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  1. Farmer and Public Attitudes Toward Lamb Finishing Systems

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, Grahame, Jongman, Ellen, Greenfield, L., Hemsworth, Paul

    To develop research and policy on the welfare of lambs in intensive finishing systems, it is important to understand public and sheep farmers' attitudes. The aim of this research was to identify and compare farmer and community attitudes relevant to the intensification of lamb finishing. The...

  2. Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks

    Contributor(s):: Muvhali, Pfunzo T., Bonato, Maud, Engelbrecht, Anel, Malecki, Irek A., Cloete, Schalk W. P.

    A total of 416 day-old ostrich chicks were randomly allocated to one of the three different husbandry practices for 3 months after hatch; HP1 (extensive human presence with gentle human voice, visual and gentle physical stimuli), HP2 (similar to HP1 but without physical stimuli) and S (human...

  3. Evaluation of Enrichment for Reptiles in Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Eagan, Taylor

    Studies on environmental enrichment for reptiles are lacking in the scientific literature. Although the literature reflects a limited take on reptile enrichment in the zoological community, it may not be the case in reality as enrichment is generally considered an important aspect of the care of...

  4. Evaluating the social structure of captive Rothschild’s giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi): Relevance to animal management and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Lewton, Jack, Rose, Paul E.

    Social network analysis (SNA) is useful for evaluating management zoo regimes to ensure that any fitness benefits of sociality are preserved in captive-housed groups. This paper explores the association patterns of 13 giraffes housed at Longleat Safari Park, UK. Wild giraffes exhibit a...

  5. Environmental Enrichment Effect on Fecal Glucocorticoid Metabolites and Captive Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) Behavior

    Contributor(s):: Coelho, Carlyle Mendes, Azevedo, Cristiano Schetini de, Guimarães, Marcelo Alcino de Barros Vaz, Young, Robert John

    Environmental enrichment is a technique that may reduce the stress of nonhuman animals in captivity. Stress may interfere with normal behavioral expression and affect cognitive decision making. Noninvasive hormonal studies can provide important information about the stress statuses of animals....

  6. Effects of environmental enrichment on activity and lameness in commercial broiler production

    Contributor(s):: Vasdal, Guro, Vas, Judit, Newberry, Ruth C., Moe, Randi Oppermann

    The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of commercially applied environmental enrichments on behavior and lameness in broilers. Two consecutive flocks of broilers were observed at 16 days and 30 days of age to investigate differences between enriched (peat, bales of lucerne...

  7. Effects of Enrichment Presentation and Other Factors on Behavioral Welfare of Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata)

    Contributor(s):: Perez, Barbara C., Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Foltz, Amanda R., Dorey, Nicole R.

    Environmental enrichment is a crucial element of promoting welfare for animals in captivity. However, enrichment programs are not always formally evaluated for their efficacy. Furthermore, there is little empirical evidence of enrichment evaluation for species of small cetaceans in zoological...

  8. Effect of switch trimming on udder and teat hygiene of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Ingle, Heather D., Rice, Christa A., Black, Randi A., Childers, Sarah Z., Eberhart, Nicole L., Prado, Maria E., Krawczel, Peter D.

    The study objective was to determine the effects of trimming the switch of dairy cows on teat-end bacterial counts and udder hygiene scores. Cows (n = 102) were blocked by days in milk, milk production, and parity and then assigned to (a) treatment (trimming of their tail switch using a...

  9. Effect of Cage Type on Fecal Corticosterone Concentration in Buck Rabbits During the Reproductive Cycle

    Contributor(s):: Cornale, Paolo, Macchi, Elisabetta, Renna, Manuela, Prola, Liviana, Perona, Giovanni, Mimosi, Antonio

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) was measured in 14 buck rabbits individually housed in standard-dimension cages (SC) or in bigger cages (BC; with a volume more than double that of SC and equipped with a plastic foot mat) during 4 consecutive reproductive cycles. Cage type and...

  10. Development of a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge Scale: Implications for Welfare and Preventing Dogfighting

    Contributor(s):: Iliopoulou, Maria A., Rosenbaum, Rene P., Carleton, Carla L.

    The objective of this study was to develop a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge (CCWK) Scale for use in educational intervention development and evaluation and validate the instrument. The study population was 504 children, aged 11 to 19 years old, from Detroit, MI. In this cross-sectional study,...

