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  1. The Role of Activist & Media Communication in Helping Humanity Establish its Responsibility Toward Fellow Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carrie P. Freeman

    This chapter explores how communication is the fundamental means by which animal and environmental advocates and the media can increase awareness of and accountability for our harmful actions toward nonhuman animals in the Anthropocene era in order to facilitate restorative public intervention...

  2. Psychological factors underpinning child-animal relationships and preventing animal cruelty

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Roxanne D. Hawkins

    Despite a growing increase in popularity of human-animal interaction research, there remains a lack of understanding of the reasons why children are cruel to animals and whether early intervention is effective in preventing cruelty and neglect. The aims of this thesis were to deepen our...

  3. Husbandry Practices, Health, and Welfare Status of Organic Broilers in France

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rozenn Souillard, Jean-Michel Répérant, Catherine Experton, Adeline Huneau-Salaun, Jenna Coton, Loïc Balaine, Sophie Le Bouquin

    Organic poultry production has increased sharply with growing consumer demand in the context of sustainable development. A study was conducted in 85 organic broiler flocks between 2014 and 2015 to describe the husbandry practices and the health and welfare status of organic broilers in France,...

  4. Brexit and AnimalWelfare Impact Assessment: Analysis of the Threats Brexit Poses to Animal Protection in the UK, EU and Internationally

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steven P. McCulloch

    The British people voted in a 2016 referendum to leave the European Union (EU). Brexit presents both threats and opportunities to animal protection in the United Kingdom (UK), EU and internationally. This paper discusses threats to animal protection in terms of five criteria. These are first,...

  5. Talking to Cows: Reactions to Different Auditory Stimuli During Gentle Human-Animal Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Lange, A., Bauer, L., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S., Lürzel, S.

  6. Qualitative behavioural assessment of pain in castrated lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Masłowska, Katarzyna, Mizzoni, Fabiana, Dwyer, Cathy M., Wemelsfelder, Francoise

    This study investigates for the first time the application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) to the analysis of acute pain expression in castrated lambs. Eighty 2-day-old male lambs were allocated to one of 4 groups (n = 20 per treatment): handled only (control, C), rubber ring...

  7. Arena behaviour of Merino weaners is heritable and affected by divergent selection for number of lambs weaned per ewe mated

    | Contributor(s):: Cloete, Schalk W. P., Burger, Marelee, Scholtz, Anna J., Cloete, Jasper J. E., Kruger, Anna C. M., Dzama, Kennedy

    Data of 3375 6.5-month-old Merino weaners from two divergently selected lines at Elsenburg were used to evaluate the genetics of the response of weaner lambs to flock isolation and a stationary human in an arena test. The High (H) line was selected upwards and the Low (L) line was selected...

  8. Testing ultra-wideband technology as a method of tracking fast-growing broilers under commercial conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, Mary, O’Connell, Niamh E.

    Ultra-wideband (UWB) is an indoor positioning technology that has several advantages over current methods of tracking indoor reared broiler chickens, including providing long-term data on movement patterns without the effect of observer presence. More information is needed on the accuracy of this...

  9. Rewarding memories? Behaviour of broiler chickens towards peat in flocks with and without previous exposure to peat

    | Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, BenSassi, Neila, Vasdal, Guro, Newberry, Ruth C.

    Under commercial conditions, environmental provisions assumed to have an enriching effect on broiler chicken welfare may be offered infrequently and at limited locations, raising questions about their enrichment value. We hypothesized that, if broilers given limited access to peat remembered peat...

  10. Pigs with but not without access to pieces of recently harvested wood show reduced pen-mate manipulation after a provision of feed and straw

    | Contributor(s):: Telkanranta, Helena, Valros, Anna

    In barren environments of commercial farms, pig often redirect their rooting and chewing behaviours at other pigs, which can lead to tail biting. When materials such as straw are provided, the quantity is usually too small to have an effect. The aim of this study was to test whether small...

  11. The effect of two different farrowing systems on sow behaviour, and piglet behaviour, mortality and growth

    | Contributor(s):: Loftus, Loni, Bell, Grace, Padmore, Emily, Atkinson, Samantha, Henworth, Andrew, Hoyle, Mark

    Farrowing crates have traditionally been used to reduce occurrence of piglet mortality as a result of sow crushing. However the utilisation of traditional farrowing crates has been suggested to contribute to negative welfare for both the sow and piglets. This study compared mortality rates,...

  12. Play behaviour reduced by environmental enrichment in fast-growing broiler chickens

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, Zhenzhen, Torrey, Stephanie, Newberry, Ruth C., Widowski, Tina

    The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of environmental enrichment on play behaviour in fast-growing broiler chickens. Chicks (19 of each sex) were randomly assigned to 6 non-enriched (NE) pens and 6 pens enriched (E) with a raised platform, hanging weighing scale, peck stone, and...

  13. Dually investigated: The effect of a pressure headcollar on the behaviour, discomfort and stress of trained horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Wild, Hayley, Dai, Francesca, Bordin, Alexandre, Cameron-Whytock, Heather, White, Samuel J., Yarnell, Kelly, Starbuck, Gareth, Jolivald, Aurelie, Birkbeck, Lauren, Hallam, Sarah, Costa, Emanuela Dalla

    The Dually™ is a control headcollar designed to improve equine behaviour during handling challenges by applying greater pressure than a standard headcollar. Previous research indicated it did not improve compliance in naïve horses but did result in higher Horse Grimace Scale scores (HGS)...

  14. Operant learning is disrupted when opioid reward pathways are blocked in the domesticated hen

    | Contributor(s):: Fountain, Jade, Hazel, Susan J., Ryan, Terry, Taylor, Peta S.

    There is limited research into mesolimbic function specific to birds and, specifically, how neurobiological reward mechanisms affect learning in domestic laying hens (Gallus gallus domesticus). A more thorough understanding of these mechanisms has implications for the improvement of welfare....

  15. Personality traits modulate stress responses after enclosure change of captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves

    Husbandry procedures may cause behavioral and physiological changes to animals living in captivity. However, an individual’s reaction is not uniform and may be related to different coping strategies. In this study, we analyzed whether and how 12 adult captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus...

  16. A One Health message about bats increases intentions to follow public health guidance on bat rabies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hang Lu, Katherine A. McComas, Danielle E. Buttke, Sungjong Roh, Margaret A. Wild

    Since 1960, bat rabies variants have become the greatest source of human rabies deaths in the United States. Improving rabies awareness and preventing human exposure to rabid bats remains a national public health priority today. Concurrently, conservation of bats and the ecosystem benefits they...

  17. Investigating the Impact of Indemnity Waivers on the Length of Stay of Cats at an Australian Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Pockett, Bronwyn Orr, Evelyn Hall, Wye Li Chong, Mark Westman

    Due to resource limitations, animal shelters in Australia historically have focused on rehoming animals considered ‘highly adoptable’. Increasingly, animal shelters in Australia are rehoming animals with pre-existing medical and/or behavioural issues. These animals are often rehomed...

  18. Spatial Design of Guest Feeding Programs and Their Effects on Giraffe Participation and Social Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Ramis, F., Mohr, M., Kohn, G., Gibson, Q., Bashaw, M., Maloney, D., Maple, T.

  19. Historical Perspective of Euthanasia in Veterinary Medicine

    | Contributor(s):: Cooney, K.

  20. Dog-assisted therapy in the dental clinic. Part B. Hazards and assessment of potential risks to the health and safety of the dental therapy dog

    | Contributor(s):: Gussgard, A. M., Weese, J. S., Hensten, A., Jokstad, A.