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  1. Evidence of Pain, Stress, and Fear of Humans During Tail Docking and the Next Four Weeks in Piglets (Sus scrofa domesticus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Céline Tallet, Marine Rakotomahandry, Sabine Herlemont, Armelle Prunier

    Tail docking is widely performed in pig farms to prevent tail biting. We investigated the consequences of this practice on behavioral indicators of pain and stress, and on the human-piglet relationship during lactation.Within 19 litters, piglets (1–3 days of age) were submitted on day 0...

  2. Uncontrolled Outdoor Access for Cats: An Assessment of Risks and Benefits

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah M.L. Tan, Anastasia C. Stellato, Lee Niel

    Uncontrolled outdoor access is associated with a number of welfare concerns for companion cats, including increased risks of disease and parasites, injury or death due to traffic, predation or ingestion of toxic substances, and getting permanently separated from their owner. In addition, cats...

  3. Making the Case: Adding a Social Work Perspective to a Case Study in a Veterinary Practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Gerstenblatt, Diane Rhodes, Dorothea Ivey

    This article describes a case study exploration of a veterinary practice from the perspective of social work. Recognizing the stressful work of veterinary providers, including compassion fatigue and high suicide rates, the current study identified both a need for and the potential role of...

  4. Effect of Age, Breed, and Sex on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Owner Assessed Healthy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Susan Rodger, E Marian Scott, Andrea Nolan, Andrea K Wright, Jacqueline Reid

    Using an app, this exploratory study generated information on HRQL in a large cohort of dogs deemed healthy according to the owner. It forms the basis for further studies investigating the natural history of HRQL of dogs to inform the interpretation of interventional studies, but highlights the...

  5. Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (WALY): A novel metric of animal welfare that combines the impacts of impaired welfare and abbreviated lifespan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maertens De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul D. McGreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio, Navneet K. Dhand

    Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the...

  6. Discipline-Based Education Research for Animal Welfare Science

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jill R. D. MacKay

    Animal welfare science features interdisciplinary and collaborative working across fields, spanning behavioural ecology, psychology, veterinary sciences, economics, and fundamental biology. However, education research is not yet prevalent within the animal welfare literature. In a Web of...

  7. Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions: A One Health-One Welfare Systemic Approach to Studying HAI

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leconstant, C., Spitz, E.

    The Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions (IMHAI) described herewith provides a conceptual framework for the study of interspecies interactions and aims to model the primary emotional processes involved in human-animal interactions. This model was developed from theoretical inputs from...

  8. Health Status of 'Community Cats' Living in the Tourist Area of the Old Town in Onomichi City, Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Ueda, Yoshihide, Tanida, Hajime

  9. To pet or to enrich? Increasing dogs' welfare in veterinary clinics/shelters: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Lopes, J. V. S. R., Daud, N. M., Young, R. J., Azevedo, C. S. de

  10. Health comparison between guinea pigs raised in uncontrolled and controlled environments

    | Contributor(s):: Laksmindra, Fitria, Nastiti, Wijayanti, Tuty, Arisuryanti, Salasia, S. I. O.

  11. Human-cat emotional closeness and unacceptable behavior in cats: a Brazilian perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Franck, K. R., Paz, J. E. G., Costa, E. de F., Costa, F. V. A. da

  12. Visitors’ Self-Reported Knowledge and Attitudes about an Animal-Free Exhibit on Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmus, Marisa, Rollins, Jeffrey

  13. Address the end of life of the animal in the presence of the children of the familyApproccio al fine vita dell'animale in presenza di bambini

    | Contributor(s):: Caux, A., Dattee, V.

  14. "The Cone of Shame": Welfare Implications of Elizabethan Collar Use on Dogs and Cats as Reported by their Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yustina Shenoda, Michael P. Ward, Dorothy McKeegan, Anne Fawcett

    Elizabethan collars are used in companion animals primarily to prevent self-trauma and associated negative welfare states in animals. However, they have been anecdotally associated with negative impacts on animal health and welfare including distress, abraded/ulcerated skin and misadventure....

  15. Domestic Foal Weaning: Need for Re-Thinking Breeding Practices?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Séverine Henry, Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir, Aziliz Klapper, Julie Joubert, Gabrielle Montier, Martine Hausberger

    Artificial weaning is a standard practice known to be one of the most stressful events in a domestic foal’s life. Research has mainly focused on ways to alleviate weaning stress. However, there is still a need for more detailed research on what should constitute best practices with...

  16. Response to Wolf et al.: Furthering Debate over the Suitability of Trap-Neuter-Return for Stray Cat Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael C. Calver, Heather M. Crawford, Patricia A. Fleming

    To continue dialogue over proposed Australian trials of Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR), we applied a framework requiring identification of areas of agreement, areas of disagreement, and identification of empirical data collection required to resolve disagreements. There is agreement that Australia...

  17. Effectiveness of Canine Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia Improvement Programs in Six UK Pedigree Breeds

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: H. K. James, F. McDonnell, Thomas W. Lewis

    Hip and elbow dysplasia are common disorders in larger dog breeds and crosses, and a known contributory factor to osteoarthritis, lameness and reduced mobility. Screening schemes evaluating the severity of hip and elbow dysplasia in the UK are administered by the British Veterinary Association...

  18. Assessing the Psychological Priorities for Optimising Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jake Stuart Veasey

    The welfare status of elephants under human care has been a contentious issue for two decades or more in numerous western countries. Much effort has gone into assessing the welfare of captive elephants at individual and population levels with little consensus having been achieved in relation to...

  19. Zoonoses: a potential obstacle to the growing wildlife industry of Namibia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kudakwashe Magwedere, Maria Y. Hemberger, Louw C. Hoffman, Francis Dziva

    Zoonoses, which account for approximately 75% of emerging human infectious diseases worldwide, pose a re-emerging threat to public health. With an ever-increasing interrelationship between humans, livestock and wildlife species, the threat to human health will rise to unprecedented levels....

  20. Reversing Extinction: Restoration and Resurrection in the Pleistocene Rewilding Projects

    | Contributor(s):: Chrulew, Matthew