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Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
May 20 2017
International Association for Aquatic Animal medicine 48th Annual Meeting & Conference
Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark "attacks": a proposal for reclassifying human-shark interactions.
Contributor(s):: Christopher Neff, Robert E. Hueter
There are few phrases in the Western world that evoke as much emotion or as powerful an image as the words “shark” and “attack.” However, not all “shark attacks” are created equal. Under current labels, listings of shark attack may even include instances where...
Is Dolphin-Watching Sustainable in Bocas del Toro, Panama
Contributor(s):: Ashley Sitar
Due to concerns of unsustainable dolphin watching tourism in Bocas del Toro, and the increase in dolphin mortality in Bocas due to dolphin watching boat collisions research was conducted in the summer of 2013, to evaluate the severity of the situation, and to assess the tourists and boat...
Public Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior towards Sharks and Shark Conservation
Contributor(s):: Jason O'Bryhim
Many species of shark are in danger of overexploitation and could possibly be facing extinction. Sharks have been around for over 400 million years but recent declines that threaten their existence can be traced back to the current consumptive uses brought on by humans. If...
Selling Conservation? The Role of Volunteer Tourism in Supporting Marine Conservation in Southern Belize
Contributor(s):: Kathleen Georgia Brander
Volunteer tourism is a rapidly expanding sector advertised as an alternative to conventional tourism and as a way for tourists to contribute to conservation science. This thesis examines a volunteer tourism organization in southern Belize called ReefCI and investigates how multiple stakeholders...
In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Bioaccumulation of mercury in Wilson's snipe from Alabama
Contributor(s):: Brooks, Lindsay J., Campbell, Joshua W., Murphy, Julie W.
Re-Homing Exotic Species - A Pilot Program to Prevent Release of Exotic Aquatic Pet Species
Contributor(s):: Andrew M. Lazur, Ruth Hanessian
An educational poster program designed to inform pet owners of the dangers of releasing exotic species and provide a re-homing mechanism was evaluated as a means to reduce unwanted environmental releases. The poster provided a URL to the program partners' Web site, which listed participating...
Activity budgets of captive Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) under a training regime
Contributor(s):: Wierucka, K., Siemianowska, S., Wozniak, M., Jasnosz, K., Kieliszczyk, M., Kozak, P., Sergiel, A.
Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of...
Des exploitations intensives d'huitres pendant l'Antiquite et le Moyen Age sur le littoral atlantique francais: l'exemple de Beauvoir-sur-Mer (Vendee)
Contributor(s):: Dupont, C., Rouzeau, N.
Along the European Atlantic facade, the consumption of flat oysters (Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758) has been known since the Mesolithic era (Gutierrez-Zugasti et al. 2011). This observation is also true for French coasts (Dupont 2006). Especially during Antiquity, the exploitation of this species...
Intensive exploitation of oysters during Antiquity and the Middle Ages on the French Atlantic coast: the example of Beauvoir-sur-Mer (Vendee)Des exploitations intensives d'huitres pendant l'Antiquite et le Moyen Age sur le littoral atlantique francai
Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)
Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...
Dietary fatty acid composition significantly influenced the proactive-reactive behaviour of Senegalese sole ( Solea senegalensis) post-larvae
Contributor(s):: Ibarra-Zatarain, Z., Morais, S., Bonacic, K., Campoverde, C., Duncan, N.
Few studies have examined the influence of diet on larval proactive-reactive behavioural dimension of stress coping style responses. The present study evaluated the influence of using different vegetables oils (Linseed; Soybean; Olive) and fish oil (Cod liver) for Artemia metanauplii nutritional...
A test of "nutritional wisdom" in perch ( Perca fluviatilis) by self-selection of encapsulated macronutrients
Contributor(s):: Brannas, E., Strand, A.
Developing optimal diets based on fish macronutrient requirements is an expensive and laborious task requiring years of research. However, many species of fish can compose a species-specific optimal diet from single source macronutrients in capsules through self-selection. Eurasian perch is a...
Isolation impairs cognition in a social fish
Contributor(s):: Brandao, M. L., Braithwaite, V. A., Goncalves-de-Freitas, E.
In variable environments, animals can learn to alter their behavior to adjust to changes. Sometimes, however, this learning ability can be impaired. For example, challenges in the social or physical environment can trigger physiological responses that compromise an individual's capacity to learn...
A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.
Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...
Opportunities for Public Aquariums to Increase the Sustainability of the Aquatic Animal Trade
Contributor(s):: Michael F. Tlusty, Andrew L. Rhyne, Les Kaufman, Michael Hutchins, Gordon McGregor Reid, Chris Andrews, Paul Boyle, Jay Hemdal, Frazer McGilvray, Scott Dowd
The global aquatic pet trade encompasses a wide diversity of freshwater and marine organisms. While relying on a continual supply of healthy, vibrant aquatic animals, few sustainability initiatives exist within this sector. Public aquariums overlap this industry by acquiring many of the same...
Cuttlefish in captivity: an investigation into housing and husbandry for improving welfare
Contributor(s):: Tonkins, B. M., Tyers, A. M., Cooke, G. M.
The European cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis) is often kept in public aquaria, is becoming more common in aquaculture, and is also the most frequently used cephalopod in European research. Since 1st January 2013, all cephalopods ( Mollusca) have been protected under UK/EU law (A(SP)A 1986,...