Colin Steven Alsbro
Evolution of research into the mutual benefits of human–animal interaction
Contributor(s):: Sandra McCune, Katherine A. Kruger, James A. Griffin, Layla Esposito, Lisa S. Freund, Karyl J. Hurley, Regina Bures
There has been unprecedented development of research into human–animal interaction (HAI) in recent years, and this has produced rapid growth in our knowledge and understanding of the benefits that accrue from pet ownership. Recent evidence and developments in the field of HAI have improved...
An animal is not a human. Or is it?
Contributor(s):: McBride, Anne
From near extinction to 25th anniversary: After the first ten years of Anthrozoös
Contributor(s):: Podberscek, Anthony L.
A comparison of body size, coat condition and endoparasite diversity of wild Barbary macaques exposed to different levels of tourism
Contributor(s):: Borg, C., Majolo, B., Qarro, M., Semple, S.
Primate tourism is a rapidly growing industry with the potential to provide considerable conservation benefits. However, assessing the impact of tourists on the animals involved is vital to ensure that the conservation value of primate tourism is maximized. In this study, we compared body size,...
Acoustic signals of a dog and cat induce hemodynamic responses within the human brain
Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kobayashi, A., Maruko, T., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of the human frontal cortex when listening to cat meows and dog barks, accompanied with a non-verbal pictorial using an affective rating system that assesses the dimensions of valence and arousal. Each participant (24 students; 12 females...
Animal hoarding in Victoria, Australia: an exploratory study
Contributor(s):: Ockenden, E. M., Groef, B. de, Marston, L.
Animal hoarding not only presents significant welfare issues for the animals involved, but also for the hoarders and people in the surrounding community. Existing studies on the issue have primarily been undertaken in the USA and little is known about animal hoarding in other countries, including...
Animal suffering: representations and the act of looking
Contributor(s):: Aaltola, E.
Animal advocacy uses images of nonhuman suffering as a form of normative rhetoric and a method of persuasion. Although much attention has been given to various facets of the depiction of human suffering, images of animal suffering have, to a large extent, escaped closer scrutiny. This paper seeks...
Animal-assisted interventions in children's hospitals: a critical review of the literature
Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A., McArthur, M., Winefield, H., Hanieh, E., Hazel, S.
There is a perception in the scientific and general communities that hospitalized children benefit from visits by animals. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI), including animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities, usually involving dogs, are thus employed in pediatric hospitals....
Animals and the limits of ethnography
Contributor(s):: Madden, R.
Is ethnography (as constituted in the social sciences) a reliable method with which to understand interspecies intersubjectivity? Can a method that has become a cornerstone approach to a qualitative understanding of humans for more than a century interrogate the social ties between humans and...
Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison
Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.
Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...
Attitudes toward animals: a study of Portuguese children
Contributor(s):: Almeida, A., Vasconcelos, C., Strecht-Ribeiro, O.
In this study we analyzed the attitudes toward different animals in 210 Portuguese children: 107 boys and 103 girls, aged between 8 and 10 years, attending the 3rd and 4th years of primary school. We used a questionnaire with two distinct parts. In the first part, the children were asked about...
Camels out of place and time: the dromedary ( Camelus dromedarius) in Australia
Contributor(s):: Crowley, S. L.
The deserts of the Australian outback are ideal territories for dromedary camels, Camelus dromedarius. Dromedaries' flexible adaptations allow them to eat 80% of Australian plant species and they obtain much of their water through ingesting vegetation; they thrive where other species perish. In...
Dolphin-assisted therapy with parental involvement for children with severe disabilities: further evidence for a family-centered theory for effectiveness
Contributor(s):: Stumpf, E., Breitenbach, E.
Dolphin-assisted therapy has frequently been criticized for a lack of empirical results and theoretical foundation. In this study, results from an innovative dolphin-assisted therapy program for children with disabilities are presented. The therapeutic program is based on a sophisticated...
Equine gatekeepers, animal narratives and foxhunting landscapes
Contributor(s):: Acton, A.
Firstly, this paper analyzes the dynamic between horse, rider, and landscape in foxhunting culture. Secondly, it considers nonhuman animals as active elements within the research process. The methodology principally involved extensive, in-depth participation as a rider within mounted foxhound...
Equine-assisted intervention for people with dementia
Contributor(s):: Dabelko-Schoeny, H., Phillips, G., Darrough, E., Deanna, S., Jarden, M., Johnson, D., Lorch, G.
The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of using guided interactions with horses as a nonpharmaceutical intervention to improve the physiological and behavioral states of persons with dementia. A convenience sample of persons with dementia was...
Factors affecting the human interpretation of dog behavior
Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B., Paul, E. S.
Several factors influence how we interpret the behavior of another individual. In the current study, we investigated the effect of level of animal empathy, as well as the level of experience with dogs, on the interpretation of dog behavior. Forty-seven veterinary students participated in the...
Hefting onto place: intersecting lives of humans and sheep on Scottish hills landscape
Contributor(s):: Gray, J.
This paper analyzes the phenomenon called hefting of sheep onto the landscape of hill sheep farms in the Scottish Borders. It is based upon data collected during extended periods of ethnographic fieldwork beginning in 1981 and continuing to the present. Hefting is the term used by sheep farmers...
Interpretation of dog behavior by children and young adults
Contributor(s):: Lakestani, N. N., Donaldson, M. L., Waran, N.
This study investigates people's ability to interpret dog behavior. Inability to interpret dog behavior correctly may be a factor contributing to young children's higher likelihood of being bitten by dogs. Children (4- to 10-year-olds) and adults (total n=550) watched videos of dogs displaying...
Pups and babes: quantifying sources of difference in emotional and behavioral reactions to accounts of human and animal abuse
Contributor(s):: Daly, B., Taylor, N., Signal, T.
Anecdotal reports suggest that people may be affected more by media coverage of animal rather than human-related abuse. Findings of the extant research regarding this apparent effect are mixed and omit certain key variables that may drive differential reactions to abuse disclosure. The goal of...