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  1. Simply a nest? Effects of different enrichments on stereotypic and anxiety-related behaviour in mice

    Contributor(s):: Gross, Alexandra Nam-Mi, Engel, Anna Katarina Julia, Würbel, Hanno

    Improving the home cages of laboratory mice by environmental enrichment has been widely used to reduce cage stereotypies and anxiety-related behaviour in behavioural tests. However, enrichment studies differ substantially in type, complexity and variation of enrichments. Therefore, it is unclear...

  2. Environmental enrichment exerts anxiolytic effects in the Indian field mouse (Mus booduga)

    Contributor(s):: Ragu Varman, Durairaj, Marimuthu, Ganapathy, Emmanuvel Rajan, Koilmani

    Environmental enrichment (EE) is known to have behavioral and physiological anxiolytic effects in several animal models. However, it is as yet unclear how EE modulates behavior of wild animals and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The adult male field mouse Mus booduga (n=42) captured at...

  3. Does structural enrichment for toxicology studies improve zebrafish welfare?

    Contributor(s):: Wilkes, Luanne, Owen, Stewart F., Readman, Gareth D., Sloman, Katherine A., Wilson, Rod W.

    Enrichment of the environment for captive animals is aimed at producing beneficial effects on the behaviour and physiology of relevant species, and is commonly used to reduce harmful social behaviours and stereotypies. However, little work has been undertaken to develop enrichment strategies for...

  4. Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation

    Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus

    The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...

  5. The basic neuroscience of emotional experiences in mammals: The case of subcortical FEAR circuitry and implications for clinical anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Panksepp, Jaak, Fuchs, Thomas, Iacobucci, Paolo

    Evidence from behavioral neuroscience strongly suggests that the unconditional (innate) capacity to experience fear, along with fear-typical patterns of autonomic and behavioral arousal, arise from specific systems of the brain—the most prominent being a FEAR circuit which courses between the...

  6. Animal-Assisted Activity in Critically Ill Older Adults: A Randomized Pilot and Feasibility Trial

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Hamlin, S., Padhye, N. S.

    BACKGROUND: Limited evidence suggests the efficacy of animal-assisted activities (AAA) in improving biobehavioral stress responses in older patients in intensive care units (ICUs). OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of an AAA (dog) intervention for improving biobehavioral stress response,...

  7. Adult separation anxiety disorder: The human-animal bond

    Contributor(s):: Dowsett, E., Delfabbro, P., Chur-Hansen, A.

    BACKGROUND: The introduction of an adult onset Separation Anxiety Disorder in the DSM-V recognises that separation anxiety can occur at any stage across the lifespan. In this paper, we examine whether adult separation anxiety, which is known to occur when people are apart from other people close...

  8. Cyrus street dog providing emotional support in UK schools

    07 May 2020 | Posted by Adam Dunn

    August 2018 at Gatwick airport was the beginning of a very special journey for our first rescue dog from Cyprus. This image is the moment that we first met Angus at the airport on that very special...

  9. Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.

  10. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

  11. Dog-assisted therapy in the dental clinic: Part A-Hazards and assessment of potential risks to the health and safety of humans

    Contributor(s):: Gussgard, A. M., Weese, J. S., Hensten, A., Jokstad, A.

  12. The Effect of a Pet Therapy and Comparison Intervention on Anxiety in Hospitalized Children

    Contributor(s):: Hinic, K., Kowalski, M. O., Holtzman, K., Mobus, K.

  13. Examining the Effects of Rabbit-Assisted Interventions in the Classroom Environment

    Contributor(s):: Molnar, M., Ivancsik, R., DiBlasio, B., Nagy, I.

  14. Service animal as adjuvant treatment for restless leg syndrome

    Contributor(s):: Altschuler, E. L.

    2017Med Hypotheses1091990306-987710.1016/j.mehy.2017.10.017engDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Metropolitan Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

  15. Anxiety and impulsivity: Factors associated with premature graying in young dogs

    Contributor(s):: King, Camille, Smith, Thomas J., Grandin, Temple, Borchelt, Peter

    The present study examined the association of anxiety and impulsivity with premature muzzle grayness among young dogs. A sample of 400 dogs, ages 1–4 years was obtained at dog parks, shows, veterinary clinics, and other venues. Each dog was photographed and the degree of muzzle grayness was rated...

  16. Physiological stress coping and anxiety in greyhounds displaying inter-dog aggression

    Contributor(s):: Wormald, Dennis, Lawrence, Andrew J., Carter, Gabrielle, Fisher, Andrew D.

    Aggression is a relatively common behavioural problem in dogs that has both animal welfare and human safety considerations. Understanding the behavioural and physiological processes contributing to aggression is required for a better understanding of this issue. Previous studies have examined...

  17. The Effects of an Equine Assisted Learning Supervision Intervention on Counselors'-in-Training Performance Anxiety, Counseling Self-Efficacy, and Supervisory Working Alliance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cheryl C Meola

    Due to the complexity of the counseling process, counselors-in-training often experience performance anxiety when entering the counseling profession. Research shows that higher counseling self-efficacy (the belief in oneself to perform counseling skills successfully) helps decrease performance...

  18. Blue Rein Ranch

    Full-text: Available

    At Blue Rein Ranch, we offer a variety of services to help people heal from trauma and abuse, as well as cope with mental health concerns like anxiety, depression, ADHD, or grief.

  19. A bite out of anxiety: Evaluation of animal-assisted activity on anxiety in children attending a pediatric dental outpatient unit

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rangeeth Bollam Nammalwar, Priyaa Rangeeth

    Background: Anxiety control has been one of the key factors that shows that success of a pediatric dental practice. Animal- Aassisted therapy has shown to have many health benefits, which has brought the animal species closer to our homes with an establishment of a relationship. Aims...

  20. The sex ratio of a litter affects the behaviour of its female pigs until at least 16 weeks of age

    | Contributor(s):: Seyfang, Jemma, Plush, Kate J., Kirkwood, Roy N., Tilbrook, Alan J., Ralph, Cameron R.

    There are sex differences in behaviour with males tending to be more aggressive and less fearful than females. When females are treated with androgens they display more aggressive, male like, behaviours and this suggests that androgen exposure has a role in the development of aggression. Female...