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  1. An evolutionary point of view of animal ethics

    Contributor(s):: Criscuolo, François, Sueur, Cédric

    The observation that animals may respond to the emotional states of conspecific or even heterospecific individuals is not new. After more than one century, the need to define what exactly non-human animals are able to feel and—from this starting point—rethink the legal status and place of animals...

  2. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  3. Effectiveness of the dog therapy for patients with dementia - a systematic review

    Contributor(s):: Klimova, B., Toman, J., Kuca, K.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia represents a mental and economic burden for both patients and their caregivers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy (AAT) with special focus on canis therapy among people with dementia, specifically Alzheimer's disease....

  4. Companion Dog Foster Caregiver Program for Older Veterans at the VA Maryland Health Care System: A Feasibility Study

    Contributor(s):: Ortmeyer, H. K., Robey, L. C.

    Veterans experience mental health conditions at a disproportionate rate compared to their civilian counterparts, and approximately 60% of older veterans who receive their care through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. We...

  5. City of Beasts: How Animals Shaped Georgian London. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2019. xviii + 310pp. 34 figures. Bibliography. £25.00 hbk. £30.00 ebk

    Contributor(s):: Taverner, Charlie

    Farm animals populate the next two sections: the cows and pigs reared within the built-up area, and the cattle and sheep driven into the heart of the city to be slaughtered. A recurrent theme of the book is the way in which urban growth actually increased interactions between animals and humans...

  6. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  7. Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology

    Contributor(s):: Monfort Montolio, M., Sancho-Pelluz, J.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...

  8. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  9. Elephant in the room: animal assisted interventions

    Contributor(s):: Ratschen, E., Sheldon, T. A.

    2019Bmj367l62600959-813810.1136/bmj.l6260engDepartment of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK elena.ratschen@york.ac.uk.Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.text

  10. Animal-assisted therapy for patients in a minimally conscious state: A randomized two treatment multi-period crossover trial

    Contributor(s):: Hediger, K., Petignat, M., Marti, R., Hund-Georgiadis, M.

  11. Friends with malefit. The effects of keeping dogs and cats, sustaining animal-related injuries and Toxoplasma infection on health and quality of life

    Contributor(s):: Flegr, J., Preiss, M.

  12. Rejections in an non-purpose bred assistance dog population: Reasons, consequences and methods for screening

    Contributor(s):: Bogaerts, E., Moons, C. P. H., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Peelman, L., Saunders, J. H., Broeckx, B. J. G.

  13. It's all about the sex, or is it? Humans, horses and temperament

    Contributor(s):: Fenner, K., Caspar, G., Hyde, M., Henshall, C., Dhand, N., Probyn-Rapsey, F., Dashper, K., McLean, A., McGreevy, P.

  14. A modest protective association between pet ownership and cardiovascular diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Contributor(s):: Yeh, T. L., Lei, W. T., Liu, S. J., Chien, K. L.

  15. Investigating risk factors that predict a dog's fear during veterinary consultations

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, P. T., Hazel, S. J., Browne, M., Serpell, J. A., McArthur, M. L., Smith, B. P.

  16. Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.

  17. Endoparasite infection hotspots in Estonian urban areas

    Contributor(s):: Tull, A., Moks, E., Laurimaa, L., Keis, M., Suld, K.

  18. Dogs in public spaces of Buenos Aires, Argentina: Exploring patterns of the abundance of dogs, the canine faecal contamination, the behaviour of people with dogs, and its relationships with demographic/economic variables

    Contributor(s):: Rubel, D., Carbajo, A.

  19. Does having a pet influence the physical activity of their young female owners?

    Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Dadova, K., Chaloupkova, H., Svobodova, I.

  20. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.