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The link between recurrent childhood animal cruelty and recurrent interpersonal violence
| Contributor(s):: Caleb E. Trentham
In the early 1960s, researchers began to examine the potential link between childhood animal cruelty and future interpersonal violence. Findings since then have been inconsistent in establishing a relationship between the two. This may be due to researchers failing to measure the recurrency of...
Effects of Human Disturbance on Physiology, Behavior, and Ornamentation in the Eastern Bluebird
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Marjorie Gillespie
Overall, few studies have focused on anthropogenic disturbance on wildlife physiology. Research has typically focused on how environmentally contaminated areas or anthropogenic disturbance (e.g. noise, human activity) influences biodiversity, community structure and behavior of individual...
The Ethics of Interspecies Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Joel Bignell
The Ethics of Interspecies Interactions. This report is written to inquire as to whether there are certain circumstances when bestiality is morally permissible. There may be a point where an animal has a sufficiently high degree of freedom and intelligence, among other things, to qualify as a...
Life vs. Unlife: Interspecies Solidarity and Companionism in Contemporary American Literature
| Contributor(s):: Barnaby McLaughlin
This dissertation explores the representations of interspecies relationships in contemporary American literature. In recent years, interdisciplinary attention, variously referred to under the umbrella categories of Posthumanism," "Human-Animal Studies," "Animality...
Being with Bees: An Anthropological Study on Human-Animal Relations in Southern Beekeeping
| Contributor(s):: Kori Nadine Armstrong
This thesis investigates the complex and dynamic communicative relationship between beekeepers and their managed honey bee colonies, providing insight into the relationship between bees, their stewards, and the interface between nature and culture. It also helps unravel the ways in which this...
The Dog in Roman Peasant Life
| Contributor(s):: Kyle deSandes-Moyer
Dogs have been a part of civilization for thousands of years and have maintained one of the closest animal relationships with humans that exist today. The following research seeks to understand this connection during antiquity. This study answers the question of what roles the dog filled during...
Development of a Dog-Assisted Activity Program in an Elementary Classroom
| Contributor(s):: Cinzia Correale, Lara Crescimbene, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli
Here we describe a pilot Dog-Assisted Activity program that was designed to improve wellbeing and social integration in a multi-cultural elementary classroom in which some episodes of bullying had been reported. We developed a 5-encounters protocol with the aim of introducing pet dogs into the...
Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study
| Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin
We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...
Social rivalry triggers visual attention in children with autism spectrum disorders
| Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, Yentl Gautier, Pauline Brugaillères, Inès Tiercelin, Carole Jacq, Marie-Claude Lebret, Martine Hausberger
Visual social attention is central to social functioning and learning and may act as a reinforcer. Social rivalry, which occurs when an individual is excluded from dyadic interactions, can promote interspecific learning by triggering attention. We applied it to an animal-assisted intervention,...
Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi
The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...
Evidence of Sexism and Male Privilege in the Animal Liberation/Rights Movement
| Contributor(s):: Lisa Kemmerer
Tom Regan: A Visionary Changing the World
| Contributor(s):: Carolyn Bailey
Animal Rights and Incredulous Stares
| Contributor(s):: Bob Fischer
I propose an analogy between the thesis that animals have rights and David Lewis's commitment to modal realism. I argue that just as Lewis received incredulous stares that seem to justify rejecting his metaphysical hypothesis, so the thesis that animals have rights can be reasonably...
The Contextual Cat: Human–Animal Relations and Social Meaning in Anglo-Saxon England
| Contributor(s):: Kristopher Poole
The growing popularity of relational approaches to agency amongst archaeologists has led to increased attention on the specific contexts of interaction between humans and their material worlds. Within such viewpoints, non-humans are perceived as agents in their own right and placed on an equal...
Empathy and Prosocial Behaviorists. Insights from Intra-and Inter-species Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Maria Elide Vanutelli, Michela Balconi
It has been suggested that "sharing the same body" between the observer and the observed subject allows for a direct form of understanding and emotional attuning by a process of simulation. Then, what happens when we don't have the same body? The aim of the present paper is to...
Gentling and welfare of lambs
| Contributor(s):: M Caroprese, L Taibi, V Franco, M Musto, A Muscio
Gentling e benessere dell’agnello. Al fine di valutare l’effetto delle cure dell’operatore sul benessere dell’agnello allattato artificialmente è stata effettuata una prova della durata di 7 settimane condotta su 64 agnelli di razza Comisana. Gli agnelli in...
Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States
| Contributor(s):: L. Guptill, C.-C. Wu, H. HogenEsch, L.N. Slater, N. Glickman, A. Dunham, H. Syme, L. Glickman
Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....
Review of Taming the Wild Horse: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Daoist Horse Taming Pictures
| Contributor(s):: Regina Swanson
This review of Louis Komjathy’s translation and interpretation of a 13th century set of illustrated poems places the work squarely within the emerging field of animal studies. Though essentially a map for Daoist monastic training, Komjathy notes that the Horse Taming Pictures, as he...
Review of Engel's and Comstocks The Moral Rights of Animals
| Contributor(s):: Mark Bernstein
A brief review of Engel's and Comstock's The Moral Rights of Animals.
Are Illegal Direct Actions by Animal Rights Activists Ethically Vigilante?
| Contributor(s):: Michael P. Allen, Erica von Essen
Constructed as terrorist, illegal direct actions by animal rights activists have become the subject of draconian law enforcement measures in the US and UK. Some scholars respond to this phenomenon by interpreting such actions to protect vulnerable animals not as terrorist but civilly...