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  1. Grief severity: A comparison between human and companion animal death

    Contributor(s):: Lavorgna, B. F., Hutton, V. E.

    Grief severity was investigated and compared amongst 50 participants aged 18 to 65 years who had experienced the death of a human (n = 35) or the death of a companion animal (n = 15). Participants were recruited in Australia and completed an on-line self-report questionnaire package, measuring...

  2. Equine-assisted interventions for veterans with service-related health conditions: a systematic mapping review

    Contributor(s):: Kinney, A. R., Eakman, A. M., Lassell, R., Wood, W.

    BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatments for service-related health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are not effective for all veterans. Equine-assisted interventions are emerging as an additional treatment modality, but little is...

  3. Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study

    Contributor(s):: Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...

  4. Complexities of Using Wild versus Captive Activity Budget Comparisons for Assessing Captive Primate Welfare

    Contributor(s):: Howell, Christian P., Cheyne, Susan M.

    Activity budget comparisons between groups or individuals in the wild and those in captivity are commonly used to determine the range of wild-type behaviors that nonhuman animals in captivity perform. These comparisons are conducted with the view that individuals displaying a greater range of...

  5. Baseline Knowledge of Potential Pet Toxins among the US General Public

    Contributor(s):: Young, Natalie, Royal, Kenneth, Lovee, Bryan, Davidson, Gigi

    In 2014, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty toAnimals Animal Poison Control Center fielded more than 167,000cases of potential nonhuman animal toxicosis. Concomitantly, thereremain limited free and reputable veterinary toxicology resourcesavailable for companion-animal (pet)...

  6. Relationships Between People with Cancer and Their Companion Animals: What Helps and Hinders

    Contributor(s):: Nitkin, Patricia, Buchanan, Marla J.

    This qualitative research project examined the impact of the relationships between persons with cancer and their companion animals. The goal of this study was to explore the helpful and unhelpful aspects of having a companion animal for people with cancer dealing with the emotional challenges...

  7. Human-Directed Empathy and Attitudes Toward Animal Use: A Survey of Spanish Veterinary Students

    Contributor(s):: Menor-Campos, David J., Knight, Sarah, Sánchez-Muñoz, Carolina, López-Rodríguez, Rocío

    Veterinary practitioners are thought of as guardians of animal health and wellbeing, and are considered important in the development of policies on animals. Measuring veterinary students’ attitudes toward animals and animal use is needed when assessing the effectiveness of education programs...

  8. Veterinary Students’ Beliefs About Animal Sentience: What Role Does Gender Play?

    Contributor(s):: Clarke, Nancy, Paul, Elizabeth S.

    Across a 15-year period, annual cohorts of first-year veterinary science students (n = 1,380; 77% female) at a British university completed the Belief in Animal Sentience (BiAS) questionnaire, in which they reported their beliefs about the sentience (capacity to feel) of ten species: dogs, cats,...

  9. (Un)Regulated Relations: An Ethnographic Perspective of Dog Ownership on Isla Mujeres, Mexico

    Contributor(s):: White, Paloma

    This paper examines the regulation and management of dogs in the Mexican municipality of Isla Mujeres. It shows how dogs, on Isla Mujeres, are managed under a neoliberal framework of a decentralized government which relies on the personal responsibility of citizens and the outsourcing of...

  10. How Ethical Ideologies Relate to Public Attitudes toward Animals: The Dutch Case

    Contributor(s):: Su, Bingtao, Martens, Pim

    Ethical ideologies, which include dimensions of idealism and relativism, are often involved in the process of decision-making regarding operational and economic research. However, the study of the role of ethical ideologies concerning public attitudes toward animals has been largely neglected....

  11. Belief in Animal Mind among Spanish Primary School Children

    Contributor(s):: Menor-Campos, David José, Hawkins, Roxanne, Williams, Joanne

    Beliefs concerning the mental experiences of nonhuman animals have been related to how people treat, see, and take care of nonhuman animals. Whereas this issue has been the subject of several studies on adults, few have been conducted with children. Taking advantage of a recently published scale,...

  12. Normalization, Social Bonding, and Emotional Support— A Dog’s Effect within a Prison Workshop for Women

    Contributor(s):: Minke, Linda Kjaer

    A fundamental tenet of the Danish Prison System is the principle of normalization, meaning that prisons are organized in such a way that the conditions within the walls more or less resemble the conditions outside them. When prison conditions differ as little as possible from normal daily life on...

  13. Integrating Concern for Animals into Personal Values

    Contributor(s):: Dietz, Thomas, Allen, Summer, McCright, Aaron M.

    Recent scholarship in human–animal relationships demonstrates that new theoretical insights emerge when these relationships are seriously considered. We suggest that the most prominent measures of values in the environmental decision-making research literature, the Schwartz approach, may not...

  14. Brief Unstructured Interaction with a Dog Reduces Distress

    Contributor(s):: Crossman, Molly K., Kazdin, Alan E., Knudson, Krista

    In 2013, 11% of the US population experienced serious psychological distress. This problem of psychological distress is exacerbated in colleges and universities, where more than half of students report experiencing moderate to severe depression. In spite of the prevalence of this psychological...

  15. Attitudes toward Animals among Kindergarten Children: Species Preferences

    Contributor(s):: Borgi, Marta, Cirulli, Francesca

    Attitudes toward animals are influenced by both animal traits (e.g., similarity to humans, aesthetic quality, size) and individual human attributes (e.g., gender, age, educational level, cultural factors). Although the examination of children's interest in animals, and their preference for...

  16. Undergraduate Biology Students’ Interpretations of the Term “Animal”

    Contributor(s):: Bierema, Andrea M. K., Schwartz, Renee S.

    Multiple definitions of the term “animal” exist. Definitions include the scientific definition of kingdom Animalia, the human-centered definition that excludes humans, and other definitions, such as only vertebrates or even only mammals. Due to their education background and interests,...

  17. The role of cultural norms in shaping attitudes towards amphibians in Cape Town, South Africa

    Contributor(s):: Brom, P., Anderson, P., Channing, A., Underhill, L. G.

    Urban ecosystems are increasingly viewed as an important component within strategies for wildlife conservation but are shaped as much by natural systems as they are by social and political processes. At the garden scale, attitudes and preferences govern design and maintenance choices including...

  18. A Proposal for a Comprehensive Human-Animal Approach of Evaluation for Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Contributor(s):: Lerner, H.

    Background: An important field of human-animal interactions is animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), which refers to research on human-animal interactions in order to promote or facilitate health or education in humans. Very few studies among the rich literature on AAIs seem to include aspects of...

  19. Improved Wellbeing for Both Caretakers and Users from A Zoo-Related Nature Based Intervention-A Study at Nordens Ark Zoo, Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Sahlin, E., Johansson, B., Karlsson, P. O., Loberg, J., Niklasson, M., Grahn, P.

    Nature-based interventions have been proposed to promote physical and mental health and give stress reduction. Little attention has been given to the potential of zoos for human health and wellbeing. A disadvantaged group in Sweden regarding access to nature are individuals with disabilities who...

  20. Horse Paleogenomes and Human-Animal Interactions in Prehistory

    Contributor(s):: Perry, G. H., Makarewicz, C. A.

    A new analysis of paleogenomic data from 278 ancient horses (Fages et al. Cellhttp://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049) finds that this animal - crucially important to many ancient and contemporary human societies for subsistence, transportation, conflict, and more - was domesticated in at least...