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  1. Poor Welfare Indicators and Husbandry Practices at Lion (Panthera Leo) "Cub-Petting" Facilities: Evidence from Public YouTube Videos

    Contributor(s):: Chorney, S., DeFalco, A., Jacquet, J., LaFrance, C., Lary, M., Pirker, H., Franks, B.

    There is growing concern about captive lion hunting and breeding operations in South Africa, including cub-petting tourism. For the first time, we assess the quality of cub-petting facilities and code the stress behaviors of lion cubs when handled by tourists by analyzing four stress-related...

  2. Consumer Preferences for Animal Welfare in China: Optimization of Pork Production-Marketing Chains

    Contributor(s):: Liang, Yaoming, Cheng, Yu, Xu, Yanjie, Hua, Gengrong, Zheng, Zijian, Li, Hui, Han, Li

    Consumption demands for pork produced by farms that employ strategies to improve animal welfare (“animal welfare pork”) will be an important indicator for predicting domestic pig feeding standards and pork industry development. This paper analyzes consumer preferences for animal welfare pork...

  3. The Impacts of Colony Cages on the Welfare of Chickens Farmed for Meat

    Contributor(s):: Mace, Jenny L., Knight, Andrew

    There is growing interest in keeping meat chickens in modern colony cages (CCs) rather than conventional litter-floor barns. Suggested welfare improvements for chickens in such systems include reduced bodily lesions due to lower contact with flooring contaminated with faeces and urine, due to...

  4. Changes in Management, Welfare, Emotional State, and Human-Related Docility in Stallions

    Contributor(s):: Popescu, Silvana, Lazar, Eva Andrea, Borda, Cristin, Blaga Petrean, Anamaria, Mitrănescu, Elena

    Despite an increase in awareness of their essential needs, many stallions continue to be kept in conditions limiting their social interactions and movement. To supplement the studies which highlight the effects of these practices on selected aspects of equine mental and physical wellbeing, we...

  5. Effect of Animal Stocking Density and Habitat Enrichment on Survival and Vitality of Wild Green Shore Crabs, Carcinus maenas, Maintained in the Laboratory

    Contributor(s):: Wilson, Charlotte H., Wyeth, Russell C., Spicer, John I., McGaw, Iain J.

    The wide geographic distribution, large size and ease of capture has led to decapod crustaceans being used extensively in laboratory experiments. Recently in the United Kingdom decapod crustaceans were listed as sentient beings, resulting in their inclusion in animal care protocols. Ironically,...

  6. Generalizability, Robustness and Replicability When Evaluating Wellbeing of Laboratory Mice with Various Methods

    Contributor(s):: Zechner, Dietmar, Schulz, Benjamin, Tang, Guanglin, Abdelrahman, Ahmed, Kumstel, Simone, Seume, Nico, Palme, Rupert, Vollmar, Brigitte

    An essential basis for objectively improving the status of animals during in vivo research is the ability to measure the wellbeing of animals in a reliable and scientific manner. Several non-invasive methods such as assessing body weight, burrowing activity, nesting behavior, a distress score and...

  7. Looking beyond the Shoal: Fish Welfare as an Individual Attribute

    Contributor(s):: Torgerson-White, Lauri, Sánchez-Suárez, Walter

    Welfare is an individual attribute. In general, providing captive nonhuman animals with conditions conducive to good welfare is an idea more easily applied when dealing with few individuals. However, this becomes much harder—if not impossible—under farming conditions that may imply high numbers...

  8. A “Good Life” for Dairy Cattle: Developing and Piloting a Framework for Assessing Positive Welfare Opportunities Based on Scientific Evidence and Farmer Expertise

    Contributor(s):: Stokes, Jessica E., Rowe, Elizabeth, Mullan, Siobhan, Pritchard, Joy C., Horler, Rachel, Haskell, Marie J., Dwyer, Cathy M., Main, David C. J.

    On-farm welfare assessment tends to focus on minimising negative welfare, but providing positive welfare is important in order to give animals a good life. This study developed a positive welfare framework for dairy cows based on the existing scientific literature which has focused on developing...

  9. The Social Construction of Narratives and Arguments in Animal Welfare Discourse and Debate

    Contributor(s):: Muhammad, Mukhtar, Stokes, Jessica E., Morgans, Lisa, Manning, Louise

    Stakeholders can hold conflicting values and viewpoints, on what animal welfare is and how a good life is achieved and can signal different problems, or problematize specific aspects of farm animal welfare, and propose different actions or interventions within food supply chains. The aim of the...

