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  1. The children's treatment of animals questionnaire: a Rasch analysis

    Contributor(s):: McDonald, S. E., Vidacovich, C., Ascione, F. R., Williams, J. H., Green, K. E.

    The study of human-animal interactions is limited by a paucity of empirically validated measures of humane treatment of companion animals. The current study reports findings from a psychometric analysis of the Children's treatment of animals Questionnaire (CTAQ; thompson and Gullone 2003), an...

  2. The meaning of companion animals for children and adolescents with autism: the parents' perspective

    Contributor(s):: Bystrom, K. M., Persson, C. A. L.

    The aim of this study was to understand parents' perspectives on how children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) benefit from a relationship with companion animals. Parents were invited to participate in focus-group discussions. One open-ended question with follow- up questions...

  3. Jul 07 2015

    International Society of Anthrozoology 2015 Conference: Topics in Human-Animal Interactions

    The ISAZ 2015 conference will be held in Saratoga Springs, New York, from July 7-July 9, 2015. The conference will be held at the Saratoga Hilton, in charming downtown Saratoga Springs. If you are...

  4. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of animal-assisted therapy on psychosocial outcomes

    Contributor(s):: Maujean, A., Pepping, C. A., Kendall, E.

    The use of animal-assisted interventions (aaIs) to achieve psychological benefits has expanded rapidly over the last few years. However, this is a vastly under-researched area, and the research to date has been largely descriptive, in the form of case studies, or has used only small groups of...

  5. Anthropomorphizing dogs: projecting one's own personality and consequences for supporting animal rights

    Contributor(s):: Brown, C. M., McLean, J. L.

    The purpose of this paper was twofold: First, to test if people project their own personality traits onto dogs, and second, to examine if considering the psychological state of dogs increases support for animal rights more broadly. In studies 1 and 2, participants read descriptions of dog...

  6. Attitudes toward animals among kindergarten children: species preferences

    Contributor(s):: Borgi, M., Cirulli, F.

    Attitudes toward animals are influenced by both animal traits (e.g., similarity to humans, aesthetic quality, size) and individual human attributes (e.g., gender, age, educational level, cultural factors). Although the examination of children's interest in animals, and their preference for...

  7. Brief measures of the Animal Attitude Scale

    Contributor(s):: Herzog, H., Grayson, S., McCord, D.

    There is increasing interest among social and behavioral scientists in brief measures of attitudes and personality traits. Based on factor analysis and using an existing data set ( n=400 adults), we constructed a 5- and a 10-item version of the widely used animal attitude Scale (AAS). Both...

  8. Denial of death and the relationship between humans and other animals

    Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Mountain, M.

    The focus of this paper is to explore how cultural anthropologist Ernest Becker's claim that human behavior is largely motivated by fear of death may explain important aspects of our relationship with nonhuman animals. Terror management theory (tmt) suggests that when we humans are reminded of...

  9. Dog people and cat people differ on dominance-related traits

    Contributor(s):: Alba, B., Haslam, N.

    Many people identify themselves as being either a "cat person" or a "dog person" based on their preference for these domestic animals. The purpose of this study was to test the common belief that there are personality differences between these types. Previous research has found differences...

  10. Dog-sport competitors: what motivates people to participate with their dogs in sporting events?

    Contributor(s):: Farrell, J. M., Hope, A. E., Hulstein, R., Spaulding, S. J.

    Interactions between dogs and humans, including participating in physical activities and dog-sport events, are beneficial for both parties. Self-Determination Theory was used as a framework to explore dog-sport competitors' motivation to participate in dog-sport events. Eighty-five competitors...

  11. Empathy-related ratings to still images of human and nonhuman animal groups in negative contexts graded for phylogenetic similarity

    Contributor(s):: Ingham, H. R. W., Neumann, D. L., Waters, A. M.

    Research using film stimuli has shown that the strength of empathy-related responses toward nonhuman animals is related to the amount of phylogenetic similarity of the animals to humans. The present study aimed to develop and validate a new set of still images depicting humans and nonhuman...

  12. Public attitudes in India and Australia toward elephants in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Gurusamy, V., Tribe, A., Toukhsati, S., Phillips, C. J. C.

    We surveyed the attitudes of people toward captive elephants in australia, where importation into zoos has been controversial recently, compared with India, where elephants are indigenous. Both australian (AR, n=101) and Indian (IR, n=101) respondents rated conservation as the most important...

  13. Seeing dogs: human preferences for dog physical attributes

    Contributor(s):: Hecht, J., Horowitz, A.

    This study systematically investigated peoples' preferences for dog physical attributes in images of real-life dogs. Participants ( n=124) completed an aesthetic-preference test wherein they viewed 80 image pairs of mixed-breed adult dogs and were asked which image they "liked best." In each...

  14. The effect of an animal-assisted intervention on anxiety and pain in hospitalized children

    Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Knisely, J. S., Schubert, C. M., Green, J. D., Ameringer, S.

    Forty children between the ages of 8 and 18 years, who were admitted to a hospital pediatric unit, were randomly assigned to an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) or an active control condition (working on an age-appropriate jigsaw puzzle). Ratings of pain and anxiety were taken both pre- and...

  15. A case for a naturalistic perspective: response to Lawrence and Bekoff

    Contributor(s):: Paxton, D. W.

    The author responds to commentaries on his original paper noting that "The paper is about questions, not answers. The orthodoxanswer in urban animal management — responsible pet ownership — is really the target of the naturalistic perspective. The paper requests urban authorities to always ask...

  16. Anthropomorphism in Japanese women's status terms used in talk to potential guide dogs

    Contributor(s):: Koda, N.

    "The attitudes of Japanese volunteer puppy walkers toward potentialguide dogs is clarified by [analyzing] what they say to their dogs [in terms of anthropomorphism]."

  17. Children who supernurture animals: a call for sociological (and other) study

    Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.

    The author suggests that "to significantly advance our understand-ing of humane behavior and to instill or enhance its presence in children, we need to go “back to the drawing board” and ask somenew questions about kindness toward animals and use some different, and more exploratory, sociological...

  18. Dogs, cats, and morale maintenance: some preliminary data

    Contributor(s):: Albert, A., Anderson, M.

    "In this paper we present some prelimi-nary data on the contributions of dogs andcats to morale maintenance and positivesocial interaction within the family."

  19. Human clothing and dog behavior: an unproven hypothesis

    Contributor(s):: Herzog, H.

    The author identifies possible problems in the "design and interpretation of experiments [earlier reported in this journal that] seriously compromise the conclusion that dogs are influenced in systematic ways by human clothing patterns."

  20. Myths used to legitimize the exploitation of animals: an application of Social Dominance Theory

    Contributor(s):: Hyers, L. L.

    Social Dominance Theory (SDT) is used as a framework for understanding human attitudes towards the use of animals. According to SDT, people high in Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) prefer a hierarchically stratified society and generate "legitimizing myths" to justify their privileges. To...