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  1. Challenges of Compassionate Conservation

    Contributor(s):: Gray, Jenny

    The substantial and urgent threats to the prosperity of individual nonhuman animals and the survival of species necessitate a changed approach to conservation. The current practice of seeing conservation and animal welfare as contradictory goals is not helpful. It is proposed that the approach...

  2. Case Studies of the Impacts of Cataract Surgery on Crested Penguin Welfare

    Contributor(s):: Heintz, Matthew R., Fuller, Grace A., Woodhouse, Sarah J., Murray, Anna, Allard, Stephanie M.

    As nonhuman animals age, geriatric individuals require additional care and veterinary support to ensure their well being. The focus on lifelong care is a relatively newer approach when providing good welfare, and few studies have examined how veterinary care impacts behavior at different ages or...

  3. Assessment of Welfare Issues During Traditional Slaughter of Goats in Pretoria, South Africa

    Contributor(s):: Qekwana, Daniel N., McCrindle, Cheryl M. E., Oguttu, James W., Grace, Delia, Cenci-Goga, Beniamino T.

    Goats are traditionally slaughtered to celebrate marriages and births, venerate ancestors, address personal problems, or perform a ritual during funerals. The objective of this study was to assess nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with the traditional slaughter of goats in and around...

  4. Assessing Effectiveness of a Nonhuman Animal Welfare Education Program for Primary School Children

    Contributor(s):: Hawkins, Roxanne D., Williams, Joanne M., Animals, Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to

    Nonhuman animal welfare education aims to promote positive relationships between children and animals and thus improve animal welfare, yet few scientific evaluations of these programs exist. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program developed by the Scottish Society...

  5. Applying Behavioral Conditioning to Identify Anticipatory Behaviors

    Contributor(s):: Krebs, Bethany L., Torres, Erika, Chesney, Charlie, Moon, Veronica Kantoniemi, Watters, Jason V.

    The ability to predict regular events can be adaptive for nonhuman animals living in an otherwise unpredictable environment. Animals may exhibit behavioral changes preceding a predictable event; such changes reflect anticipatory behavior. Anticipatory behavior is broadly defined as a...

  6. Application of the Hands-On Donkey Tool for Assessing the Welfare of Working Equids at Tuliman, Mexico

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Galindo, F., Aluja, A. de, Cagigas, R., Huerta, L. A., Tadich, T. A.

    Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the...

  7. Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets

    | Contributor(s):: Vitulli, Valeria, Zanin, Laura, Trentini, Roberto, Lucidi, Pia

    The overpopulation of shelters and the increase of homeless dogs have become serious problems in many countries. One contributor to the number of both sheltered and homeless dogs is the abandonment and relinquishment of pet dogs by their owners for different reasons – in many cases depending on...

  8. Animal-Based Welfare Assessment of Cattle and Water Buffalo in Bangladeshi Slaughterhouses

    | Contributor(s):: Alam, Mohammad Rashedul, Islam, Md Jahirul, Amin, Al, Shaikat, Amir Hossan, Pasha, Md Ridoan, Doyle, Rebecca E.

    This study quantified the welfare of 423 cattle and water buffalo in four Bangladeshi slaughterhouses to identify facility and species-specific factors that influence welfare. The majority of animals arrived at the slaughterhouse with injuries, signs of dehydration and oculo-nasal discharge....

  9. Analysis of Non-conformities in Road Transport of Animals in Poland

    | Contributor(s):: Wasilewski, Jacek, Szczepanik, Małgorzata, Burski, Zbigniew, Juściński, Sławomir

    The paper presents the results of analysis of inspections of animal transport vehicles in Poland in 2007–2016. Due to animal welfare and the increased epidemiological risk the animal control system included the points of carriage provided for in the animal carriage law, i.e., during transport, at...

  10. Belief in Pigs’ Capacity to Suffer: An Assessment of Pig Farmers, Veterinarians, Students, and Citizens

    | Contributor(s):: Peden, Rachel S. E., Camerlink, Irene, Boyle, Laura A., Loughnan, Steve, Akaichi, Faical, Turner, Simon P.

    Intensive animal production practices lead to animal suffering worldwide. This study examined whether farmers cope with the negative impact of farming practices on their animals by ascribing them less capacity to suffer compared with other species. Most people like eating meat but find animal...

