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  1. Three-year route census study on welfare status of free-roaming cats in old-town Onomichi, Japan

    Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Tanida, Hajime

    The free-roaming cat population in Japan is increasing, and these cats are regarded as a tourism resource in some areas; however, their welfare status is unknown. Thus, this study assessed the welfare status of free-roaming cats in the old town of Onomichi City, Hiroshima, Japan. Route censuses...

  2. A Survey of Rabbit Handling Methods Within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland

    Contributor(s):: Oxley, James Andrew, Ellis, Clare Frances, McBride, E. Anne, McCormick, Wanda Denise

    Rabbits are commonly kept in a variety of settings, including homes, laboratories, and veterinary clinics. Despite the popularity of keeping this prey species, little research has investigated current methods of handling. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of caregivers (owners...

  3. Steel-Jawed Leghold Traps and Killing Neck Snares: Similar Injuries Command Change to Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards

    Contributor(s):: Proulx, Gilbert, Rodtka, Dwight

    According to the Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS), which was signed by the European Community, Canada, and Russia in 1997, killing devices used for the capture of canids and other fur-bearing nonhuman animals should render an animal irreversibly unconscious within 300...

  4. Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems

    Contributor(s):: Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio

    In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...

  5. Single- or Pair-Housed: Which Is Better for Captive Southern Tamanduas?

    Contributor(s):: Catapani, Mariana Labão, Pires, José Salatiel Rodrigues, Vasconcellos, Angélica da Silva

    The captive environment can limit some important behavioral options for nonhuman animals, which often results in decreased welfare. The companion of a conspecific can be a source of complexity in captivity, but this aspect has received little attention for solitary species. This study...

  6. Reproduction and monogamy in captive flock of greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus Roseus)

    Contributor(s):: Sandri, Camillo, Sammarini, Carolina, Regaiolli, Barbara, Spiezio, Caterina, Piccirillo, Alessandra

    Due to the great number of greater flamingos in captivity and their long life span, studying their behavior and welfare might be useful to improve the husbandry and breeding of this species in zoos. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting the breeding activity of captive greater...

  7. Reasons People Surrender Unowned and Owned Cats to Australian Animal Shelters and Barriers to Assuming Ownership of Unowned Cats

    Contributor(s):: Zito, Sarah, Morton, John, Vankan, Dianne, Paterson, Mandy, Bennett, Pauleen C., Rand, Jacquie, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Most cats surrendered to nonhuman animal shelters are identified as unowned, and the surrender reason for these cats is usually simply recorded as “stray.” A cross-sectional study was conducted with people surrendering cats to 4 Australian animal shelters. Surrenderers of unowned cats commonly...

  8. Positive Reinforcement Training for Blood Collection in Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) Results in Undetectable Elevations in Serum Cortisol Levels: A Preliminary Investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, Nicole M., Newberry, Ruth C., Robbins, Charles T., Ware, Jasmine V., Jansen, Heiko T., Nelson, O. Lynne

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  9. Perceptions of Social Responsibility of Prominent Animal Welfare Groups

    Contributor(s):: Widmar, Nicole J. Olynk, Morgan, Carissa J., Croney, Candace C.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is an increasingly important component of consumer expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The extent to which prominent animal welfare or protection organizations may influence people’s perceptions of food industry CSR may be related to an organization’s...

  10. On-Farm Evaluation of an Automatic Enrichment Device with Maize Silage for Laying Hens

    Contributor(s):: Giersberg, Mona Franziska, Kemper, Nicole, Spindler, Birgit

    Challenges in alternative housing for laying hens are barren functional areas such as winter gardens and the occurrence of behavioral disorders. Environmental enrichment is a measure to deal with these problems. Therefore, an enrichment device offering maize silage automatically was tested in two...

  11. Olfactory Enrichment in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus): An Effective Tool for Captive Welfare?

