Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Good Management Practice for Animal Handling and Stunning
Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
These guidelines are a supplement to the 1991 Recommended Animal Handling Guideline for Meat Packers. The main emphasis of this guide is on the use of a welfare performance standards which can be objectively scored instead of specifying equipment design or practices. Scoring procedures for...
The Welfare of pigs during Transport and Slaughter
To maintain a high standard of animal welfare during the transportation and slaughter of pigs requires both the proper equipment and supervision of employees. The use of numerical scoring of handling and stunning can help maintain high standards because it will enable management to determine...
Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
Assessment of key parameters for gunshot used on cattle: a pilot study on shot placement and effects of diverse ammunition on isolated cattle heads
Contributor(s):: Schiffer, K. J., Retz, S. K., Richter, U., Algers, B., Hensel, O.
There have been many improvements regarding transport conditions, pre-slaughter handling, and captive-bolt stunning of cattle at commercial abattoirs, but many challenges still exist. Animals unaccustomed to human-animal contact, such as free-range beef cattle, may be especially difficult to...
Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetised cattle
Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Cakebread, P. L., Mellor, D. J., Johnson, C. B.
Humane slaughter implies that an animal experiences minimal pain and distress before it is killed. Stunning is commonly used to induce insensibility but can lead to variable results or be considered unsatisfactory by some religious groups. Microwave energy can induce insensibility in rats, and...
A critical review of electrical water-bath stun systems for poultry slaughter and recent developments in alternative technologies
Contributor(s):: Shields, S. J., Raj, A. B. M.
Prior to slaughter, most farmed birds move through a constant-voltage, multiple-bird, electrical water-bath stun system. Using this system subjects live birds to stressful and painful shackling, and the potential exists for them to receive prestun electric shocks and induction of seizures while...
A veterinary and behavioral analysis of dolphin killing methods currently used in the "drive hunt" in Taiji, Japan
Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Brakes, P., Vail, C. S., Reiss, D.
Annually in Japanese waters, small cetaceans are killed in "drive hunts" with quotas set by the government of Japan. The Taiji Fishing Cooperative in Japan has published the details of a new killing method that involves cutting (transecting) the spinal cord and purports to reduce time to death....
Handling and welfare of bovine livestock at local abattoirs in Bangladesh
Contributor(s):: Murshidul, Ahsan, Hasan, B., Algotsson, M., Sarenbo, S.
The World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) allows rope casting and the tying of legs for nonhuman animal slaughter without stunning. The handling and welfare of bovine livestock ( Bos indicus and Bubalus bubalis) were studied in 8 local abattoirs in 5 districts of Bangladesh. A total of 302...
Penetrating captive bolt stunning and exsanguination of cattle in abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Gregory, N., Shaw, F.
Abattoirs commonly use penetrating captive bolt pistols to stun cattle. Humane slaughter requires that an animal immediately becomes unconscious and does not regain consciousness. In this review we consider the concepts of concussion, unconsciousness, and return to consciousness. We conclude that...
Using conjoint analysis to weight broiler welfare variables based on slaughterhouse data
Contributor(s):: Tuunainen, P., Valaja, J., Valkonen, E., Hepola, H.
The Council of the European Union adopted the welfare directive for broiler chickens in 2007 (Commission of the European Communities, 2007). The directive defines minimum demands and objectives for broiler production ranging from stocking density to welfare. This study found that the level of...
Using data collected for production or economic purposes to research production animal welfare: an epidemiological approach
Contributor(s):: Dewey, C., Haley, C., Widowski, T., Friendship, R., Sunstrum, J., Richardson, K.
Epidemiologists use the analyses of large data sets collected for production or economic purposes to research production nonhuman animal welfare issues in the commercial setting. This approach is particularly useful if the welfare issue is rare or hard to reproduce. However, to ensure the...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
Killing non-human animals in video games: A study on user experience and desensitization to violence aspects
Contributor(s):: Chittaro, Luca, Sioni, Riccardo
Assessment of stun quality at commercial slaughter in cattle shot with captive bolt
Contributor(s):: Atkinson, S., Velarde, A., Algers, B.
Bruises in culled cows: when, where and how are they inflicted?
Contributor(s):: Strappini, A. C., Metz, J. H. M., Gallo, C., Frankena, K., Vargas, R., Freslon, I. de, Kemp, B.
Does short-term road transport affect the locomotion score of dairy cows?
Contributor(s):: Thomsen, P. T., Sorensen, J. T.
Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.