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  1. Evaluating the Reliability of Non-Specialist Observers in the Behavioural Assessment of Semi-Captive Asian Elephant Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jonathan L. Webb, Jennie A. H. Crawley, Martin W. Seltmann, Océane Liehrmann, Nicola Hemmings, U Kyaw Nyein, Htoo Htoo Aung, Win Htut, Virpi Lummaa, Mirkka Lahdenperä

    Recognising stress is an important component in maintaining the welfare of captive animal populations, and behavioural observation provides a rapid and non-invasive method to do this. Despite substantial testing in zoo elephants, there has been relatively little interest in the application of...

  2. Measuring Equine-Assisted Therapy: Validation and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of an ICF-Based Standardized Assessment-Tool

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stolz, I., Anneken, V., Froböse, I.

    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization (WHO) was established as an international framework for monitoring rehabilitation outcomes and the impacts of health interventions since, as the term “functioning” implies,...

  3. Animal welfare measured at mink farms in Europe

    | Contributor(s):: Henriksen, Britt I. F., Møller, Steen H., Malmkvist, Jens

    Although the welfare of farm mink has been debated for decades, the status at mink farms has not previously been reported. Likewise, little is known about the variation in housing conditions and animal responses between mink farms, although relevant for identifying key opportunities and...

  4. Introducing a Controlled Outdoor Environment Impacts Positively in Cat Welfare and Owner Concerns: The Use of a New Feline Welfare Assessment Tool

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luciana Santos de Assis, Daniel Simon Mills

    There is much debate over the pros and cons of allowing cats to roam freely as opposed to keeping them confined indoors. We surveyed owners who implemented a commercial physical containment system to the outdoors to evaluate their characteristics and the apparent impact of this systemon cat...

  5. Scientific Assessment of the Welfare of Trapped Mammals—Key Considerations for the Use of the Sharp and Saunders Humaneness Assessment Model

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Baker, Sandra E., Sharp, Trudy

    Scientific assessment of the impacts of trapping on mammal welfare is necessary to inform cost-benefit analyses of using traps in wildlife management, improve trap performance and trapping processes and develop international trap standards. The Sharp and Saunders humaneness assessment model was...

  6. Early Recognition of Behaviour Problems in Shelter Dogs by Monitoring them in their Kennels after Admission to a Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Liam Clay, Mandy Paterson, Pauleen Bennett, Gaille Perry, Clive Phillips

    Canine behaviour assessments are commonly used in shelters to identify behaviour problems in dogs prior to adoption. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether kennel monitoring of dogs could identify early signs of behaviour problems, thereby facilitating early intervention and better...

  7. Behavior and body temperature alterations in piglets anesthetized for castration during a four-hour recovery phase

    | Contributor(s):: Schmid, Simone M., Steinhoff-Wagner, Julia

  8. Animal-Assisted Interventions for the Improvement of Mental Health Outcomes in Higher Education Students: A Systematic Review of Randomised Controlled Trials

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parbery-Clark, C., Lubamba, M., Tanner, L., McColl, E.

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of Animal-Assisted Interventions (AAIs), particularly Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) and Animal-Assisted Activity (AAA), in improving mental health outcomes for students in higher education. The number of students in...

  9. Exploring the Relationship between Socio-Demographic Background and Empathy toward Nonhuman Animals in Working Horse Caretakers

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, Daniela, Vásquez, Rodrigo A., Tadich, Tamara

  10. Dairy goat welfare in semi-intensive production systems and drought conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Larrondo, C., Leiva, J., de la Cruz-Cruz, L.

  11. Effectiveness of equine-assisted therapies for improving health outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Suárez-Iglesias, D., Bidaurrazaga-Letona, I., Sanchez-Lastra, M. A., Gil, S. M., Ayán, C.

  12. Companion Animals as Buffer against the Impact of Stress on Affect: An Experience Sampling Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Janssens, M., Janssens, E., Eshuis, J., Lataster, J., Simons, M., Reijnders, J., Jacobs, N.

    Companion animals have been identified as a unique source of social support and as contributors to mental wellbeing. This study uses the Experience Sampling Method to test whether this effect is due to stress-buffering. A total of 159 dog and cat owners responded to a series of randomly...

  13. Development and Validation of an Instrument to Assess Horseback Mobility in Hippotherapy

    | Contributor(s):: Prieto, A. V., Ayupe, K. M. A., Abreu, A. C. A., Filho, Pjbg

  14. Scientific and Ethical Issues in Exporting Welfare Findings to Different Animal Subpopulations: The Case of Semi-Captive Elephants Involved in Animal-Visitor Interactions (AVI) in South Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara de Mori, Elena Stagni, Linda Ferrante, Gregory Vogt, Keith A. Ramsay, Simona Normando

    Elephants are charismatic, cognitively highly-developed animals, whose management conditions can vary along a “wild–captive continuum.” Several protocols have been proposed for the assessment of zoo elephants’ welfare. It is important to investigate the possible...

  15. A critical review o f animal-based welfare indicators for polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in zoos: Identification and evidence of validity

    | Contributor(s):: Skovlund, C. R., Kirchner, M. K., Moos, L. W., Alsted, N., Manteca, X., Tallo-Parra, O., Stelvig, M., Forkman, B.

  16. Application of a welfare assessment tool (Shelter Quality Protocol) in 64 Italian long-term dogs' shelters: welfare hazard analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Arena, L., Berteselli, G. V., Lombardo, F., Candeloro, L., Dalla Villa, P., De Massis, F.

  17. The recognition of canine pain behaviours, and potentially hazardous Catch-Neuter-Return practices by animal care professionals

    | Contributor(s):: Bacon, H. J., Walters, H., Vancia, V., Waran, N.

  18. Farm manager involvement in an equine on-farm welfare assessment: opportunities for education and improvement

    | Contributor(s):: DuBois, C., DeVries, T. J., Haley, D. B., Lawlis, P., Merkies, K.

  19. Changes in the welfare of mink (Neovison vison) with date of assessment in the winter and growth periods have limited effects on the overall WelFur categorisation

    | Contributor(s):: Marsboll, A. F., Henriksen, B. I. F., Hansen, B. K., Moller, S. H.

  20. The representativeness of a semi-random sampling method for animal welfare assessments on mink farms

    | Contributor(s):: Marsboll, A. F., Henriksen, B. I. F., Moller, S. H.