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  1. Encoding of Arousal and Physical Characteristics in Audible and Ultrasonic Vocalizations of Mongolian Gerbil Pups Testing Common Rules for Mammals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Silberstein, Yara, Felmy, Felix, Scheumann, Marina

    In mammals, common rules for the encoding of arousal and physical characteristics of the sender are suggested based on a similar vocal production apparatus. In this study, we want to investigate to what extent vocalizations of developing Mongolian gerbil pups fulfill these rules. We recorded...

  2. Human Ability to Determine Affective States in Domestic Horse Whinnies

    | Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, Crouchman, Elizabeth, Belliveau, Haley

    Horses use whinnies as a communication tool that potentially indicates positive or negative situations reflective of their felt experience. Being able to interpret the emotional state of horses allows humans to respond appropriately to mitigate a negative situation or repeat or enhance a positive...

  3. Influence of the Competition Context on Arousal in Agility Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Carpenter, Alison M., Guy, Jonathan H., Leach, Matthew C.

    To determine whether participation in dog agility has an impact on canine arousal and welfare, this study aimed firstly to identify the effect of the competition context on arousal changes experienced by dogs, as distinct from purely physical participation in agility, and secondly to assess the...

  4. Opioid control of behaviour in sheep: Effects of morphine and naloxone on food intake, activity and the affective state

    | Contributor(s):: Verbeek, Else, Ferguson, Drewe, Quinquet de Monjour, Patrick, Lee, Caroline

    The affective states of animals are important determinants of welfare, yet they are poorly understood. Here we investigate opioid involvement in the regulation of behaviours that may be indicative of the arousal and valence components of affective states in sheep. Ewes treated with sterile water...

  5. Effects of Olfactory and Auditory Enrichment on the Behaviour of Shelter Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amaya, V., Paterson, M. B. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Shelter environments are stressful for dogs, as they must cope with many stimuli over which they have little control. This can lead to behavioural changes, negatively affect their welfare and downgrade the human-animal bond, affecting re-homing success. Arousal is evident in their behaviour,...

  6. Observing Live Fish Improves Perceptions of Mood, Relaxation and Anxiety, But Does Not Consistently Alter Heart Rate or Heart Rate Variability

    | Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Reed, T., Whiting, A., Friedmann, E., Snellgrove, D., Sloman, K. A.

  7. Validity and reliability of cardiac measures during behavioural tests in pet dogs at home

    | Contributor(s):: Lensen, Rian C. M. M., Betremieux, Cécile, Bavegems, Valérie, Sys, Stanislas U., Moons, Christel P. H., Diederich, Claire

    Behavioural tests are often used to describe dogs’ responses to a variety of stimuli. However, the expressed behaviours do not always give an accurate indication of the dogs’ mental state. Cardiac measures can be recorded in parallel to the behavioural test to provide additional information about...

  8. The effect of animal-assisted therapy on children's stress during hospitalization [dissertation]

    | Contributor(s):: Tsai, Chia-Chun

  9. Increasing arousal enhances inhibitory control in calm but not excitable dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bray, Emily E., MacLean, Evan L., Hare, Brian A.

    The emotional-reactivity hypothesis proposes that problem-solving abilities can be constrained by temperament, within and across species. One way to test this hypothesis is with the predictions of the Yerkes-Dodson law. The law posits that arousal level, a component of temperament, affects...

  10. Animals may act as social buffers: Skin conductance arousal in children with autism spectrum disorder in a social context

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: O'Haire, Marguerite E., McKenzie, Samantha J., Beck, Alan M., Slaughter, Virginia

    Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience high rates of social stress and anxious arousal. Preliminary evidence suggests that companion animals can act as buffers against the adverse effects of social stress in adults. We measured continuous physiological arousal in children with...

  11. Response landscape graphs conceptualising the effects of arousal and affective state on training outcomes of operant conditioning in animal training.

    | Contributor(s):: Melissa J. Starling, Nicholas Branson, Denis Cody, Paul D. McGreevy

    The files show a series of interactive three-dimensional conceptual graphs as exemplars to describing putative influences of both affective state and arousal on the likelihood of dogs and horses performing commonly desired behaviours. The files correspond to the figures in the manuscript that...

  12. Conceptualising the Impact of Arousal and Affective State on Training Outcomes of Operant Conditioning

    | Contributor(s):: Melissa J. Starling, Nicholas Branson, Denis Cody, Paul D. McGreevy

    Animal training relies heavily on an understanding of species-specific behaviour as it integrates with operant conditioning principles. Following on from recent studies showing that affective states and arousal levels may correlate with behavioural outcomes, we explore the contribution of both...

  13. Cognitive bias, personality and arousal in the domestic dog

    | Contributor(s):: Melissa Jane Starling

    The domestic dog has lived alongside humankind for many thousands of years, and in that time has undergone extensive selective breeding that has altered both morphology and behaviour. Our close relationship with dogs may to some extent be characterised by inter-specific communication, but this...

  14. A seizure response dog: video recording of reacting behaviour during repetitive prolonged seizures

    | Contributor(s):: Di Vito, L., Naldi, I., Mostacci, B., Licchetta, L., Bisulli, F., Tinuper, P.

  15. Cardiovascular responses to a pet snake

    | Contributor(s):: Alonso, Y.

  16. The effects of the presence of a companion animal on physiological arousal and behavioral distress in children during a physical examination

    | Contributor(s):: Nagengast, S. L., Baun, M. M., Megel, M., Leibowitz, J. M.

  17. The Effects of a Therapy Animal on College Student Stress and Arousal

    | Contributor(s):: Michelle Bjick, Katharine Hill (adviser)

    Colleges are facing increasing levels of distressed students and need a wide variety of tools to assist them. One such modality is animal-assisted interaction; an integrative practice with minimal side effects. This study attempted to demonstrate that spending time with animals will decrease a...

  18. [Diabetic alert dogs: A good nose for hypoglycemia]

    | Contributor(s):: Hugler, S.

  19. Effect of service dogs on salivary cortisol secretion in autistic children

    | Contributor(s):: Viau, R., Arsenault-Lapierre, G., Fecteau, S., Champagne, N., Walker, C. D., Lupien, S.

  20. Does direct human eye contact function as a warning cue for domestic sheep (Ovis aries)?

    | Contributor(s):: Beausoleil, N. J., Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.