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  1. Behind the Scenes

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Frania Shelley-Grielen

    In the first of a four-part article, Frania Shelley-Grielen addresses the lack of regulation in the pet care and services industry, and wonders how standards can be improved for pets and their ownersAmericans love pets. We love them so much that most of us, or 68 percent of us, live with...

  2. So You Have A Dog?

    Contributor(s):: Donald Irwin Craig

      So You Have a Dog? © Donald I. Craig, Jr., 2014 “We have had civilizations without horses and even civilizations without the wheel, but never civilizations without dogs.  No dogs, no humanity.” – Piero Scanziani, Italian...

  3. A Comparison of Cats (Felis silvestris catus) Housed in Groups and Single Cages at a Shelter: A Retrospective Matched Cohort Study

    Contributor(s):: Malini Suchak, Jacalyn Lamica

    When cats are relinquished to shelters, they frequently experience a great deal of stress. Shelters often try to control certain aspects of their environment, such as housing, to help them relax. Some cats are placed in small group rooms upon entry, whereas others are placed in single cages....

  4. The Impact of Excluding Food Guarding from a Standardized Behavioral Canine Assessment in Animal Shelters

    Contributor(s):: Heather Mohan-Gibbons, Emily D Dolan, Pamela Reid, Margaret R Slater, Hugh Mulligan, Emily Weiss

    Many shelters euthanize or restrict adoptions for dogs that exhibit food guarding while in the animal shelter. However, previous research showed that only half the dogs exhibiting food guarding during an assessment food guard in the home. So, dogs are often misidentified as future food guarders...

  5. Surrenderers' Relationships with Cats Admitted to Four Australian Animal Shelters

    Contributor(s):: Sarah Zito, Mandy Paterson, John Morton, Di Vankan, Pauleen Bennett, Jacquie Rand, Clive J.C. Phillips

    The surrender of cats to animal shelters results in financial, social and moral burdens for the community. Correlations of caretaking and interactions with surrendered cats were calculated, to understand more about humans’ relationships with surrendered cats and the contribution of...

  6. A Case Study in Citizen Science: The Effectiveness of a Trap-Neuter-Return Program in a Chicago Neighborhood

    Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    The use of trap-neuter-return (TNR) as a method of managing free-roaming cat populations has increased in the United States in recent decades. Historically, TNR has been conducted most often at a grassroots level, which has led to inconsistent data collection and assessment practices....

  7. Attitudes of Veterinary Teaching Staff and Exposure of Veterinary Students to Early-Age Desexing, with Review of Current Early-Age Desexing Literature

    Contributor(s):: Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming

    Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5–6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth...

  8. PAWS Shelter of Central Texas' Canines Who Care Program

    Do you know a group of people in need of some cuddly companionship? Meet our Canines Who Care! This wonderful team of dogs, and their handlers, are on a mission to make you smile. If you’re interested in having one of our Canines Who Care team members visit your organization or if you can...

  9. Using Free Adoptions to Reduce Crowding and Euthanasia at Cat Shelters: An Australian Case Study

    Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Joseph B. Fontaine, Michael C. Calver

    Many healthy adult cats are euthanised annually in shelters, and novel approaches are required to reduce euthanasia rates. Waiving adoption fees is one such approach. However, concerns that less responsible owners will be attracted to free events persist among welfare groups. We evaluated...

  10. Characteristics and Outcomes of Dogs Admitted into Queensland RSPCA Shelters

    Contributor(s):: Megan Hemy, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Mandy Paterson

    Over 200,000 stray and surrendered dogs are admitted to shelters and municipal facilities in Australia each year, and approximately 20% are euthanized. Contemporary, comprehensive data on the characteristics and outcomes of dogs entering shelters are required to reduce shelter admissions and...

  11. Stated Preferences for Dog Characteristics and Sources of Acquisition

    Contributor(s):: Courtney Bir, Nicole J. Olynk Widmar, Candace C. Croney

    People’s preferences for where they acquire dogs and the characteristics they focus on may provide insight into their perceptions of socially responsible pet ownership, as acquiring a dog is the first step in dog ownership. An online survey of 1523 U.S. residents was used to aid...

  12. White Blood Cell Counts, Parasite Prevalence, and Plasma Cortisol Levels of Dogs in a County Animal Shelter: Changes over Days and Impact of a Program of Repeated Human Interaction

    Contributor(s):: Emily S. Dudley

    Animal shelter housing is highly stressful for a dog, compromising welfare and leading to undesirable behaviors and unknown health consequences. We documented the changes in circulating numbers of white blood cells, plasma cortisol, and fecal parasite shedding of dogs housed for 10 days at a...

  13. Effects of Sheltering on Behavior and Fecal Corticosterone Level of Elderly Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Katsuji Uetake, Chu Han Yang, Aki Endo, Toshio Tanaka

    In Japan, the human population is aging rapidly, and the abandonment of dogs by the elderly people who have died or been hospitalized becomes a problem. It is hypothesized that elderly dogs have difficulty adapting to the novel circumstances when brought to an animal shelter. Therefore, the...

  14. Pit Bulls Today

    Contributor(s):: Hannah Nation

    The motivation for this research paper is to shed a new light on the drastic effects negative stereotypes have on breeds that are deemed aggressive in the media and public’s eye. It’s important to understand the full scope of the situation in our society and the consequences that come...

  15. Companion animals as being-objects: the role of the self/other binary in the human-animal bond

    Contributor(s):: Amanda Kelly Reed

    This research project is an investigation into the human-dog bond and the practice of pet adoption and pet surrender at the East Baton Rouge Parish Animal Control Center. The human-dog bond is an excellent vehicle for an investigation into how we create categories of other because it is a highly...

  16. Shelter Dog Behavior Improvement: Dog Walking as Enrichment

    Contributor(s):: Rebecca A Johnson, Charlotte McKenney, Sandra McCune

    Background: Several million dogs are euthanized in animal shelters annually after multiple relinquishment reasons (Scarlett, 2002; Salman, 1998; New, 2000 & Kass, 2001). Gains in pet adoptions are happening via shelter enrichment programs. We hypothesized that shelter dogs participating in a...

  17. Walk A Hound, Lose A Pound, & Stay Fit for Seniors

    Contributor(s):: Rebecca Ann Johnson, Charlotte McKenney, Sandra McCune

    Background: Obesity rates in older adults are linked with the national problem of limited physical activity (PA), resulting in chronic illness. Obesity-related illness and functional loss require innovative interventions. Older adult dog walkers maintained physical functioning over a 3 year...

  18. Investigating Attachment Behavior in Shelter Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Anamarie Johnson

    The strength and nature of the social connection between humans and dogs is a product of a long history of domestication. This study, conducted at a municipal shelter in Northern California using a modified Strange Situation Test, investigated the hypothesis that human-dog interactions will...

  19. Summarizing Research on Companion Animal Population Dynamics and Control Practices, and Exploring Factors Impacting Dogs' Time to Adoption in a Shelter System

    Contributor(s):: Aileigh Kay

    A scoping review was conducted to identify all globally published literature investigating population dynamics and control practices of companion animals. There were 7810 unique citations initially identified, 869 articles (450 primary research and 419 reviews) were confirmed relevant. Most...

  20. Public Policy: Community Safety Through Breed Bans?

    Contributor(s):: Deirdre S. Franklin

    The research performed provided several insights and outcomes that were anticipated in the research question. By analyzing the effects of breed specific legislation (BSL) and the statistics relative to dog bites, dog shelters and rescue groups, it became clear that the BSL does not work. This...