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Tags: Animal welfare

All Categories (1-20 of 6888)

  1. Changes Associated with Improved Outcomes for Cats Entering RSPCA Queensland Shelters from 2011 to 2016

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caroline Audrey Kerr, Jacquie Rand, John Murray Morton, Ronelle Reid, Mandy Paterson

    The aim of this study was to identify changes that contributed to the markedly improved live release of cats in Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Queensland shelters by comparing data from 2011 and 2016. Admission numbers were similar in these two years. The number...

  2. Tail Docking of Canine Puppies: Reassessment of the Tail's Role in Communication, the Acute Pain Caused by Docking and Interpretation of Behavioural Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David J Mellor

    Laws, regulations and professional standards increasingly aim to ban or restrict non-therapeutic tail docking in canine puppies. These constraints have usually been justified by reference to loss of tail participation in communication between dogs, the acute pain presumed to be caused during...

  3. International Animal Protection Society Leadership: The Right People for the Right Issues

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michelle Sinclair, Clive J.C. Phillips

    As the increasing body of scientific information about the experiences of other species and their ability to suffer becomes available to those working within the field of animal welfare, the amount of potential issues to address also increases. Carefully choosing issues to address, and indeed...

  4. Post-Adoption Problem Behaviours in Adolescent and Adult Dogs Rehomed through a New Zealand Animal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M. Carolyn Gates, Sarah Zito, Julia Thomas, Arnja Dale

    Problem behaviours in dogs rehomed through animal shelters can jeopardise the long-term success of adoptions if not correctly managed. Data from 61 adolescent and adult dog adoptions that occurred through an animal shelter in Auckland, New Zealand, was analysed to identify the most common...

  5. The Sheltering of Unwanted Cattle, Experiences in India and Implications for Cattle Industries Elsewhere

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Uttara Kennedy, Arvind Sharma, Clive J.C. Phillips

    Reverence for the cow has been a centerpiece of Hindu culture, the roots of which can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization around 3000 BCE. Historical and anthropological literature demonstrates how over the millennia the animal’s status as a religious symbol steadily increased...

  6. Dog Population & Dog Sheltering Trends in the United States of America

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrew Rowan, Tamara Kartal

    The pet overpopulation problem in the United States has changed significantly since the 1970s. The purpose of this review is to document these changes and propose factors that have been and are currently driving the dog population dynamics in the US. In the 1960s, about one quarter of the dog...

  7. Should the Endangered Status of the Giant Panda Really Be Reduced? The Case of Giant Panda Conservation in Sichuan, China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ben Ma, Shuo Lei, Qin Qing, Yali Wen

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) reduced the threat status of the giant panda from “endangered” to “vulnerable” in September 2016. In this study, we analyzed current practices for giant panda conservation at regional and local environmental...

  8. Assessment of a Targeted Trap-Neuter-Return Pilot Study in Auckland, New Zealand

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Zito, Glenn Aguilar, Shalsee Vigeant, Arnja Dale

    There is a need for effective and humane management tools to manage urban stray cats and minimise negative impacts associated with stray cats. One such tool is targeted trap-neuter-return (TTNR), but no concerted implementation of this technique or formal assessments have been reported. To...

  9. Application of a Protocol Based on Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) to Manage Unowned Urban Cats on an Australian University Campus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Helen Swarbrick, Jacquie Rand

    In Australia, management of the unowned urban cat population is a continuing challenge. This is because the numbers of cats culled in trap-and-kill programs are inadequate to balance the breeding rate of the remaining cats, and also because of immigration of sexually active cats from...

  10. Factors Associated with High Live Release for Dogs at a Large, Open-Admission, Municipal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek, Abbi Crowe

    Better understanding of factors contributing to live release (rehoming) may help shelters improve outcomes. In this study, data were analyzed for all dogs (n = 21,409) admitted over a two-year period for the primary purpose of rehoming at a high-volume, open-intake municipal shelter performing...

  11. The Impact of an Integrated Program of Return-to-Field and Targeted Trap-Neuter-Return on Feline Intake and Euthanasia at a Municipal Animal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel D Spehar, Peter J Wolf

    Available evidence indicates that overall levels of feline intake and euthanasia at U.S. shelters have significantly declined in recent decades. Nevertheless, millions of cats, many of them free-roaming, continue to be admitted to shelters each year. In some locations, as many as 70% of cats,...

  12. Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Judith Stella, Moriah Hurt, Amy Bauer, Paulo Gomes, Audrey Ruple, Alan Beck, Candace Croney

    Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult...

  13. "Pets Negotiable": How Do the Perspectives of Landlords and Property Managers Compare with Those of Younger Tenants with Dogs?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taryn M. Graham, Katrina J. Milaney, Cindy L. Adams, Melanie J Rock

    In rental housing policy, pets are rarely considered as valued household members. Instead, landlords and property managers are often permitted to ban pets outright, or to advertise them as merely negotiable in their listings for rental housing. In fact, previous research has shown that moving...

  14. Factors Informing Outcomes for Older Cats and Dogs in Animal Shelters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sloane Hawes, Josephine Kerrigan, Kevin Morris

    Historically, older cats and dogs have been particularly at-risk for euthanasia in animal shelters due to their lower perceived appeal for adoption. This study found that the condition at intake had the greatest impact on the outcomes of older cats and dogs. Additionally, the application of...

  15. Using the Five Domains Model to Assess the Adverse Impacts of Husbandry, Veterinary, and Equitation Interventions on Horse Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fielder, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones

    The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional...

  16. A Template Analysis of Intimate Partner Violence Survivors' Experiences of Animal Maltreatment: Implications for Safety Planning and Intervention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth A. Collins, Anna M. Cody, Shelby Elaine McDonald, Nicole Nicotera, Frank R. Ascione, James Herbert WIlliams

    This study explores the intersection of intimate partner violence (IPV) and animal cruelty in an ethnically diverse sample of 103 pet-owning IPV survivors recruited from community-based domestic violence programs. Template analysis revealed five themes: (a) Animal Maltreatment by Partner as a...

  17. The welfare of ornamental fish in the home aquarium

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Walster, Ellen Rasidi, Nick Saint-Erne, Richmond Loh

  18. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Cat Care and Needs Scale (CCANS)

    | Contributor(s):: Mikel M Delgado, Gretchen M. Reevy

    The objective of this study was to develop a brief scale, primarily intended for research applications, that measures how well people report meeting the welfare needs of their pet cats. The practice of keeping cats as a companion animal has increased, and despite their popularity, many cats...

  19. Adoption and relinquishment interventions at the animal shelter: a review

    | Contributor(s):: A. Protopopova, L.M. Gunter

  20. The Sociology of Animal Crime: An Examination of Incidents and Arrests in Chicago

    | Contributor(s):: Keri Burchfield

    This study seeks to sociologically examine the patterns of animal crime in one large American city. Using Chicago Police Department animal crimes data, this research analyzes the types of crimes perpetrated, characteristics related to animal crime, and patterns of arrest. Findings indicate that...