The Animal Welfare Act at Fifty: Problems and Possibilities in Animal Testing Regulation
| Contributor(s):: Courtney G. Lee
How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?
| Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.
Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...
Moral "lock-in" in responsible innovation: the ethical and social aspects of killing day-old chicks and its alternatives
| Contributor(s):: Bruijnis, M. R. N., Blok, V., Stassen, E. N., Gremmen, H. G. J.
The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two alternative directions of responsible innovations to solve this issue. The following research questions are...
Antimony: The Use, Rights, and Regulation of Laboratory Animals
| Contributor(s):: Brenda L. Thomas
'In recent years, the problem, plight, and philosophy behind the use of animals in laboratories, schools, and industries has caused many to formulate an opinion on animal experimentation. It is simple to postulate a Monday morning quarterback philosophy - merely weigh the...
Laboratory Animal Act: A Legislative Proposal
| Contributor(s):: David Favre
In one recent experiment, mongrel dogs were anesthetized after which thirty-five percent of their body was burned to the third degree by the application of a two hundred degree centigrade hot plate to their skin.' In 1983, researchers at the New Jersey Medical School...
Two Strategies for Landmine Detection by Giant Pouched Rats
| Contributor(s):: Alan Poling, Christophe Cox, Bart Weetjens, Negussie Beyene, Andrew Sully
This article compares the performance of Giant African Pouched Rats under two different management systems, both appropriate for mine-detection operational use. Employing International Mine Action Standards for accreditation, the researchers outline the process of conditioning and testing these...
A study of three IACUCs and their views of scientific merit and alternatives
| Contributor(s):: Graham, K.
Two ethical issues facing Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) today are assessing scientific merit and the use of alternatives in research proposals. This study evaluated 3 IACUCs using a 19-question survey, with a 77.8% response rate. Although 76% of members answered that...
Animal experimentation in cancer research: a citation analysis
| Contributor(s):: Dagg, A. I.
Cancer research involves the use of millions of nonhuman animals and billions of dollars in public funds each year, but cures for the disease remain elusive. This article suggests ways to reduce the use of animals and save money by identifying articles that garnered few citations over the 9 years...
Validation and Use of the Animal Thematic Apperception Test (ATAT)
| Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erika, Lockwood, Randall
There are several contexts in which it is desirable to know how individuals perceive animals. However, most people describe these feelings with little precision. Several scales are useful for assessing attitudes toward individual animals of people who currently own or have owned pets. These...
Humane education : animals and alternatives in laboratory classes : aspects, attitudes, and implications
| Contributor(s):: Pedersen, Helena
Report of an ISRTP Workshop: Progress and barriers to incorporating alternative toxicological methods in the US
| Contributor(s):: Becker, R. A., Borgert, C. J., Webb, S., Ansell, J., Amundson, S., Portier, C. J., Goldberg, A., Bruner, L. H., Rowan, A., Curren, R. D., Stott, W. T.
Safety testing of chemicals with a high likelihood of humans being exposed to them is a reasonable public health policy
| Contributor(s):: Griffin, G., Lusis, P., Rollin, B. E.
Alternatives - a kaleidoscope of perspectives
| Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N.
Alternatives: a socio-political commentary from the USA
| Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N., Andrutis, K. A.
Alternatives: Interaction between science and animal welfare
Biology teachers' attitudes to dissection and alternatives
| Contributor(s):: King, L. A., Ross, C. L., Stephens, M. L., Rowan, A. N.
Ethical review and the animal care and use committee [Animals, science, and ethics -- Section IV.]
FRAME: the early days. (Special Issue: Animal experimentation and the Three Rs: past, present, and future.)
Looking back 33 years to Russell and Burch: the development of the concept of the three Rs (alternatives)
Possibilities for refinement and reduction: future improvements within regulatory testing
| Contributor(s):: Stephens, M. L., Conlee, K., Alvino, G., Rowan, A. N.