  10. Using Community Conversations to explore animal welfare perceptions and practices of rural households in Ethiopia

    Contributor(s):: Lemma, M., Doyle, R., Alemayehu, G., Mekonnen, M., Kumbe, A., Wieland, B.

    There is a scarcity of data on animal welfare and its impact on livelihoods to inform animal welfare initiatives in Ethiopia. Perceptions and practices of rural households toward animal welfare are influenced by socio-cultural, demographic, and agroecological factors. We conducted Community...

  11. Efficacy of Dog Training With and Without Remote Electronic Collars vs. a Focus on Positive Reinforcement

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Lucy China, Daniel S. Mills, Jonathan J. Cooper

    We assessed the efficacy of dog training with and without remote electronic collarscompared to training with positive reinforcement. A total of 63 dogs with knownoff-lead behavioral problems such as poor recall were allocated to one of three traininggroups (each n = 21), receiving up to...

  12. A novel approach to welfare interventions in problem multi-cat households

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kayleigh Hill, David Yates, Rachel Dean, Jenny Stavisky

    Background: Thousands of injured, stray and relinquished cats are received at the RSPCA Greater Manchester Animal Hospital each year. A significant and challenging proportion of these cats are confiscated from multicat households by RSPCA Inspectors, due to the owners’ inability to care...

  13. Design of a Canine Prosthesis for Front Limb Deformities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Norma Bachman, Melanie Lasso, Oluwajomiloju Olaode, Elizabeth Walfield, Mushtaq Al Zuhairi

    The current canine prosthesis market is catered towards dogs with amputations. Due to the variations in limb deformities, there is yet to be a customizable solution. Instead, the production of prostheses for deformities occurs on a ‘case-by-case’ basis and the products are tailored...

  14. A bioeconomic model for the optimization of local canine rabies control

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aaron Anderson, Johann Kotzé, Stephanie A. Shwiff, Brody Hatch, Chris Slootmaker, Anne Conan, Darryn Knobel, Louis H. Nel

    We present a new modeling tool that can be used to maximize the impact of canine rabies management resources that are available at the local level. The model is accessible through a web-based interface that allows for flexibility in the management strategies that can be investigated. Rabies...

  15. Hogares sin animales

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    Aquí es donde mi trabajo diverge completamente de lo que se llama activismo de la Edad de Piedra o causa animal. Lea y entienda:

  16. Exploring Collaborations between Veterinarians & Rescues/Shelters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquie Cobb

    A survey of private practice veterinarians in the Chicago area was conducted in an effort to pinpoint what constitutes a positive relationship between a veterinarian and a rescue group or shelter. The following research questions guided this project: From the perspective of veterinarians, what...

  17. First Evidence of Natural SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Domestic Rabbits

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matthieu Fritz, Daphné de Riols de Fonclare, Déborah Garcia, Stéphanie Beurlet, Pierre Becquart, Serge G. Rosolen, Alexandra Briend-Marchal, Eric M. Leroy

    We tested 144 pet rabbits sampled in France between November 2020 and June 2021 for antibodies to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by microsphere immunoassay. We reported the first evidence of a natural SARS-CoV-2 infection in rabbits with a low observed...

  18. Public Investment in Animal Protection Work: Data from Manitoba, Canada

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kendra Coulter, Brittany Campbell

    There is a dearth of research on animal cruelty investigations policy and work, despite its importance for protecting animals from illegal forms of cruelty. This study provides baseline data about the approach used in Manitoba, one of the only Canadian provinces where animal protection is...

  19. Pain and Emotion in Fishes – Fish Welfare Implications for Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Culum Brown, Catherine Dorey

    Scientists have built a significant body of research that shows that fishes display all the features commonly associated with intelligence in mammals, and that they experience stress, fear and pain. These findings have significant ramifications for animal welfare legislation, an area from which...

  20. Blind Trading: A Literature Review of Research Addressing the Welfare of Ball Pythons in the Exotic Pet Trade

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennah Green, Emma Coulthard, David Megson, John Norrey, Laura Norrey, Jennifer K. Rowntree, Jodie Bates, Becky Dharmpaul, Mark Auliya, Neil D’Cruze

    Extensive numbers of Ball pythons are caught, bred, traded and subsequently kept in captivity across the world as part of the exotic pet industry. Despite their widespread availability as pets, relatively little is known about the potential welfare challenges affecting them. We reviewed the...