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  1. Humanely Ending the Life of Animals: Research Priorities to Identify Alternatives to Carbon Dioxide

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aline R. Steiner, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Charlotte Berg, Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger, Rebeca García Pinillos, Huw D.R. Golledge, Michael Marahrens, Robert Meyer, Tobias Schnitzer, Michael J. Toscano, Patricia V. Turner, Daniel M. Weary, Thomas C. Gent

    The use of carbon dioxide (CO2) for stunning and killing animals is considered to compromise welfare due to air hunger, anxiety, fear, and pain. Despite decades of research, no alternatives have so far been found that provide a safe and reliable way to induce unconsciousness in groups of...

  2. The State of Animal- Assisted Interventions in France: Is the IAHAIO Model Relevant?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alice Mignot, Gérard Leboucher, Véronique Servais, Karelle de Luca

    Animal- assisted interventions (AAI) became more generalized in health care settings and their development in Europe is increasing. In France, the practice has grown in the absence of official recognition and regulation. In this context, we aim to identify the main characteristics of the French...

  3. Short Communication: Open Access Ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: brief communication for 'One Health' approach to control of potential zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M.O. Elom, N.N. Obeji, A. Nworie, V. Usanga

    Background: Cats and dogs are important companion animals that paradoxically pose risks of zoonotic infections to their owners. This study determined the ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in a semi-rural setting of Ebonyi State, so as to establish the prevalence of the ectoparasites...

  4. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Welfare of Animals in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacqueline Baptista, Dominique Blache, Keren Cox-Witton, Nicola Craddock, Toni Dalziel, Nicolas de Graaff, Jill Fernandes, Ronda Green, Helen Jenkins, Sarah Kahn, Deborah Kelly, Mariko Lauber, Shane K. Maloney, Bridget Peachey, Ian Rodger, Jeremy Skuse, Alan J. Tilbrook, Frederick Rohan Walker, Kelly Wall, Sarah Zito

    We report on the various responses in Australia during 2020 tominimize negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the welfare of animals. Most organizations and individuals with animals under their care had emergency preparedness plans in place for various scenarios; however, the restrictions...

  5. Perspectives From the Science-Policy Interface in Animal Health and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simon J. More

    The aim of this paper is to present scientific perspectives from the science-policy interface in animal health and welfare, with an emphasis on factors critical to scientific effectiveness. While there is broad acceptance of the value of scientific information to inform policy-making,...

  6. The Animal Welfare Act at Fifty: Problems and Possibilities in Animal Testing Regulation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Courtney G. Lee

  7. Population Characteristics of Cats Adopted from an Urban Cat Shelter and the Influence of Physical Traits and Reason for Surrender on Length of Stay

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Miller, Michael Ward, Julia A. Beatty

    Measures aimed at reducing the length of stay (LOS) of cats in shelters can promote animal welfare and more efficient use of resources. The extent to which variables shown to impact LOS are broadly applicable is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe a population of cats adopted from an...

  8. Turning science into policy: The case of farm animal welfare in Canada

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David Fraser

    Development of farm animal welfare standards in Canada has evolved significantly over 35 yr in terms of process, leadership, and the role of science. Key elements of the current process include: 1) influential producers and producer organizations that see the benefit of having...

  9. The Research of Standardized Protocols for Dog Involvement in Animal-Assisted Therapy: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Santaniello, A., Garzillo, S., Cristiano, S., Fioretti, A., Menna, L. F.

    Dogs are considered the most important species involved in animal-assisted therapy (AAT), and the scientific literature focuses on the benefits linked to the involvement of dogs in various therapeutic areas. In this study, we carried out a systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting...

  10. The Use of Draught Animals in Rural Labour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mota-Rojas, D., Braghieri, A., Álvarez-Macías, A., Serrapica, F., Ramírez-Bribiesca, E., Cruz-Monterrosa, R., Masucci, F., Mora-Medina, P., Napolitano, F.