  11. Australian and New Zealand Veterinary Students’ Ranking of Issues in Aquatic Animal Welfare and Ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Lloyd, Janice K. F., Collins, Teresa, Cornish, Amelia R., Degeling, Christopher, Fawcett, Anne, Fisher, Andrew D., Freire, Rafael, Hazel, Susan J., Hood, Jennifer, Johnson, Jane, Phillips, Clive J. C., Stafford, Kevin J., Tzioumis, Vicky, McGreevy, Paul D.

    The welfare of aquatic animals is receiving increasing attention around the world, and this should be reflected in the veterinary curricular. Veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand ranked the importance of five pre-selected topics on aquatic animal welfare and ethical issues for newly...

  12. Children’s Welfare Knowledge of and Empathy with Farm Animals: A Qualitative Study

    | Contributor(s):: Burich, Lisbeth, Williams, Joanne M.

    Public concern for farm animal welfare is increasing in the UK, as is evidenced by recent legislation. Calls have been made to enhance awareness of food, farming, and farm animal welfare among school children, yet educators have very little research available to aid meaningful design of farm...

  13. The Responsible Dog Owner: The Construction of Responsibility

    | Contributor(s):: Westgarth, Carri, Christley, Robert M., Marvin, Garry, Perkins, Elizabeth

    Policy and campaigning messages related to dog ownership and welfare center on the concept of responsible ownership. However, the perspectives and experiences of pet owners and how they perceive and perform their responsibilities has not been studied in depth. This qualitative study used...

  14. Reptile Ownership in Balkan Countries: Demographics and Reliance on Veterinary Advice

    | Contributor(s):: Vučinić, Marijana, Hajzler, Ivana, Terzin, Jelena, Nenadović, Katarina, Janković, Ljiljana, Voslarova, Eva, Vučićević, Miloš

    The objective of the research was to determine the profile of reptile owners (n = 238) in terms of their socio-demographic characteristics and evaluations of veterinarians’ expertise. Reptile owners living in four non-EU Balkan countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia)...

  15. Attitudes toward Animals of Students at Three European Veterinary Medicine Schools in Italy and Spain

    | Contributor(s):: Menor-Campos, David J., Diverio, Silvana, Sánchez-Muñoz, Carolina, López-Rodríguez, Rocío, Gazzano, Angelo, Palandri, Lorenzo, Mariti, Chiara

    The European Veterinary Code of Conduct recognizes the crucial role of veterinarians in improving animal welfare and maintaining its standards. However, several studies have claimed that veterinary students’ attitudes toward animals may worsen as they progress through their academic training....

  16. Animal Welfare Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Stockpersons in Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: Wambui, Joseph, Lamuka, Peter, Karuri, Edward, Matofari, Joseph

    The stockpersons handling the transportation of animals between farms and slaughterhouses are rarely assessed for their animal welfare knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). Thus, this investigation presents a unique opportunity to study these interactions. Herein, a cross-sectional survey...

  17. Why Do People Feed Free-roaming Cats? The Role of Anticipated Regret in an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior in Malaysia

    | Contributor(s):: Khor, Mei Mei, Davey, Gareth, Zhao, Xiang

    Free-roaming cats are common in residential and public areas in Malaysia and approach people for food. However, the psychological determinants of public feeding are unknown. This study investigated public perceptions of feeding free-roaming cats, based on an extended theory of planned behavior...

  18. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Cat Care and Needs Scale (CCANS)

    | Contributor(s):: Delgado, Mikel M., Reevy, Gretchen M.

    The objective of this study was to develop a brief scale, primarily intended for research applications, that measures how well people report meeting the welfare needs of their pet cats. The practice of keeping cats as a companion animal has increased, and despite their popularity, many cats...

  19. Happy Chickens Lay Tastier Eggs: Motivations for Buying Free-range Eggs in Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Bray, Heather J., Ankeny, Rachel A.

    Recent public interest in so-called “ethical” food production, and in particular the welfare of intensively housed farm animals, has been linked to an increase in sales of free-range eggs in several countries including Australia. Animal activist groups around the world have campaigned for the...

  20. Children’s Attitudes toward Cats on St. Kitts, West Indies

    | Contributor(s):: Artemiou, Elpida, Conan, Anne, Knobel, Darryn L., Thompson, Randel, Spackman, Claire, Kelly, Patrick J.

    Little is known of the attitudes of Caribbean people toward freeroaming and pet cats, so we conducted a questionnaire survey of primaryschool children aged 5 to 13 years (n = 417, 206 girls and 209 boys, while two questionnaires did not indicate gender) in 23 schools around St. Kitts. Over 50%...