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  1. Owning a dog and working: a telephone survey of dog owners and employers in Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Norling, A. Y., Keeling, L.

    Many dog owners are faced with the problem of what to do with their dog when they go to work. Different solutions to the problem may affect dogs, owners, and employers. In this study, 204 working, Swedish dog owners and 90 employers were interviewed by telephone regarding practical issues and...

  2. Paxton's panorama: naturalizing the bonds between people and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bekoff, M.

    The author "want[s] to point out some gray areas in Paxton’s essay where I think more fleshing out is needed, especially how hisideas relate, perhaps uniquely, to the human–dog bond."

  3. Provision of service dogs for people with mobility disabilities

    Contributor(s):: Miura, A., Tanida, H., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    The authors' note that "the purpose of the present survey was to investigate the current status of the provision of service dogs, and compare this with the provision of guide dogs for the blind."

  4. Reasons for relinquishment and return of domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus ) to rescue shelters in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Casey, R. A., Vandenbussche, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Roberts, M. A.

    Significant numbers of cats enter rescue and re-homing facilities each year, over half of which are relinquished directly by owners. Identifying the reasons why owners decide to give up their pet is an important step in the development of education strategies to encourage retention of cats by...

  5. Relations among need for power, affect and attitudes toward animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Oleson, J. C., Henry, B. C.

    Previous research has investigated the relationship between empathy with humans and attitudes toward animals. Developing a better understanding of this relationship, as well as other related variables, may assist in the prevention of antisocial behavior. The purpose of the current study was to...

  6. Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.

    Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...

  7. The changing roles of animals in western society: influences upon and from the veterinary profession

    Contributor(s):: Fogle, B.

    The author discusses the role of animals and the influences of gender on evolving social attitutes toward them, noting that veterinarians, both men and women, "need to lead the discussion not just reacting to changes in public perception."

  8. The effects of group and individual animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in residents of long-term care facilities

    Contributor(s):: Banks, M. R., Banks, W. A.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been shown to reduce the loneliness of residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). In this study, we determined the relative contribution of socialization (human-human bonding) and human-animal bonding as mechanisms by which AAT reduces loneliness. Residents...

  9. The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas

    Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.

    Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...

  10. The epidemiology of dog bite injuries in Switzerland - characteristics of victims, biting dogs and circumstances

    Contributor(s):: Horisberger, U., Stark, K. D. C., Rufenacht, J., Pillonel, C., Steiger, A.

    Dogs are a potential source of several health hazards for humans. Public attention has recently focussed on dog bites, and different prevention strategies have been suggested. As few data on dog bite epidemiology are available, a prospective study was conducted in family practices (FP) and...

  11. The hunter-gatherer prehistory of human-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Mithen, S.

    In this paper, the author "will examine some of the key moments in the evolution of human relationships with animals, tracking the emergence of these new relationships and the impact they havehad on our bodies, our minds and our culture," particularly the more recent hunting-gatherers of...

  12. The role of therapy dogs in speed and accuracy to complete motor skills tasks for preschool children

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Harris, S. L., Johnson, K. L.

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of a therapy dog would affect the performance of a set of gross motor skills tasks for a mixed group of language-impaired and typical pre-school children. The 14 children in the group were between four and six years old (four female...

  13. Veterinary education: a plea and plan for sociological study

    Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.

    This author notes "there are sur-prisingly few scholarly works by historians orsociologists on the development of the veteri-nary profession or the nature of veterinarypractice and training," and recommends that "sociological approaches could be applied fruitfully to study the veterinary...

  14. "I throw them out of here": the horse trade as phronetic action

    Contributor(s):: Schuurman, N.

    Practices involving horses have become increasingly popular in the spheres of sport and leisure throughout the Western world, and the trade in selling horses has expanded. The horse is characteristically understood as a commodity to be bought and sold several times during its lifetime. What is...

  15. Carnivorous cats, vegetarian dogs, and the resolution of the vegetarian's dilemma

    Contributor(s):: Rothgerber, H.

    The present research sought to further clarify the vegetarian's dilemma, the conflict that pits feeding one's pet an animal-based diet that may be perceived as best promoting their well-being with concerns over animal welfare and environmental degradation threatened by such diets. It specifically...

  16. Heart rate variability during a working memory task: does touching a dog or person affect the response?

    Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Friedmann, E., Stendahl, M., Fisk, A., Coglitore, V.

    The presence of a dog has been associated with reduced responses to stressors in several, but not all, previous studies. The presence of a dog has also been related to improved performance on some cognitive tasks. The current study was designed to evaluate the effect of touching a dog on stress...

  17. Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time

    Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.

    The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...

  18. Nonverbal communication and human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B.

    Human-dog interaction relies to a large extent on nonverbal communication, and it is therefore plausible that human sensitivity to nonverbal signals affects interactions between human and dog. Experience with dogs is also likely to influence human-dog interactions, and it has been suggested that...

  19. Sociality motivation and anthropomorphic thinking about pets

    Contributor(s):: Paul, E. S., Moore, A., McAinsh, P., Symonds, E., McCune, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    Sociality motivation, the need to feel socially connected with others, has been proposed as an important determinant of individual variation in anthropomorphic thinking. Specifically, it has been suggested that people who are socially isolated or disconnected will tend to infer more human-like...

  20. The effect of dolphin-assisted therapy on the cognitive and social development of children with Down syndrome

    Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

    Cognitive and speech development are delayed in children with Down syndrome (DS). We investigated the effect of dolphin-assisted therapy (DAT), a form of animal-assisted intervention, on the development of speech/language and social behavior in children with DS. We hypothesized that DAT would...