Nonverbal communication and human-dog interaction
Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B.
Human-dog interaction relies to a large extent on nonverbal communication, and it is therefore plausible that human sensitivity to nonverbal signals affects interactions between human and dog. Experience with dogs is also likely to influence human-dog interactions, and it has been suggested that...
Sociality motivation and anthropomorphic thinking about pets
Contributor(s):: Paul, E. S., Moore, A., McAinsh, P., Symonds, E., McCune, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
Sociality motivation, the need to feel socially connected with others, has been proposed as an important determinant of individual variation in anthropomorphic thinking. Specifically, it has been suggested that people who are socially isolated or disconnected will tend to infer more human-like...
The effect of dolphin-assisted therapy on the cognitive and social development of children with Down syndrome
Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., Enders-Slegers, M. J.
Cognitive and speech development are delayed in children with Down syndrome (DS). We investigated the effect of dolphin-assisted therapy (DAT), a form of animal-assisted intervention, on the development of speech/language and social behavior in children with DS. We hypothesized that DAT would...
The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases
Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.
Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...
The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample
Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.
Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...
The role of zoos in modern society - a comparison of zoos' reported priorities and what visitors believe they should be
Contributor(s):: Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C. F.
Modern zoos are required to fulfill a growing number of responsibilities including scientific research, wildlife conservation, public recreation, and education. With so many roles and responsibilities and limited funds, zoos have to prioritize their activities in relation to their own specified...
Institute for the Study of Human-Animal Relationships (ISHAR)
Canisius College affirms its strong commitment to the advancement of ethical thought as it pertains to mankind’s relationship with nature and the other species with which we share the planet. The Canisius College Institute for the Study of Human-Animal Relationships (ISHAR) is at the...
Anthrozoology and positive behaviour support: how the study of assistance dogs in developmental disability can foster collaborative research and practice
Contributor(s):: Butterly, Felicity, Percy, Carol, Ward, Gillian
Increasing our compassion footprint: the Animals’ Manifesto
Contributor(s):: Bekoff, Marc
Acceptability of animal-assisted therapy: attitudes toward AAT, psychotherapy, and medication for the treatment of child disruptive behavioral problems
Contributor(s):: Rabbitt, S. M., Kazdin, A. E., Hong, J.
Animal-assisted therapies (AATs) are not widely promoted in routine mental healthcare but represent a viable treatment option given positive perceptions of pets and growing evidence that animals provide meaningful contribution to psychological wellbeing. Relatively little is known about the...
Are therapy dogs like xanax? Does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy?
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Contributor(s):: Hunt, M. G., Chizkov, R. R.
Despite an increase in the popularity of animal-assisted therapy, little is known about the impact of animals on processes relevant to effective psychotherapy. This study tested the impact of having a dog present on process variables relevant to cognitive behavioral therapy, including emotional...
Companion animals and wellbeing when living with HIV in Australia
Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.
The aim of this study was to examine the impact of companion animals on wellbeing amongst individuals living with HIV in Australia. It was hypothesized that participants living with a companion animal would report greater emotional wellbeing than those who did not. It was also hypothesized that...
Evaluation of factors affecting emotional responses in zoo visitors and the impact of emotion on conservation mindedness
Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Bullock, E. V. W.
Creating experiences for visitors that increase their biological knowledge and inspire conservation mindedness is a critical task for zoos and aquariums. A growing body of literature suggests that emotional stimulation is affected by characteristics of both the visitor and the visitor's...
Living with wild dogs: personality dimensions in captive dingoes ( Canis dingo) and implications for ownership
Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P.
Despite the commonly held belief that wild canines do not make "good" household companions, many people choose to live with them. The aim of the present study was to investigate owner-rated personality in a population of dingoes living as companion animals. Owners recruited from a registered...
Naturalistic exhibits may be more effective than traditional exhibits at improving zoo-visitor attitudes toward African apes
Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E., Ross, S. R.
Zoos play a unique role in wildlife conservation, particularly in the area of conservation education. Because of their popularity and flagship status for broader conservation issues, great apes may prove to be one of the most important educational conduits in zoos. In 2002, we surveyed knowledge...
Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity
Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.
Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...
Psychometric properties of the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale: Mexican version (LAPS-M)
Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Quezada Berumen, L. del C., Landero Hernandez, R.
The Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale (LAPS) is perhaps the most widely used instrument to assess human emotional attachments to pets and is suitable for both dog and cat owners. However, this instrument has not been translated into Spanish. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the...
Social dimensions of the human-avian bond: parrots and their persons
Contributor(s):: Anderson, P. K.
Though birds are among the most popular companion animals in the United States, little scholarly research has focused on the human- companion parrot relationship. This study uses an ethnographic approach and qualitative analysis to examine the parrot-pet owner relationship. Two and one half weeks...
The effect of animal-assisted therapy on pain medication use after joint replacement
Contributor(s):: Havey, J., Vlasses, F. R., Vlasses, P. H., Ludwig-Beymer, P., Hackbarth, D.
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been used in a variety of healthcare settings and studies to evaluate the potential patient benefits are warranted. This retrospective study measured the impact of AAT on the use of oral pain medications by adults after total joint replacement surgery. One group...
Contributor(s):: Roscher, Mieke