'Animal Ethics Dilemma': an interactive learning tool for university and professional training
Contributor(s):: Hanlon, A. J., Algers, A., Dich, T., Hansen, T., Loor, H., Sandoe, P.
'Animal Ethics Dilemma' is a freely available computer-supported learning tool (www.animalethicsdilemma.net or www.aedilemma.net) which has been developed primarily for veterinary undergraduates but is applicable also to students in other fields of animal science. The objectives of the computer...
A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid
Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.
Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
Animal assisted therapy Part 1: Physical therapy and rehabilitation
Contributor(s):: Reynolds, A.
Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems
Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.
The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...
Animal welfare perspectives on recreational angling. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Cooke, S. J., Sneddon, L. U.
Fish captured by recreational anglers are often released either voluntarily or because of harvest regulations in a process called "catch-and-release". Catch-and-release angling is thought to be beneficial for the conservation of fish stocks based on the premise that most of the fish that are...
Aquaculture and restocking: implications for conservation and welfare. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Braithwaite, V. A., Salvanes, A. G. V.
As the harvesting of fish through commercial fisheries becomes both harder and less economically viable, the world is becoming increasingly dependent on aquaculture to provide fish for human consumption. The closely related activity of stock enhancement, whereby large numbers of fish are reared...
Are animals capable of deception or empathy? Implications for animal consciousness and animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Kuczaj, S., Tranel, K., Trone, M., Hill, H.
Assessment of different stunning methods and recovery of farmed Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ): isoeugenol, nitrogen and three levels of carbon dioxide
Contributor(s):: Erikson, U.
Isoeugenol (17 mg AQUI-STM L-1), nitrogen, and three levels of carbon dioxide (low: 70-80, medium: 180-250 and high: >400 mg CO2 L-1) were tested as stunning agents for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fasted for six days. All methods were tested under optimised conditions (starting with rested...
Behavior of a solitary sociable female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) off the coast of Kent, southeast England
Contributor(s):: Eisfeld, S. M., Simmonds, M. P., Stansfield, L. R.
This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly...
Behavioural responses of captive common dolphins Delphinus delphis to a 'Swim-with-Dolphin' programme
Contributor(s):: Kyngdon, D. J., Minot, E. O., Stafford, K. J.
We monitored the effects of a `Swim-with-Dolphin' (SWD) programme on the behaviour of three female common dolphins. They were studied from January 1999 to July 1999 at Marineland, Napier, New Zealand. Before, during and after SWD sessions we recorded: (1) the use of a refuge area, (2) the...
Can fish suffer?: perspectives on sentience, pain, fear and stress
Contributor(s):: Chandroo, K. P., Duncan, I. J. H., Moccia, R. D.
In contrast to other major forms of livestock agriculture, there is a paucity of scientific information on the welfare of fish raised under intensive aquacultural conditions. This reflects an adherence to the belief that these animals have not evolved the salient biological characteristics that...
Claw removal and feeding ability in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus : implications for fishery practice
Contributor(s):: Patterson, L., Dick, J. T. A., Elwood, R. W.
Feeding ability and motivation were assessed in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus, to investigate how the fishery practice of de-clawing may affect live crabs returned to the sea. Crabs were either induced to autotomise one claw, or were only handled, before they were offered food. Initially,...
Concluding studies on the failures of electrical lancing of whales
Contributor(s):: Barnes, G. R. G., Madie, P.
Consumer attitudes towards the development of animal-friendly husbandry systems
Contributor(s):: Frewer, L. J., Kole, A., Kroon, S. M. A. van de, Lauwere, C. de
Recent policy developments in the area of livestock husbandry have suggested that, from the perspective of optimizing animal welfare, new animal husbandry systems should be developed that provide opportunities for livestock animals to be raised in environments where they are permitted to engage...
Current issues in fish welfare
Contributor(s):: Huntingford, F. A., Adams, C., Braithwaite, V. A., Kadri, S., Pottinger, T. G., Sandoe, P., Turnbull, J. F.
This article presents a broad overview of the current understanding of a number of issues relating to the welfare of cultured and wild fish. Relationships between science, ethics and welfare; the perception of fear and pain; the costs and benefits of human interactions with fishes; natural...
Developing fish passage and protection at hydropower dams. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Schilt, C. R.
The development of waterways, for hydropower and other industrial uses, has substantially altered many of the freshwater habitats of the planet and this has had considerable impact upon aquatic organisms. Industrial changes in aquatic ecosystems, including hydropower development, can restrict or...
Effects of growth hormone transgenes on the behavior and welfare of aquacultured fishes: a review identifying research needs. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Hallerman, E. M., McLean, E., Fleming, I. A.
Expression of a growth hormone (GH) transgene can achieve dramatic impacts upon the performance of aquaculture stocks, for example, increasing the growth rate of coho salmon 11-fold. With the prospect of improved production efficiency, some aquaculturists want to produce transgenic fish...
Effects of habitat complexity on the aggressive behaviour of the American lobster ( Homarus americanus ) in captivity
Contributor(s):: Cenni, F., Parisi, G., Gherardi, F.
The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is one of the most economically valuable crustacean decapods worldwide, being mostly exploited to foster the live animal industry. Lobsters are typically held in storage facilities where individuals may suffer due to the repeated combats among each other....