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  1. The relation between socio-economic status concerns and angry peer conflict resolution is moderated by pet provisions of support

    Contributor(s):: Bryant, B. K., Donnellan, M. B.

    Conflict resolution is a critical skill required in peer relations, and anger retaliation is a problematic strategy for resolving conflict. Conflict resolution with peers in relation to socio-economic status (SES) concerns among boys was investigated. Of particular interest in this study was a...

  2. The relationship between empathy, perception of pain and attitudes toward pets among Norwegian dog owners

    Contributor(s):: Ellingsen, K., Zanella, A. J., Bjerkas, E., Indrebo, A.

    Anthropomorphism, attachment level, and belief in animal mind, as well as owners' level of empathy and attitudes toward their pets, are some of the factors that affect human-animal interactions. Owners' ability to identify painful conditions in their pets may have important consequences for the...

  3. The training of pets as therapy dogs in a women's prison: a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Walsh, P. G., Mertin, P. G.

    A Pets as Therapy [PAT] program was initiated in a women's prison to train companion dogs for the elderly and individuals with disabilities. The effect on the trainers was studied using an established depression scale and a self-esteem inventory. Results showed significant group changes in...

  4. The value of a dog in a classroom of children with severe emotional disorders

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, K. L., Olson, M. R.

    The purpose of the present study was to determine how a dog's presence in a self-contained classroom of six children diagnosed with severe emotional disorders affected students' emotional stability and their learning. Across an eight-week period of time, the children were observed, the...

  5. The view from all fours: a look at an animal-assisted activity program from the animals' perspective

    Contributor(s):: Hatch, A.

    In recent decades, animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and animal-assisted activity (AAA) programs have gained in popularity. A growing literature documents the benefits of AAT/AAA for humans. The prevalent perspective for AAT/AAA research is "what can non-human animals do for us?" with no apparent...

  6. Therapeutic value of equine-human bonding in recovery from trauma

    Contributor(s):: Yorke, J., Adams, C., Coady, N.

    Although most human-animal bond research has focused on relationships between humans and pets, animals have been used for therapeutic purposes in a variety of settings. Therapeutic riding programs have demonstrated a positive impact on quality of life for people with disabilities....

  7. Tourist impact on Tibetan macaques

    Contributor(s):: Matheson, M. D., Sheeran, L. K., Li, JinHua, Wagner, R. S.

    Ecotourism is a growing sector of the tourism industry, but few studies to date have quantified its impacts on local people, tourists and wildlife. We present a preliminary study on threat and affiliative behaviors of two groups of free-ranging Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) as a function of...

  8. Training dogs and training humans: symbolic interaction and dog training

    Contributor(s):: Greenebaum, J. B.

    The way we train our dogs reflects our perceptions of human-nonhuman animal relationships. The methods and training skills used by dog trainers differ by philosophy on dog behavior and human responsibility. Yet, all trainers agree that training is a critical component in ending the cycle of...

  9. Understanding personality by understanding companion dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ley, J. M., Bennett, P. C.

    The study of personality is well established in human psychology, with trait theory being perhaps the most widely accepted of the personality theories. Animal personality research has utilized trait theory to identify personality factors in a wide variety of animal species. However, it has been...

  10. Understanding the human-cat relationship: human social support or attachment

    Contributor(s):: Stammbach, K. B., Turner, D. C.

    The goal of this study was to assess whether the widespread popularity of cats can best be explained using either attachment theory or social support theory. To assess the degree of attachment to the cat, and the size of the human social support network, we used five different questionnaires: In...

  11. Urban park visitors and their knowledge of animal species

    Contributor(s):: Randler, C., Hollwarth, A., Schaal, S.

    Informal or incidental learning in recreational parks has been rarely assessed, although most city-dwellers enjoy and appreciate wildlife in their day-to-day lives. Incidental or informal learning is non-intentional and grows out of spontaneous situations and is mostly self-directed. Here, we...

  12. Use of feral cats in psychotherapy

    Contributor(s):: Wells, E. S., Rosen, L. W., Walshaw, S.

    Animal-assisted therapy typically involves the use of domesticated, well controlled animals that are trained to permit approach behavior and interaction by patients. This report describes the use of undomesticated, feral cats as adjuncts to psychotherapy. This approach provides advantages not...

  13. Validation of a temperament test for domestic cats

    Contributor(s):: Siegford, J. M., Walshaw, S. O., Brunner, P., Zanella, A. J.

    Cats are popular companion animals, particularly in Europe and North America, and appear in correspondingly large numbers in animal shelters. Temperament tests are not widely used to assess cats before adoption from shelters. However, cats exhibit a wide range of temperaments as do the families...

  14. Vampires are still alive: Slovakian students' attitudes toward bats

    Contributor(s):: Prokop, P., Fancovicova, J., Kubiatko, M.

    Animals that pose a threat of disease are often in conflict with human appreciation of them, despite that they may be endangered in nature. This study examined undergraduate students' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and belief in myths about, bats, controversial animals well known both from...

  15. Visitor behavior in zoos: a review

    Contributor(s):: Davey, G.

    Visitors are integral components of zoological parks and their importance has led to a research area devoted to understanding the people-zoo relationship. This paper reviews, and provides a point of entry into, the literature relating to visitor research in zoos. The field emerged relatively...

  16. What's in a name? Uncovering the connotative meanings of animal names

    Contributor(s):: Baenninger, R., Dengelmaier, R., Navarrete, J., Sezov, D.

    Osgood's Semantic Differential technique was used with a sample of 12 animal names to see if they elicited responses that were distinctively characteristic, and therefore useful in uncovering connotative meaning. The 100 survey participants responded with unanimity to some species, whereas their...

  17. Where have all the monkeys gone? The changing nature of the Monkey Temple at Bristol Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Shapland, A.

    Built in 1928, the domed structure once called the Monkey Temple still stands in Bristol Zoo, UK, the architecture preserved by planning regulations, but the enclosure remodelled and rebranded as the Smarty Plants exhibit. Its transformation is used as an archaeological case study to illustrate...

  18. Why do even committed dog owners fail to comply with some responsible ownership practices?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Bennett, P. C., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G.

    Various dog management behaviors must be performed by owners to promote both the welfare of dogs and community health, safety, and amenity. While most Australian dog owners are compliant with practices known to characterize responsible dog ownership, even responsible owners sometimes fail to act...

  19. Young adults' attachment to pet dogs: findings from open-ended methods

    Contributor(s):: Kurdek, L. A.

    Turning to someone in times of emotional distress (safe haven) is one key feature of an attachment bond. Aspects of pet dogs as sources of safe haven were examined with open-ended methods for two samples of young adults who were college students (total n=566, mean age=19.24 years). Based on...

  20. Childhood pet keeping and humane attitudes in young adulthood

    Contributor(s):: Paul, E. S., Serpell, J. A.