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  1. Understanding the Attitudes of Communities to the Social, Economic, and Cultural Importance of Working Donkeys in Rural, Peri-urban, and Urban Areas of Ethiopia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Martha Geiger, Jo Hockenhull, Henry Buller, Gebre Tefera Engida, Mulugeta Getachew, Faith Adelaide Burden, Helen Rebecca Whay

    Working donkeys (Equus africanus asinus) are vital to the development and support of people’s livelihoods in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas of Ethiopia. However, despite their critical role in providing transport, food security, and income generation to some of the poorest and most...

  2. Opinions towards Companion Animals and Their Welfare: A Survey of Croatian Veterinary Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tomislav Mikuš, Mario Ostović, Ivana Sabolek, Kristina Matković, Željko Pavičić, Ornella Mikuš, Željka Mesić

    This survey was the first one investigating opinions of veterinary students in Croatia towards companion animals and their welfare, with special reference to dogs and cats as the most popular companion animals in the European Union. The study included students of all six years of the integrated...

  3. In-Person Caretaker Visits Disrupt Ongoing Discomfort Behavior in Hospitalized Equine Orthopedic Surgical Patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Torcivia, Sue McDonnell

    Horses have evolved to show little indication of discomfort or disability when in the presence of potential predators, including humans. This natural characteristic complicates the recognition of pain in equine patients. It has been our clinical impression that, whenever a person is present,...

  4. Qualitative Research for One Health: From Methodological Principles to Impactful Applications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Melanie Rock

    The One Health concept has inspired a rich vein of applied research and scholarly reflection over the past decade, yet with little influence from qualitative methodologists. With this overview, we describe the underpinning assumptions, purposes, and potential pitfalls of data collection...

  5. The Management of Cow Shelters (Gaushalas) in India, Including the Attitudes of Shelter Managers to Cow Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Catherine Schuetze, Clive J.C. Phillips

    Gaushala management is a specialized profession requiring particular skills relating to the management of cow shelters or gaushalas, which are traditional and ancient Indian institutions that shelter old, unproductive and abandoned cows, The 1800 registered cow shelters in India have managers...

  6. The impact of an introductory animal handling course on undergraduate students who lack previous livestock handling experience

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer M Bundy, Jodi A Sterle, Anna K Johnson, Gregory T Krahn

    A majority of animal science undergraduates have limited livestock handling experience when they come to college. To address this issue, a course based on livestock handling, safety and welfare was implemented in the Department of Animal Science at Iowa State University. This study aimed to 1)...

  7. Animal Welfare in Predator Control: Lessons from Land and Sea. How the Management of Terrestrial and Marine Mammals Impacts Wild Animal Welfare in Human–Wildlife Conflict Scenarios in Europe

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laetitia Nunny

    The control of predators, on land and in the sea, is a complex topic. Both marine and terrestrial mammal predators come into conflict with humans in Europe in many ways and yet their situations are rarely compared. Areas of conflict include the predation of livestock and farmed fish, and the...

  8. Capture Myopathy and Stress Cardiomyopathy in a Live-Stranded Risso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus) in Rehabilitation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nakita Câmara, Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández, Manuel Arbelo, Yara Bernaldo de Quirós, Marina Arregui, Francesco Consoli, Pedro Herráez

    Capture myopathy (CM) is described in wild animals as a metabolic syndrome resulting from the extreme stress suffered during and after capture, handling, restraint, and transport. Although CM has been characterized in many species of cetaceans, descriptions of cardiac injury—an important...

  9. Fetching Interactive Dog Occupier (FIDO)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Katherine Brown, Rebecca Ruth Renner, Michael Ezra Goldman, Domenic James Mucci, Harry Atwood Lanphear, Gregory F. Shannon

    Dogs require exercise and play to stimulate them both mentally and physically, frequently through the game of “fetch”. However, physically disabled dog owners may lack the strength or endurance to play with their pets. We developed a prototype for an autonomous fetching...

  10. The elephant (head) in the room: A critical look at trophy hunting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chelsea Batavia, Michael Paul Nelson, Chris T. Darimont, Paul C. Paquet, William J. Ripple, Arian D. Wallach

    Trophy hunting has occupied a prominent position in recent scholarly literature and popular media. In the scientific conservation literature, researchers are generally supportive of or sympathetic to its usage as a source of monetary support for conservation. Although authors at times...

  11. Veterinary Practices, Reactions and Laws: Analyzing the Difference in Rural and Urban Practices

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Jude

    A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the College of the Caudill College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences Morehead State University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts by Daniel Jude on June, 23rd 2015

  12. Horses Failed to Learn from Humans by Observation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Vilain Rørvang, Tina Bach Nielsen, Janne Winther Christensen

    Animals can acquire new behavior through both individual and social learning. Several studies have investigated horses’ ability to utilize inter-species (human demonstrator) social learning with conflicting results. In this study, we repeat a previous study, which found that horses had...

  13. Current Standards and Practices Within the Therapy Dog Industry: Results of a Representative Survey of United States Therapy Dog Organizations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James A. Serpell, Katherine A. Kruger, Lisa M. Freeman, James A. Griffin, Zenithson Y. Ng

    Organizations that deliver animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), as well as those that train, evaluate, and register therapy dogs, have proliferated in recent decades in the United States (U.S.). Each of these organizations has its own policies and procedures for screening, evaluating, and...

  14. Challenges with Assessing and Treating Pain in Research Primates: A Focused Survey and Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paterson, Emilie A., Turner, Patricia V.

    Research primates may undergo surgical procedures making effective pain management essential to ensure good animal welfare and unbiased scientific data. Adequate pain mitigation is dependent on whether veterinarians, technicians, researchers, and caregivers can recognize and assess pain, as...

  15. Changes in the behaviour before normal calving to predict its onset in Mediterranean buffaloes heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Lanzoni, L., Chincarini, M., Giammarco, M., Fusaro, I., Iannotta, M., Podaliri, M., Contri, A., Gloria, A., Vignola, G.

  16. Evaluating the utility of a CO2 surgical laser for piglet tail docking to reduce behavioral and physiological indicators of pain and to improve wound healing: A pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Lou, Maria E., Kleinhenz, Michael D., Schroeder, Robin, Lechtenberg, Kelly, Montgomery, Shawnee, Coetzee, Johann F., Viscardi, Abbie V.

  17. The effect of auditory stimulation on pet dogs’ reactions to owner separation

    | Contributor(s):: Kinnaird, Rachael F., Wells, Deborah L.

  18. Evaluation of relationships between dogs and owners: the Turkish translation, reliability and validity study of cat/dog owner relationship scale (C/DORS)

    | Contributor(s):: Kaya, U., Ozen, D., Yazlik, M. O., Kosem, S., Gurcan, I. S.

  19. The relaxing massage technique as a new tool to improve the human/animal relationship and the animal welfare parametersTecnica de massagem relaxante como ferramenta para melhorar a relacao humano-animal e os parametros de bem-estar animal

    | Contributor(s):: Leite, L. O., Nunes-Pinheiro, D. C. S., Hotzel, M. J.

  20. Welfare, well treatment and animal protection : concepts, definitions and practiceBien-entre, bientraitance et protection des animaux: concepts, definitions, applications

    | Contributor(s):: Gilbert, C., Fabre-Deloye, A.