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  1. Characterizing Human–Dog Attachment Relationships in Foster and Shelter Environments as a Potential Mechanism for Achieving Mutual Wellbeing and Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, Monique A.R. Udell

    This study aimed to characterize attachment relationships between humans and dogs living in animal shelters or foster homes, and to contextualize these relationships in the broader canine attachment literature. In this study, 21 pairs of foster dogs and foster volunteers and 31 pairs of shelter...

  2. A Multi-Site Feasibility Assessment of Implementing a Best-Practices Meet-And-Greet Intervention in Animal Shelters in the United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alexandra Protopopova, Kelsea M. Brown, Nathaniel J. Hall

    Animal shelters must incorporate empirically validated programs to increase life-saving measures; however, altering existing protocols is often a challenge. The current study assessed the feasibility of nine animal shelters within the United States to replicate a validated procedure for...

  3. Musical Dogs: A Review of the Influence of Auditory Enrichment on Canine Health and Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Abigail M. Lindig, Paul D. McGreevy, Angela J. Crean

    Music therapy yields many positive health outcomes in humans, but the effects of music on the health and welfare of nonhuman animals vary greatly with the type of music played, the ethology of the species, and the personality and learning history of individual animals. One context in which...

  4. Environmental Recovery of Nosocomial Bacteria in a Companion Animal Shelter Before and After Infection Control Procedures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Horsman, Hester Rynhoud, Xiaoyan Zhou, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães, Justine S. Gibson, Erika Meler

    While the effects of cleaning and disinfection practices on the reduction of environmental nosocomial bacteria are well-established in human and large animal veterinary hospitals, how animal movements within animal health care facilities influence environmental bacterial recovery is poorly...

  5. Returning a Shelter Dog: The Role of Owner Expectations and Dog Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Lauren, Lee, Brittany, Reinhard, Chelsea L., Morris, Margaret, Satriale, Donya, Serpell, James, Watson, Brittany

    Millions of animals are adopted from animal shelters in the United States each year, although some are returned post-adoption, which can decrease both the animals’ chances of future adoptions and the owners’ willingness to adopt again. In this study, we investigated the impact of...

  6. Mental Health of Employees at a Canadian Animal Welfare Organization

    | Contributor(s):: Dunn, Jennifer, Best, Colleen, Pearl, David L., Jones-Bitton, Andria

  7. Are Underweight Shelter Dogs More Likely to Display Food Aggression toward Humans?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Emily D. Dolan, Victoria A. Cussen, Pamela J. Reid

    It is commonly believed that underweight or emaciated dogs are predisposed to food aggression toward humans. Each year, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) receives hundreds of dogs from criminal cruelty cases. The dogs range from emaciated to overweight. We...

  8. The Use of Trazodone Hydrochloride to Reduce Stress in Dogs During the Transition Period into a Municipal Animal Shelter: Impact on Incidence of Illness, Length of Stay, and Outcome

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Abrams

    A large municipal animal shelter in NYC gave dogs low doses of trazodone hydrochloride at the time of intake to evaluate its efficacy in reducing transitional stress. Statistically significant decreases in illness rate and length of stay and increase in adoption rate were observed in the dogs...

  9. The Effect of Play Group on the Behavior of Shelter Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Flower

    This study looked at two groups of dogs, one which attended play group prior to receiving their behavior evaluation and one that did not. The group that attended play group showed significantly lower scores when looking at the dog to dog portion of the behavior evaluation.

  10. A Leash on Life: An Exploratory Study on the Effects of a Shelter-Dog Walking Program for Veterans on Dogs’ Stress

    | Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erika, Krause-Parello, Cheryl A., Payton, Megan, Blanchard, Kelly, Storm, Asha, Barr, Erik, Gee, Nancy R.

  11. Early Recognition of Behaviour Problems in Shelter Dogs by Monitoring them in their Kennels after Admission to a Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Liam Clay, Mandy Paterson, Pauleen Bennett, Gaille Perry, Clive Phillips

    Canine behaviour assessments are commonly used in shelters to identify behaviour problems in dogs prior to adoption. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether kennel monitoring of dogs could identify early signs of behaviour problems, thereby facilitating early intervention and better...

  12. Cat management in an unregulated shelter environment: Relationship between care provision and cat health in Hong Kong

    | Contributor(s):: Kong, S. K., Watson, W., Ho, K. M., Farnworth, M. J.

  13. Compassion Fatigue Among Animal Shelter Volunteers: Examining Personal and Organizational Risk Factors

    | Contributor(s):: Jacobs, Jacquelyn, Reese, Laura A.

  14. Evaluating Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes in Conjunction with the Secure Base Effect for Dogs in Shelter and Foster Environments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, Monique A. R. Udell

    Although it is widely accepted that dogs and humans form attachment relationships, characterizing attachment styles in dogs has only recently received attention in the literature. Previous research has shown that pet dogs display patterns of behavior in an attachment test that can be classified...

  15. Population Characteristics of Cats Adopted from an Urban Cat Shelter and the Influence of Physical Traits and Reason for Surrender on Length of Stay

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Miller, Michael Ward, Julia A. Beatty

    Measures aimed at reducing the length of stay (LOS) of cats in shelters can promote animal welfare and more efficient use of resources. The extent to which variables shown to impact LOS are broadly applicable is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe a population of cats adopted from an...

  16. Characteristics and Adoption Success of Shelter Dogs Assessed as Resource Guarders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Betty McGuire

    Some domestic dogs aggressively guard resources. Canine resource guarding impacts public health through dog bites and a ects dog welfare through adoption and euthanasia policies at animal shelters. However, little is known about the demographic characteristics and adoption success of dogs...

  17. Socioeconomic Influences on Reports of Canine Welfare Concerns to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) in Queensland, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Human–dog relationships are an important contributor to the welfare of dogs, but little is known about the importance of socioeconomic status of the dogs’ owners. We conducted a retrospective study of canine welfare complaints, using Australian government statistics on the...

  18. Shelters Reflect but Cannot Solve Underlying Problems with Relinquished and Stray Animals—A Retrospective Study of Dogs and Cats Entering and Leaving Shelters in Denmark from 2004 to 2017

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Sandøe, Janne B.H. Jensen, Frank Jensen, Søren Saxmose Nielsen

    Data covering about 90% of the estimated intake of dogs and cats to Danish shelters from 2004 to 2017 were used to study the effects of tight control of dogs and of efforts to increase shelter services for unwanted or stray cats. During the period, there was a low and decreasing intake of dogs,...

  19. Toronto Humane Society's "Urgent Care" Temporary Fostering Program for Pet Owners Experiencing Crisis

    | Contributor(s):: Dillon Dodson

    Toronto Humane Society's "Urgent Care" Program:  Keeping Pets with their FamiliesIn March 2020, Toronto Humane Society launched our "Urgent Care" respite fostering program for pet owners experiencing a crisis rendering them temporarily unable to care for their...

  20. The Sleep of Shelter Dogs Was Not Disrupted by Overnight Light Rather than Darkness in a Crossover Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Houpt, Hollis N. Erb, Genaro A. Coria-Avila

    Dogs in shelters may be unattended at night. The purpose of this study is to describe the night-time behavior of dogs in a shelter and to determine if artificial light affected their sleeping patterns. Ten dogs were video-recorded under both light and dark conditions and their behavior recorded...