Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy
Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.
This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...
Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures
Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.
For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...
Effect of Birth Weight and Human Socialization on Reproductive Performance of Adult A.I. Boars.
Contributor(s):: Nikhol Elizabeth Dysart
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of birth weight and socialization prior to puberty on reproductive performance of A.I. boars. Twenty boars were randomly allocated to a factorial arrangement of treatments including birth weight (BW: High or Low) and socialization to...
Human-animal interaction, stress, and embryo production in Bos indicus embryo donors under tropical conditions
Contributor(s):: Macedo, G. G., Zuccari Neto, C. E. S., Abreu, U. G. P. de, Negrao, J. A., Costa e Silva, E. V. da
This study investigated the effect of human-animal interaction (HAI) and the stress response on the quality of embryo production in superovulated Nelore (Bos indicus) cattle, under tropical conditions. Thirty-two females underwent a superovulation protocol for 5 days. Cortisol concentrations were...
Does in proestrus-estrus hasten estrus onset in does estrous synchronized during breeding season
Contributor(s):: Romano, J. E.
During the breeding season, 68 Nubian goats were synchronized for oestrus with intravaginal sponges impregnated with fluorgestone acetate (FGA, Chronogest, 30 mg; n=36) or medroxyprogesterone acetate (MAP, Sincrocel, 60 mg; n=32). The experiment was performed in two replicates. In each replicate,...
Effect of different rearing systems and pre-kindling handling on behaviour and performance of rabbit does
Contributor(s):: Mugnai, C., Bosco, A. dal, Castellini, C.
The aim of this study was to ascertain how collective cage and pre-kindling handling (training does to go into their own nest) practices, in comparison to standard housing (single cage rearing), modify the behaviour and the performance of rabbit does. To this aim, 40 nulliparous New Zealand White...
Previous handling and gentle interactions affect behaviour and heart rate of dairy cows during a veterinary procedure
Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Menke, C., Korff, J., Bucher, A.
Veterinary and management procedures often are aversive to the animals, resulting in physiological and behavioural stress reactions, which increase the risk of accidents and might lower performance. We investigated the effects of previous positive handling and of gentle interactions during the...
An ethicist's commentary on the case of a veterinarian with a client who has illicitly imported boar semen
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
An ethicist's commentary on the case of collecting semen from a crippled bull
Social dominance of female dairy goats and response to oestrous synchronisation and superovulatory treatments
Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Gonzalez-Pensado, S., Dago, A. L., Vilarino, M., Menchaca, A.
Two experiments were performed to determine if there is a relation between the goat's hierarchical position, and (1) the conception rate and litter size obtained with hormonal oestrous synchronisation treatments and fixed timed artificial insemination, and (2) the number of corpus luteum (CL) and...
Behavioral responses of bulls kept under artificial breeding conditions to compounds presented for olfaction, taste or with topical nasal application
Contributor(s):: Presicce, G. A., Brockett, C. C., Cheng, T., Foote, R. H., Rivard, G. F., Klemm, W. R.
The object of this study was to test practical ways of influencing behaviour of bulls used for artificial insemination. Dairy bulls that were sexually active with regular semen collections were compared with sexually inactive bulls housed elsewhere, after being sampled in artificial breeding as...
Genotype rather than non-genetic behavioural transmission determines the temperament of Merino lambs
Contributor(s):: Bickell, S., Poindron, P., Nowak, R., Chadwick, A., Ferguson, D., Blache, D.
Merino ewes have been selected, over 18 generations, for calm (C) or nervous (N) temperament using an arena test and an isolation box test. We investigated the relative contributions of genotype versus the post-partum behaviour of the dam on the temperament of the lambs using a cross-fostering...