    This study discusses scientific findings on the use of draught animals such as equids (i.e., horses, mules, and donkeys) and bovids (i.e., cattle and water buffaloes) in rural labours. Relevant peer-reviewed literature published between 1980 and 2021 was retrieved from CAB Abstracts, PubMed,...

  11. Animal Assisted Interventions in the Green Care Framework: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Galardi, M., De Santis, M., Moruzzo, R., Mutinelli, F., Contalbrigo, L.

    Green Care (GC) and Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI) are recognised practices useful to enhance the wellbeing of people through interaction with nature and animals. This study aims at understanding the interconnections between GC and AAI by analysing deeply which interaction with animals is...

  12. Can Tail and Ear Postures Be Suitable to Capture the Affective State of Growing Pigs?

    | Contributor(s):: Krugmann, K. L., Mieloch, F. J., Krieter, J., Czycholl, I.

  13. Social hierarchy influences dairy cows’ use of shade in a silvopastoral system under intensive rotational grazing

    | Contributor(s):: Deniz, Matheus, de Sousa, Karolini Tenffen, Moro, Matheus Fernando, Vale, Marcos Martinez do, Dittrich, João Ricardo, Machado Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro, Hötzel, Maria José

  14. Why the "Visitor Effect" Is Complicated. Unraveling Individual Animal, Visitor Number, and Climatic Influences on Behavior, Space Use and Interactions With Keepers—A Case Study on Captive Hornbills

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul E. Rose, Jake S. Scales, James E. Brereton

    A “visitor effect” on zoo-housed species has been documented since the 1970s, with research focused on mammals (specifically primates). To broaden our understanding of the “visitor effect” in a non-mammal, we conducted a case study on a pair of hornbills, recording...

  15. A Delphi Survey and Analysis of Expert Perspectives on One Health in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Michael Ward, Andrew Wilson, Gwendolyn Gilbert

    One Health (OH) is an interdisciplinary approach aiming to achieve optimal health for humans, animals and their environments. Case reports and systematic reviews of success are emerging; however, discussion of barriers and enablers of cross-sectoral collaboration are rare. A four-phase...

  16. Socioeconomic Influences on Reports of Canine Welfare Concerns to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) in Queensland, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Human–dog relationships are an important contributor to the welfare of dogs, but little is known about the importance of socioeconomic status of the dogs’ owners. We conducted a retrospective study of canine welfare complaints, using Australian government statistics on the...

  17. Pet Food Quality Assurance and Safety and Quality Assurance Survey within the Costa Rican Pet Food Industry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Astrid Leiva, Andrea Molina, Mauricio Redondo-Solano, Graciela Artavia, Lizeth Rojas-Bogantes, Fabio Granados-Chinchilla

    Costa Rican animal feed production is continually growing, with approximately 1,238,243 metric tons produced in 2018. Production-wise, pet cat and dog food are in fifth place (about 41,635 metric tons per year) amongst animal feeds, and it supplies up to 90% of the national market. Pet food...

  18. Dog-bites, rabies and One Health: Towards improved coordination in research, policy and practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melanie J. Rock, Dawn Rault, Chris Degeling

    Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence...

  19. Behavioral Changes in Dogs With Idiopathic Epilepsy Compared to Other Medical Populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hilary Levitin, Devon Wallis Hague, Kelly C. Ballantyne, Laura E. Selmic

    Anxiety related behaviors have been reported in humans diagnosed with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and such traits may be altered depending on seizure phase. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and severity of anxiety related behaviors in dogs with IE compared to other medical...

  20. Animal Welfare and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Linda Keeling, Håkan Tunón, Gabriela Olmos Antillón, Charlotte Berg, Mike Jones, Leopoldo Stuardo, Janice Swanson, Anna Wallenbeck, Christoph Winckler, Harry Blokhuis

    This paper systematically evaluates the extent to which achieving the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) is compatible with improving animal welfare. The analyses were based on discussion and independent scoring in a group of 12 participants with academic backgrounds within agricultural or...