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  1. Free Mate Choice Enhances Conservation Breeding in the Endangered Giant Panda

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meghan S. Martin-Wintle, David Shepherdson, Guiquan Zhang, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Xiaoping Zhou, Rengui Li, Ronald R. Swaisgood

    Conservation breeding programmes have become an increasingly important tool to save endangered species, yet despite the allocation of significant resources, efforts to create self-sustaining populations have met with limited success. The iconic giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) embodies the...

  2. A One Health Research Framework for Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karin Hediger, Andrea Meisser, Jakob Zinsstag

    Background: The integration of animals into healthcare, referred to as animal-assisted intervention, is a rapidly growing research field and was previously related to One Health. However, the assessment of synergistic effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) has been poorly addressed to...

  3. Brexit and Animal Protection: Legal and Political Context and a Framework to Assess Impacts on Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steven P. McCulloch

    The British people voted to leave the European Union (EU) in a 2016 referendum. The United Kingdom (UK) has been a member of the EU since the Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1993 and before that a member of the European Communities (EC) since 1973. EU animal health and welfare regulations and...

  4. Efforts to Ban the Routine Tail Docking of Pigs and to Give Pigs Enrichment Materials via EU Law: Where Do We Stand a Quarter of a Century on?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elena Nalon, Nancy De Briyne

    In its role as guardian of the Treaties, the European Commission must ensure that Member States enforce EU law within their territories. If adequate enforcement is found to be wanting, the Commission also has the power to take infringement procedures as a corrective measure. The case of...

  5. Lameness in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Cow and Shelter Attributes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Clive J. C. Phillips

    The sheltering of old, unproductive and abandoned cows in traditional cow shelters, known as gaushalas, has been practiced in India since ancient times. Cows are kept in these shelters until they die of natural causes. The welfare of the cows in these shelters was assessed through a...

  6. Effect of Pets on Human Behavior and Stress in Disaster

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aki Tanaka, Jun Saeki, Shin-ichi Hayama, Philip H. Kass

    Animal-related consequences were not anticipated in disaster preparedness planning in Japan at the time of its massive earthquakes in 2011. Evacuation failure was quite common due to pet ownership in this disaster. Public attention to the welfare of affected animals in this disaster triggered an...

  7. One Health Surveillance: A Matrix to Evaluate Multisectoral Collaboration

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marion Bordier, Camille Delavenne, Dung Thuy Thi Nguyen, Flavie Luce Goutard, Pascal Hendrikx

    The international community and governmental organizations are actively calling for the implementation of One Health (OH) surveillance systems to target health hazards that involve humans, animals, and their environment. In our view, the main characteristic of a OH surveillance system is the...

  8. Using detection dogs and RSPF models to assess habitat suitability for bears in Greater Yellowstone

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jon P. Beckmann, Lisette P. Waits, Aimee Hurt, Alice Whitelaw, Scott Bergen

    In the northern U.S. Rockies, including the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), connectivity is a concern because large carnivores have difficulties dispersing successfully between protected areas. One area of high conservation value because of its importance for connecting the GYE to...

  9. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    | Contributor(s):: Cole, Justine, Fraser, David

    Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...

  10. Which Wild Aardvarks Are Most Suitable for Outdoor Enclosures in Zoological Gardens in the European Union?

    | Contributor(s):: Patoka, Jiří, Vejtrubová, Markéta, Vrabec, Vladimír, Masopustová, Renata

    The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures...

  11. What Is the Future for Zoos and Aquariums?

    | Contributor(s):: Kagan, Ron, Allard, Stephanie, Carter, Scott

    Animal welfare concerns have plagued the professional zoo and aquarium field for decades. Societal differences remain concerning the well-being of animals, but it appears a shift is emerging. Scientific studies of animal welfare have dramatically increased, establishing that many previous...

  12. Using radio frequency identification for behavioral monitoring in little blue penguins

    | Contributor(s):: Kalafut, Kathryn L., Kinley, Rickey

    A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and...

  13. Understanding Preferences for Humane and Cruel Treatment of Pest Rodents in Site C, Khayelitsha, South Africa

    | Contributor(s):: Buckland, Adam, Nattrass, Nicoli

    The cruel treatment of pest rodents is a neglected area of study. This paper uses a representative survey from Khayelitsha (Cape Town) to show that a minority of residents preferred rodent control to be humane but that most did not care how rats are killed and almost a fifth said they would be...

  14. Turning Intentions into Animal Welfare Improvement in the Asian Livestock Sector

    | Contributor(s):: Sinclair, Michelle, Morton, John, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Intentions form the basis of behavioral action to improve animal welfare; however an intention-behavior gap has been previously identified. Livestock stakeholders in China, Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand (n = 1041) involved in slaughter and transport completed a survey in which they were asked...

  15. Toward a Choice-Based Judgment Bias Task for Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Hintze, Sara, Roth, Emma, Bachmann, Iris, Würbel, Hanno

    Judgment bias tasks for nonhuman animals are promising tools to assess emotional valence as a measure of animal welfare. In view of establishing a valid judgment bias task for horses, the present study aimed to evaluate 2 versions (go/no-go and active choice) of an auditory judgment bias task for...

  16. Three-year route census study on welfare status of free-roaming cats in old-town Onomichi, Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Tanida, Hajime

    The free-roaming cat population in Japan is increasing, and these cats are regarded as a tourism resource in some areas; however, their welfare status is unknown. Thus, this study assessed the welfare status of free-roaming cats in the old town of Onomichi City, Hiroshima, Japan. Route censuses...

  17. A Survey of Rabbit Handling Methods Within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland

    | Contributor(s):: Oxley, James Andrew, Ellis, Clare Frances, McBride, E. Anne, McCormick, Wanda Denise

    Rabbits are commonly kept in a variety of settings, including homes, laboratories, and veterinary clinics. Despite the popularity of keeping this prey species, little research has investigated current methods of handling. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of caregivers (owners...

  18. Steel-Jawed Leghold Traps and Killing Neck Snares: Similar Injuries Command Change to Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards

    | Contributor(s):: Proulx, Gilbert, Rodtka, Dwight

    According to the Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS), which was signed by the European Community, Canada, and Russia in 1997, killing devices used for the capture of canids and other fur-bearing nonhuman animals should render an animal irreversibly unconscious within 300...

  19. Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems

    | Contributor(s):: Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio

    In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...

  20. Single- or Pair-Housed: Which Is Better for Captive Southern Tamanduas?

    | Contributor(s):: Catapani, Mariana Labão, Pires, José Salatiel Rodrigues, Vasconcellos, Angélica da Silva

    The captive environment can limit some important behavioral options for nonhuman animals, which often results in decreased welfare. The companion of a conspecific can be a source of complexity in captivity, but this aspect has received little attention for solitary species. This study...