    Contributor(s):: Samuelson, Mystera M., Lauderdale, Lisa K., Pulis, Kelly, Solangi, Moby, Hoffland, Tim, Lyn, Heidi

    In the wild, California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are exposed to a wide variety of sensory information, which cannot be replicated in captive environments. Therefore, unique procedures are necessary for maintaining physiological and psychological health in nonhuman animals in captivity....

  12. The Natural Behavior Debate: Two Conceptions of Animal Welfare

    Contributor(s):: Browning, Heather

    The performance of natural behavior is commonly used as a criterion in the determination of animal welfare. This is still true, despite many authors having demonstrated that it is not a necessary component of welfare – some natural behaviors may decrease welfare, while some unnatural behaviors...

  13. My Reflections on Understanding Animal Emotions for Improving the Life of Animals in Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Grandin, Temple

    Scientists are often reluctant to attribute emotions to nonhuman animals that are similar to human emotions. When the author published her early studies, reviewers prohibited the word fear. Fearful behavior had to be described as agitated. The core emotional systems described by Panksepp may...

  14. Investigation Into the Humaneness of Slaughter Methods for Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcelus) in the Andean Region

    Contributor(s):: Limon, Georgina, Gonzales-Gustavson, Eloy A., Gibson, Troy J.

    Guinea pigs (Cavia porcelus) are an important source of nonhuman animal protein in the Andean region of South America. Specific guidelines regarding the welfare of guinea pigs before and during slaughter have yet to be developed. This study critically assessed the humaneness of 4 different...

  15. Improving the Welfare of a Zoo-Housed Male Drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) Aggressive Toward Visitors

    Contributor(s):: Martín, Olga, Vinyoles, Dolors, García-Galea, Eduardo, Maté, Carmen

    Improving the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity and maintaining behavioral competence for future conservation purposes is of the highest priority for zoos. The behavior of an aggressive male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) was assessed in Barcelona Zoo. The 2-year study presented in...

  16. Impacts of natural history and exhibit factors on carnivore welfare

    Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Ivy, Jamie A., Vicino, Greg A., Schork, Ivana G.

    To improve the welfare of nonhuman animals under professional care, zoological institutions are continuously utilizing new methods to identify factors that lead to optimal welfare. Comparative methods have historically been used in the field of evolutionary biology but are increasingly being...

  17. Hoofbeats From the Currituck Outer Banks: A Study of the Corolla Wild Horse Fund Adoption Program

    Contributor(s):: Koncel, Mary A.

    Research on the adoption and relinquishment of horses, both domestic and wild, remains limited. As a result, little is known about adopters, their adopted horses, and their adoption experience. This study surveyed and interviewed 17 adopters of Colonial Spanish mustangs through the Corolla Wild...

  18. Free-Roaming Cat (Felis Catus) Management and Welfare Policies in Two University Campuses in Beirut, Lebanon: Strengths, Weaknesses, and Opportunities

    Contributor(s):: Davey, Gareth, Zhao, Xiang

    Little information has been reported about the welfare and management of free-roaming animals in Middle Eastern countries. Here we describe a case study of free-roaming cat (Felis catus) management policies in two universities in Beirut, Lebanon whereby cats are immensely valued for their...

  19. Farmer and Public Attitudes Toward Lamb Finishing Systems

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, Grahame, Jongman, Ellen, Greenfield, L., Hemsworth, Paul

    To develop research and policy on the welfare of lambs in intensive finishing systems, it is important to understand public and sheep farmers' attitudes. The aim of this research was to identify and compare farmer and community attitudes relevant to the intensification of lamb finishing. The...

  20. Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks

    Contributor(s):: Muvhali, Pfunzo T., Bonato, Maud, Engelbrecht, Anel, Malecki, Irek A., Cloete, Schalk W. P.

    A total of 416 day-old ostrich chicks were randomly allocated to one of the three different husbandry practices for 3 months after hatch; HP1 (extensive human presence with gentle human voice, visual and gentle physical stimuli), HP2 (similar to HP1 but without physical stimuli) and S (human...