Human, animal and environmental contributors to antibiotic resistance in low resource settings: integrating behavioural, epidemiological and One Health approaches
| Contributor(s):: Emily K Rousham, Leanne Unicomb, Mohammad Aminul Islam
Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is recognised as a One Health challenge because of the rapid emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria and genes among humans, animals and the environment on a global scale. However, there is a paucity of research assessing ABR contemporaneously in humans,...
Is the Colonisation of Staphylococcus aureus in Pets Associated with Their Close Contact with Owners?
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| Contributor(s):: Karolina Bierowiec, Katarzyna Płoneczka-Janeczko, Krzysztof Rypuła
In human beings and animals, staphylococci constitute part of the normal microbial population. Staphylococcus aureus could be classified as an opportunistic pathogen because the bacteria are noted in clinically healthy individuals, but when the immune system becomes compromised, they...
A One Health Evaluation of the University of Copenhagen Research Centre for Control of Antibiotic Resistance
| Contributor(s):: Anaïs Léger, Katharina D.C. Stärk, Jonathan Rushton, Liza R. Nielsen
We applied the evaluation framework developed by the EU COST Action “Network of Evaluation of One Health” (NEOH) to assess the operations, supporting infrastructures and outcomes of a research consortium “University of Copenhagen Research Centre for Control of Antibiotic...
Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis
| Contributor(s):: Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...
Evaluation of rhodamine B as a biomarker for raccoons
| Contributor(s):: Fry, T. L., Atwood, T., Dunbar, M. R.
Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"
| Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.
This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.
Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats
| Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.
Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...
The Social Contract, the Conservative Attitude, and Antibiotics Development
| Contributor(s):: Weber, Eli
Animal Welfare Reform and the Magic Bullet: The Use and Abuse of Subtherapeutic Doses of Antibiotics in Livestock
| Contributor(s):: Barbara O\'brien
Laws protecting animals from abuse are common at both the state and federal levels. This broad-based support for animal protection indicates a societal concern that animals be treated kindly. Yet however much Americans may love their companion cats and dogs, their concern for...
Animals in Healthcare Facilities: Recommendations to Minimize Potential Risks
| Contributor(s):: Murthy, Rekha, Bearman, Gonzalo, Brown, Sherrill, Bryant, Kristina, Chinn, Raymond, Hewlett, Angela, George, B. Glenn, Goldstein, Ellie J. C., Holzmann-Pazgal, Galit, Rupp, Mark E., Wiemken, Timothy, Weese, J. Scott, Weber, David J.
Cat and dog exposure and respiratory morbidities in cystic fibrosis
| Contributor(s):: Morrow, Christopher B., Raraigh, Karen S., Green, Deanna M., Blackman, Scott M., Cutting, Garry R., Collaco, Joseph M.
Contamination of Environmental Surfaces With Staphylococcus aureus in Households With Children Infected With Methicillin-Resistant S aureus
| Contributor(s):: Fritz, Stephanie A., Hogan, Patrick G., Singh, Lauren N., Thompson, Ryley M., Wallace, Meghan A., Whitney, Krista, Al-Zubeidi, Duha, Burnham, Carey-Ann D., Fraser, Victoria J.
Prevalence of zoonotic agents in dogs visiting hospitalized people in Ontario: implications for infection control
| Contributor(s):: Lefebvre, S. L., Waltner-Toews, D., Peregrine, A. S., Reid-Smith, R., Hodge, L., Arroyo, L. G., Weese, J. S.
Effects of growth-promoting technology on feedlot cattle behavior in the 21 days before slaughter
| Contributor(s):: Stackhouse-Lawson, K. R., Tucker, C. B., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S., Mitloehner, F. M.
There is growing interest in the animal welfare implications of growth-promoting technology used in feedlot cattle, namely hormonal implants, ionophores, antibiotics and β 2-adrenergic agonists. Previous studies have focused on the effects of implants on aggression, but little work has...
Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges
| Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.
High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...
Pasteurella species peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: household pets as a risk factor
| Contributor(s):: Poliquin, P. G., Lagace-Wiens, P., Verrelli, M., Allen, D. W., Embil, J. M.
BACKGROUND: Pasteurella species are Gram-negative coccobacilli that are a part of the normal oropharyngeal flora of numerous domestic animals. They have been recognized as a rare but significant cause of peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). A consensus about management...
With man's best friend
| Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...
Environmental contamination by dog’s faeces: a public health problem?
| Contributor(s):: Cinquepalmi, Vittoria, Monno, Rosa, Fumarola, Luciana, Ventrella, Gianpiero, Calia, Carla, Greco, Maria Fiorella, De Vito, Danila, Soleo, Leonardo
Life-threatening respiratory pasteurellosis associated with palliative pet care
| Contributor(s):: Myers, Emily M., Ward, Sarah L., Myers, Joseph P.
Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli recovered from pet dogs from volunteer households in Ontario (2005-06)
| Contributor(s):: Leonard, E. K., Pearl, D. L., Finley, R. L., Janecko, N., Reid-Smith, R. J., Peregrine, A. S., Weese, J. S.