11 calves) and moved to a familiar paddock, adjacent to...

  4. A comparison of wooden slats and straw bedding on the behaviour of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Gordon, G. D. H., Cockram, M. S.

    The behaviour of 2 groups of sheep was observed when they were placed in a pen on wooden slats and/or straw bedding for 48 h. When sheep were placed in the pen and not given a choice of slats and straw, the proportion of scans spent standing and lying by one group of sheep were not affected by...

  5. A complex automatic feeding system for pigs aimed to induce successful behavioural coping by cognitive adaptation

    Contributor(s):: Ernst, K., Puppe, B., Schon, P. C., Manteuffel, G.

    In modern intensive husbandry systems there is an increasing tendency for animals to interact with technical equipment. If the animal-technology interface is well-designed this may improve animal welfare by offering challenges for cognitive adaptation. Here a system and its application is...

  6. A concept of welfare based on reward evaluating mechanisms in the brain: anticipatory behaviour as an indicator for the state of reward systems

    Contributor(s):: Spruijt, B. M., Bos, R. van den, Pijlman, F. T. A.

    In this review we attempt to link the efficiency by which animals behave (economy of animal behaviour) to a neuronal substrate and subjective states to arrive at a definition of animal welfare which broadens the scope of its study. Welfare is defined as the balance between positive (reward,...

  7. A continuous-choice assessment of the domestic fowl's aversion to concurrent transport stressors

    Contributor(s):: MacCaluim, J. M., Abeyesinghe, S. M., White, R. P., Wathes, C. M.

    Characterization of the effect of transport on the welfare of fowl requires common currency methods that can compare the effects of diverse stressors using the same unit of measure. Aversion of broiler chickens (aged 42+or-1 days) to vibrational and thermal stressors was investigated in a...

  8. A critical review of animal experimentation: moral and practical problems, alternatives, and necessary changes

    Contributor(s):: Chen, Frances

  9. A critical review of electrical water-bath stun systems for poultry slaughter and recent developments in alternative technologies

    Contributor(s):: Shields, S. J., Raj, A. B. M.

    Prior to slaughter, most farmed birds move through a constant-voltage, multiple-bird, electrical water-bath stun system. Using this system subjects live birds to stressful and painful shackling, and the potential exists for them to receive prestun electric shocks and induction of seizures while...

  10. A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...

  11. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of lameness in finishing pigs, gilts and pregnant sows and associations with limb lesions and floor types on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    The prevalence and risks for abnormal gait in finishing pigs (Sus scrofa), gilts and pregnant sows from a representative cross-section of indoor and outdoor herds in the United Kingdom were investigated. The prevalence of abnormal gait in finishing pigs, maiden gilts, pregnant gilts and pregnant...

  12. A descriptive account of the pre-laying behaviour of hens housed individually in modified cages

    Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M., Nicol, C. J.

    Because incorporating nests into modified cages for laying hens might overcome some of the welfare concerns about conventional cages, the pre-laying behaviour of 24 hens housed singly in modified cages, each containing 2 nests was studied and compared with pre-laying behaviour reported previously...

  13. A Dubious Grail: Seeking Tort Law Expansion and Limited Personhood as Stepping Stones toward Abolishing Animals' Property Status

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Richard L Cupp Jr.

    Some grails are sought one piece at a time. The holy grail for many animal rights activists is abolishing animals' property status. This is an ambition befitting mythical grail status in its level of difficulty given current societal mores and values. It is too inconsistent with our...

  14. A dynamic approach to the study of environmental enrichment and animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Newberry, R. C., Estevez, I.

  15. A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.

  16. A first description of the physiological and behavioural responses to disbudding in goat kids

    | Contributor(s):: Alvarez, L., Gutierrez, J.

    In order to determine the stress response to disbudding, physiological and behavioural response was investigated in disbudded kids and compared with a control group. Disbudded kids (n=14), were disbudded by thermal cauterisation, and control kids (n=15) received the same management without being...

  17. A history of attitudes and behaviours toward animals in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain : anthropocentrism and the emergence of animals

    | Contributor(s):: Boddice, Rob

  18. A hypothetical strategy for the objective evaluation of animal well-being and quality of life using a dog model

    | Contributor(s):: Morton, D. B.

    In this paper I describe a hypothetical strategy for assessing poor and good welfare with the aim of making a judgement about an animal's quality of life. The concepts discussed here may also contribute to the notion of what makes 'a life worth living'. The strategy involves attributing scores to...

  19. A laser-based method for measuring thermal nociception of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Rushen, J., Colwell, D., Passille, A. M. de

    A method is described for measuring nociception in cattle using a CO2 laser aimed at the caudal aspect of the metatarsi. Four experiments were performed, involving 60 Holstein calves. In Experiment 1, infrared thermography showed that calves responded by lifting their legs when skin temperatures...

  20. A legal argument against animals as property

    | Contributor(s):: Hambrick, David