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  1. Hybrid vigour in dogs?

    Contributor(s):: Nicholas, F. W., Arnott, E. R., McGreevy, P. D.

    Evidence from other species justifies the hypotheses that useful hybrid vigour occurs in dogs and that it can be exploited for improved health, welfare and fitness for purpose. Unfortunately, most of the relevant published canine studies do not provide estimates of actual hybrid vigour because of...

  2. Methodology for experimental and observational animal studies in cow-calf contact systems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Barth, K., Haskell, M. J., Hillmann, E., Jensen, M. B., Johnsen, J. F., Mejdell, C., Waiblinger, S., Ferneborg, S.

    In this Research Reflection we describe a common standpoint on suitable methodology for controlled and observational studies in cow-calf contact systems in dairy production. Different methods to assess behaviour, health and production in cow-calf contact systems are outlined. Knowledge and...

  3. Emotional States of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) Kept for Animal-Visitor Interactions, as Perceived by People Differing in Age and Knowledge of the Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pollastri, I., Normando, S., Contiero, B., Vogt, G., Gelli, D., Sergi, V., Stagni, E., Hensman, S., Mercugliano, E., de Mori, B.

    This study aimed to investigate how three groups of people of differing ages, and with differing knowledge of the species, perceived the emotional state of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) managed in captive and semi-captive environments. Fifteen video-clips of 18 elephants, observed...

  4. Koi (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) Seek Out Tactile Interaction with Humans: General Patterns and Individual Differences

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fife-Cook, I., Franks, B.

    The study of human-animal interactions has provided insights into the welfare of many species. To date, however, research has largely focused on human relationships with captive mammals, with relatively little exploration of interactions between humans and other vertebrates, despite non-mammals...

  5. A Commentary about Lessons Learned: Transitioning a Therapy Dog Program Online during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dell, C., Williamson, L., McKenzie, H., Carey, B., Cruz, M., Gibson, M., Pavelich, A.

    In 2015, the University of Saskatchewan PAWS Your Stress Therapy Dog program partnered with St. John Ambulance for therapy dog teams to visit our campus and offer attendees love, comfort and support. We recognized at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic that students, staff and faculty may...

  6. Researching Human-Cattle Interaction on Rangelands: Challenges and Potential Solutions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Creamer, M., Horback, K.

    Human-animal interaction (HAI) research spans across many scientific fields and animal taxa. For livestock species, HAI research tends to focus on animals that are managed in close proximity with humans such as poultry, dairy cattle, and swine. Given the nature of rangeland cattle production,...

  7. The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.

    The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...

  8. The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.

    Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...

  9. "Don't bring me a dog...I'll just keep it": understanding unplanned dog acquisitions amongst a sample of dog owners attending canine health and welfare community events in the United Kingdom

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.

    Understanding the factors that result in people becoming dog owners is key to developing messaging around responsible acquisition and providing appropriate support for prospective owners to ensure a strong dog-owner bond and optimise dog welfare. This qualitative study investigated factors that...

  10. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  11. Evaluation of the fitbark activity monitor for measuring physical activity in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Colpoys, J., Decock, D.

    Accelerometers track changes in physical activity which can indicate health and welfare concerns in dogs. The FitBark 2 (FitBark) is an accelerometer for use with dogs; however, no studies have externally validated this tool. The objective of this study was to evaluate FitBark criterion...

  12. Artistic freedom or animal cruelty? Contemporary visual art practice that involves live and deceased animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Coleman, E., Scollen, R., Batorowicz, B., Akenson, D.

    This paper examines a selection of 21st-century international examples of exhibited visual artworks involving live or deceased animals. It seeks to reveal the risks and benefits of unique encounters with animals through art and to consider the ethical implications of artwork deploying animals....

  13. A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da

  14. Risk factors for aggression in adult cats that were fostered through a shelter program as kittens

    | Contributor(s):: O'Hanley, K. A., Pearl, D. L., Niel, L.

  15. Assessing the behaviour, welfare and husbandry of mouse deer (Tragulus spp.) in European zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Lemos de Figueiredo, Ricardo, Hartley, Matthew, Fletcher, Alison W.

  16. Keeping that Doggie in the (Car) Window Safe: Recommendations for Driving with Canine Companions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Phyllis Coleman

    Part I of this article uses the empirical research of experts (animal behaviorists, ethologists, and cynologists) to explain reasons canine companions and their humans love riding together. It also highlights the potential risks when dogs distract drivers. Acknowledging that only a few studies...

  17. Veterinary Education in Indiana: From Horses to Hogs to the Human-Animal Bond

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Donald F. Smith

    Though Purdue University’s first veterinary class graduated just over 50 years ago in 1963, there had been a long and vibrant history of veterinary education in the state of Indiana dating back to the 1890s when the Indiana Veterinary College was founded.

  18. Responding to Risk: Regulation or Prohibition? New Zealand Media Reporting of Thoroughbred Jumps Racing 2016–2018

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kylie A. Legg, Mary Breheny, Erica K. Gee, Chris W. Rogers

    Jumps racing involves a higher risk of accident and fatality than flat racing. The wide accessibility of media, combined with alternate views regarding the place of animals in society, raises the question of the acceptability of the continuation of jumps racing. Racing data and media articles...

  19. A Retrospective Analysis of Complaints to RSPCA Queensland, Australia, about Dog Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Animal neglect and cruelty are important welfare and social issues. We conducted an epidemiological study of dog welfare complaints and identified risk factors. The retrospective study included 107,597 dog welfare complaints received by RSPCA Queensland from July 2008 to June 2018. The risk...

  20. A Survey of Italian Dairy Farmers' Propensity for Precision Livestock Farming Tools

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabio Abeni, Francesca Petrera, Andrea Galli

    A targeted survey was designed with the aim of describing the diffusion of precision livestock farming (PLF) tools in one of the most intensive dairy farming provinces in Italy. Technicians at the Provincial Breeder Association of Cremona interviewed 490 dairy farmers and obtained data...