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  1. Exploring the use of complementary and alternative approaches to health care on UK dairy farms

    Contributor(s):: Crouch, K., Cabral, C., Cramer, H., Rees, G., Sharp, D., Barrett, D. C.

  2. One world, one health, one virology of the mysterious labyrinth of coronaviruses: the canine coronavirus affair

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Annamaria Pratelli, Alessio Buonavoglia, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Tempesta, Michele Camero, Vito Martella, Nicola Decaro

    Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) often have animal origins and then adapt to humans by jumping directly or via an intermediate host. The emergence of SARS-CoV in 2003, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 in late-2019, confirms that coronaviruses can cause severe-to-fatal disease and that bats are...

  3. Afyonkarahisar İli Süt Sığırcılığı İşletmelerinde Hayvan Refahının Barınak Ve Yetiştirme Şartları Yönünden Değerlendirilmesi

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ersen Şahanoglu

    Bu çalışma, sığırcılık işletmelerinde barınak ölçüleri, ekipman, sıcaklık, nem, gazlar ve bazı yetiştirme işlemlerinin hayvan refahı yönünden incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma 2013 yılında Afyonkarahisar ilinde bulunan 101 adet sığırcılık işletmesinde...

  4. The One Health Approach to Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention Strategies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: A. Alonso Aguirre, Travis Longcore, Michelle Barbieri, Haydee Dabritz, Dolores Hill, Patrice N. Klein, Christopher Lepczyk, Emily L. Lilly, Rima McLeod, Judith Milcarsky, Caroline E. Murphy, Chunlei Su, Elizabeth VanWormer, Robert Yolken, Grant C. Sizemore

    One Health is a collaborative, interdisciplinary effort that seeks optimal health for people, animals, plants, and the environment. Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is an intracellular protozoan infection distributed worldwide, with a heteroxenous life cycle that practically affects...

  5. Raising Animals Without Antibiotics: U.S. Producer and Veterinarian Experiences and Opinions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Randall S. Singer, Leah J. Porter, Daniel U. Thomson, Mallory Gage, Amanda Beaudoin, Jennifer K. Wishnie

    Ensuring the safety, health, and overall well-being of animals raised for food is both an ethical obligation and a critical component of providing safe food products. The use of antibiotics for maintaining animal health has come under scrutiny in recent years due to the rise of antibiotic...

  6. I Am a Compassionate Conservation Welfare Scientist: Considering the Theoretical and Practical Differences Between Compassionate Conservation and Conservation Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ngaio J. Beausoleil

    Compassionate Conservation and Conservation Welfare are two disciplines whose practitioners advocate consideration of individual wild animals within conservation practice and policy. However, they are not, as is sometimes suggested, the same. Compassionate Conservation and Conservation Welfare...

  7. Evidence of Pain, Stress, and Fear of Humans During Tail Docking and the Next Four Weeks in Piglets (Sus scrofa domesticus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Céline Tallet, Marine Rakotomahandry, Sabine Herlemont, Armelle Prunier

    Tail docking is widely performed in pig farms to prevent tail biting. We investigated the consequences of this practice on behavioral indicators of pain and stress, and on the human-piglet relationship during lactation.Within 19 litters, piglets (1–3 days of age) were submitted on day 0...

  8. Uncontrolled Outdoor Access for Cats: An Assessment of Risks and Benefits

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah M.L. Tan, Anastasia C. Stellato, Lee Niel

    Uncontrolled outdoor access is associated with a number of welfare concerns for companion cats, including increased risks of disease and parasites, injury or death due to traffic, predation or ingestion of toxic substances, and getting permanently separated from their owner. In addition, cats...

  9. Making the Case: Adding a Social Work Perspective to a Case Study in a Veterinary Practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Gerstenblatt, Diane Rhodes, Dorothea Ivey

    This article describes a case study exploration of a veterinary practice from the perspective of social work. Recognizing the stressful work of veterinary providers, including compassion fatigue and high suicide rates, the current study identified both a need for and the potential role of...

  10. Effect of Age, Breed, and Sex on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Owner Assessed Healthy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Susan Rodger, E Marian Scott, Andrea Nolan, Andrea K Wright, Jacqueline Reid

    Using an app, this exploratory study generated information on HRQL in a large cohort of dogs deemed healthy according to the owner. It forms the basis for further studies investigating the natural history of HRQL of dogs to inform the interpretation of interventional studies, but highlights the...

  11. Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (WALY): A novel metric of animal welfare that combines the impacts of impaired welfare and abbreviated lifespan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maertens De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul D. McGreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio, Navneet K. Dhand

    Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the...

  12. Discipline-Based Education Research for Animal Welfare Science

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jill R. D. MacKay

    Animal welfare science features interdisciplinary and collaborative working across fields, spanning behavioural ecology, psychology, veterinary sciences, economics, and fundamental biology. However, education research is not yet prevalent within the animal welfare literature. In a Web of...

  13. Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions: A One Health-One Welfare Systemic Approach to Studying HAI

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leconstant, C., Spitz, E.

    The Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions (IMHAI) described herewith provides a conceptual framework for the study of interspecies interactions and aims to model the primary emotional processes involved in human-animal interactions. This model was developed from theoretical inputs from...

  14. Health Status of 'Community Cats' Living in the Tourist Area of the Old Town in Onomichi City, Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Ueda, Yoshihide, Tanida, Hajime

  15. To pet or to enrich? Increasing dogs' welfare in veterinary clinics/shelters: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Lopes, J. V. S. R., Daud, N. M., Young, R. J., Azevedo, C. S. de

  16. Health comparison between guinea pigs raised in uncontrolled and controlled environments

    | Contributor(s):: Laksmindra, Fitria, Nastiti, Wijayanti, Tuty, Arisuryanti, Salasia, S. I. O.

  17. Human-cat emotional closeness and unacceptable behavior in cats: a Brazilian perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Franck, K. R., Paz, J. E. G., Costa, E. de F., Costa, F. V. A. da

  18. Visitors’ Self-Reported Knowledge and Attitudes about an Animal-Free Exhibit on Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmus, Marisa, Rollins, Jeffrey

  19. Address the end of life of the animal in the presence of the children of the familyApproccio al fine vita dell'animale in presenza di bambini

    | Contributor(s):: Caux, A., Dattee, V.

  20. "The Cone of Shame": Welfare Implications of Elizabethan Collar Use on Dogs and Cats as Reported by their Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yustina Shenoda, Michael P. Ward, Dorothy McKeegan, Anne Fawcett

    Elizabethan collars are used in companion animals primarily to prevent self-trauma and associated negative welfare states in animals. However, they have been anecdotally associated with negative impacts on animal health and welfare including distress, abraded/ulcerated skin and misadventure....