  11. Describing the Use of Animals in Animal-Assisted Intervention Research

    Contributor(s):: Ng, Zenithson, Morse, Laura, Albright, Julia, Viera, Ann, Souza, Marcy

    Currently, there has been growing attention to animal welfare in animal-assisted interventions (AAI). However, there is a lack of scrutiny regarding what steps to take to ensure animal wellbeing during AAI research. The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) reviews, monitors, and...

  12. Demographic Factors Associated with Prince Edward Island Horse Farm Owner Awareness of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines

    Contributor(s):: Millican, Lisa, Vanderstichel, Raphael, McClure, J., MacMillan, Kathleen

    The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of owners of horse farms in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada that were aware of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines (CODE) and determine demographic factors associated with awareness. A questionnaire was...

  13. Cross-Sectional Study of Characteristics of Owners and Nonowners Surrendering Cats to Four Australian Animal Shelters

    Contributor(s):: Zito, Sarah, Morton, John, Paterson, Mandy, Vankan, Dianne, Bennett, Pauleen C., Rand, Jacquie, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Unwanted cats surrendered to nonhuman animal shelters are generally categorized as either “owned” or “stray.” This classification is misleading because “stray” cats may include many “semiowned” cats, for which people provide care but who are not perceived as being owned. This differentiation is...

  14. Creating Public Awareness of How Goats Are Reared and Milk Produced May Affect Consumer Acceptability

    Contributor(s):: Musto, Mauro, Cardinale, Daniele, Lucia, Pietro, Faraone, Daniela

    This study evaluated whether showing a video of the different ways of raising goats for milk affected consumer acceptability. Four combinations, 2 Videos (intensive [INT] and semiextensive [SEM] system) × 2 Milk Types (semiskimmed [S] and whole [W] milk), were evaluated by 70 habitual consumers...

  15. Consumer Attitudes Toward Animal Welfare-Friendly Products and Willingness to Pay: Exploration of Mexican Market Segments

    Contributor(s):: Lama, Genaro C. Miranda-de la, Estévez-Moreno, Laura X., Villarroel, Morris, Rayas-Amor, Adolfo A., María, Gustavo A., Sepúlveda, Wilmer S.

    The study aim was to identify consumer segmentation based on nonhuman animal welfare (AW) attitudes and their relationship with demographic features and willingness to pay (WTP) for welfare-friendly products (WFP) in Mexico. Personal interviews were conducted with 843 Mexican consumers who stated...

  16. Compliance with OIE animal welfare standards in slaughterhouses in Tehran Province, Iran: An introductory survey

    Contributor(s):: Abyaneh, Hamid Khaneghahi, Dabaghian, Atieh, Rezaeigolestani, Mohammadreza, Amanollahi, Davoud

    World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) recommends member countries to comply with global standards of animal welfare. The present study was conducted to reveal the compliance of animal welfare standards in slaughterhouses in Tehran province (Iran). The following three major parameters were...

  17. A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants

    Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.

    With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...

  18. A Collaborative Model for Managing Animal Hoarding Cases

    Contributor(s):: Strong, Sandra, Federico, Jennifer, Banks, Ron, Williams, Cathy

    Companion-animal hoarding is a significant problem in the United States and internationally. Hoarding situations can incubate for years before a case is reported to law enforcement or animal control agencies. According to a survey by Gary Patronek, animal control agencies have estimated there are...

  19. Citizens’ understanding of welfare of animals on the farm: An empirical study

    Contributor(s):: Heise, Heinke, Theuvsen, Ludwig

    Many people believe that welfare standards for nonhuman animals on farms need to be improved. However, the definition of farm animal welfare (FAW) remains unclear, as different disciplines have developed competing understandings of FAW. Some studies have investigated citizens’ understanding of...

  20. Characteristics of Adopted Thoroughbred Racehorses in Second Careers

    Contributor(s):: Stowe, C. Jill, Kibler, Michelle L.

    The unwanted horse issue continues to be a major concern in the U.S. equine industry. Nonprofit organizations dedicated to rescuing, retraining, and rehoming unwanted horses are critical in minimizing this problem. This study utilized data collected nationwide from organizations that provide...