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  1. Efficacy of Manual Ventilation Techniques During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Hopper, Marlis L. Rezende, Angela Borchers, Steven E. Epstein

    The efficacy of ventilation of dogs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a tight fitting face mask or mouth-to-nose rescue breathing has not been evaluated. Twentyfour purpose bred research dogs: Dogs were randomized to be ventilated by cuffed orotracheal tube, tight fitting face...

  2. Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Priscilla Regina Tamioso, Daniel Santiago Rucinque, Mara Miele, Alain Boissy, Carla Forte Maiolino Molento

    The study compared the perception of ordinary citizens from Curitiba, Brazil (OB) and Clermont-Ferrand, France (OF), as well as OB, Brazilian veterinarians (VB), biologists (BB) and animal scientists (AB), concerning animal welfare and sentience. An online survey containing 18 open-ended,...

  3. Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do

    Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...

  4. Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel

    Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...

  5. Establishing a One Health office in Kenya

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Murithi Mbabu, Ian Njeru, Sarah File, Eric Osoro, Stella Kiambi, Austine Bitek, Peter Ithondeka, Salome Kairu-Wanyoike, Shanaaz Sharif, Eric Gogstad, Francis Gakuya, Kaitlin Sandhaus, Peninah Munyua, Joel Montgomery, Robert Breiman, Carol Rubin, Kariuki Njenga

    A  One  Health  (OH)  approach  that  integrates human,animal  and  environmental  approaches  to  management  of  zoonotic  diseases  has  gained momentum in the last decadeas part of a strategy to prevent and...

  6. Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez

    Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...

  7. 2016 Study of Current Conditions of Kentucky County Animal Shelters and Degree of Compliance with Kentucky Animal Shelter Laws

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cynthia L. Gaskill, Rachel Cullman-Clark, Liane Lachiewicz, Matt Lamarre, Brad Rohleder, Kristin Sadler, Rachel Sparling, Craig N. Carter

    Kentucky’s county animal shelter conditions have not been studied for over 20 years. Major goals of this study were to assess current conditions in Kentucky’s county shelters and determine the degree of compliance with Kentucky shelter laws. Additional information was gathered to...

  8. Effects of Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies on Equine Stress and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Jean Reega

    Equine assisted activities and therapies (EAATs) are becoming an increasingly popular approach for therapy, therapeutic recreation, and learning for a broad range of human clients and participants. In the EAAT field, most research has been human-centric, focusing primarily on benefits of EAATs...

  9. Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: William B. Karesh, Andy Dobson, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Juan Lubroth, Matthew A. Dixon, Malcolm Bennett, Stephen Aldrich, Todd Harrington, Pierre Formenty, Elizabeth H. Loh, Catherine C. Machalaba, Mathew Jason Thomas, David L. Heymann

    More than 60% of human infectious diseases are caused by pathogens shared with wild or domestic animals. Zoonotic disease organisms include those that are endemic in human populations or enzootic in animal populations with frequent cross-species transmission to people. Some of these diseases...

  10. Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...

  11. One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases

    | Contributor(s):: Michael J Day

    The international prominence accorded the 'One Health' concept of co-ordinated activity of those involved in human and animal health is a modern incarnation of a long tradition of comparative medicine, with roots in the ancient civilizations and a golden era during the 19th century...

  12. Interspecies interactions and potential Influenza A virus risk in small swine farms in Peru

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah McCune, Carmen S Arriola, Robert H Gilman, Martin A Romero, Viterbo Ayvar, Vitaliano A Cama, Joel M Montgomery, Armando E Gonzales, Angela M Bayer

    The recent avian influenza epidemic in Asia and the H1N1 pandemic demonstrated that influenza A viruses pose a threat to global public health. The animal origins of the viruses confirmed the potential for interspecies transmission. Swine are hypothesized to be prime "mixing vessels" due...

  13. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    | Contributor(s):: Cole, J., Fraser, D.

  14. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.

  15. Influência de um ordenhador aversivo sobre a produção leiteira de vacas da raça Holandesa

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Jose Hotzel, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado Filho, Maria Christina Yunes, Marcela Cristina A. C. da Silveira

    In the present study the hypothesis that fear of humans is long-lasting and may influence milk production in Holstein cows was tested. One person (the aversive handler) carried out two daily sessions of an aversive treatment during 21 days, where each cow received two slaps on the rump and a...

  16. Paws and Think, Inc.

    Paws and Think, Inc. was founded in 2001 as a 501(c)(3) organization to bring the benefits off the human-animal bond to both people and dogs.  Our Mission is Improving lives through the power of the human-dog connection.  We do this through our Youth-Canine programs, helping at-risk or...

  17. Animal Assisted Play Therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Risë VanFleet, Tracie Faa-Thompson

    Animal Assisted Play Therapy™ is the culmination of the authors' combined 75 years of experience working with animals as a part of their therapeutic practice. Professional practitioners, as well as the paraprofessionals who work in tandem with them, will find this book of enormous...

  18. An Evaluation of the Oral Microbiome and Potential Zoonoses of Two Ubiquitous South African Strepsirrhines, Otolemur crassicaudatus and Galago moholi.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael John Strinden

    As Otolemur crassicaudatus and Galago moholi are ubiquitous throughout part of South Africa they are thought to be at little conservation risk. However, this has resulted in a situation where these species are seldom studied. This thesis addresses this lack of knowledge...

  19. Xenotransplantation, Subsistence Hunting and the Pursuit of Health: Lessons for Animal Rights-Based Vegan Advocacy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathan M. Nobis

    I argue that, contrary to what Tom Regan suggests, his rights view implies that subsistence hunting is wrong, that is, killing animals for food is wrong even when they are the only available food source, since doing so violates animal rights. We can see that subsistence hunting is wrong on...

  20. Demystifying Animal Rights

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mylan Engel Jr.

    According to the mysteriousness objection, moral rights are wholly mysterious, metaphysically suspect entities. Given their unexplained character and dubious metaphysical status, the objection goes, we should be ontologically parsimonious and deny that such entities exist. I defend Tom...