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  1. Biomedical Scent Detection Dogs: Would They Pass as a Health Technology?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mirkka Koivusalo, Catherine Reeve

    Biomedical scent detection dogs identify the scent profiles of diseases, such as cancer, diabetes or pathogenic micro-organisms.  What the field of biomedical scent detection has been lacking, however, is the assessment of the method from the point of view of a health technology. All...

  2. Comparative Personality Traits Assessment of Three Species of Communally Housed Captive Penguins

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giovanni Quintavalle Pastorino, Richard Preziosi, Massimo Faustini, Giulio Curone, Mariangela Albertini, Dawn Nicoll, Lorna Moffat, Romain Pizzi, Silvia Mazzola

    Understanding animal personalities has notable implications in the ecology and evolution of animal behavior, but personality studies can also be useful in optimizing animal management, with the aim of improving health and well-being, and optimizing reproductive success, a fundamental factor in...

  3. Emotional States of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) Kept for Animal-Visitor Interactions, as Perceived by People Differing in Age and Knowledge of the Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pollastri, I., Normando, S., Contiero, B., Vogt, G., Gelli, D., Sergi, V., Stagni, E., Hensman, S., Mercugliano, E., de Mori, B.

    This study aimed to investigate how three groups of people of differing ages, and with differing knowledge of the species, perceived the emotional state of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) managed in captive and semi-captive environments. Fifteen video-clips of 18 elephants, observed...

  4. Can Individuals with Down Syndrome Benefit from Hippotherapy? An Exploratory Study on Gait and Balance

    | Contributor(s):: Portaro, S., Cacciola, A., Naro, A., Cavallaro, F., Gemelli, G., Aliberti, B., De Luca, R., Calabrò, R. S., Milardi, D.

  5. Dogs on Campus Holistic Assessment of Therapy Dogs and Handlers for Research and Community Initiatives

    | Contributor(s):: Binfet, J. T., Struik, K.

  6. The Welfare of Cows in Indian Shelters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Uttara Kennedy, Catherine Schuetze, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Cow shelters (gaushalas) are unique traditional institutions in India, where aged, infertile, diseased, rescued, and abandoned cows are sheltered for the rest of their life, until they die of natural causes. These institutions owe their existence to the reverence for the cow as a holy mother...

  7. The Power of a Positive Human-Animal Relationship for Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Waiblinger, S., Boivin, X., Hemsworth, P.

  8. The State of Assessment in Human-Animal Interaction Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerri E. Rodriguez, NoÈmie A. GuÈrin, Robin L. Gabriels, James A. Serpell, Pamela J. Schreiner, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    There is a growing body of research in human-animal interaction (HAI), but the field is often criticized for its lack of methodological rigor and heterogeneous outcome assessment. In addition, there is a scarcity of valid and reliable assessment tools specific to measuring constructs directly...

  9. The Need for a Convergence of Agricultural/Laboratory and Zoo-based Approaches to Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Hosey, Geoff

    Advances in animal welfare science have led to a high number of studies published for farm, laboratory and zoo animals, with a huge breadth of innovative topic areas and methodologies. This paper investigates the different approaches used to undertake welfare research in farm, laboratory and zoo...

  10. A Systematic Literature Review of Animal-Assisted Interventions in Oncology (Part I): Methods and Results

    | Contributor(s):: Holder, T. R. N., Gruen, M. E., Roberts, D. L., Somers, T., Bozkurt, A.

  11. To live with a wagging tailed assistant – service and hearing dog ownership from the perspective of swedish owners

    | Contributor(s):: Lundqvist, Martina, Levin, Lars‐Åke, Alwin, Jenny, Nedlund, Ann‐Charlotte

  12. The Pet-Effect in Daily Life: An Experience Sampling Study on Emotional Wellbeing in Pet Owners

    | Contributor(s):: Janssens, Mayke, Eshuis, Jannes, Peeters, Sanne, Lataster, Johan, Reijnders, Jennifer, Enders-Slegers, Marie-Jose, Jacobs, Nele

    The relationship between companion animal ownership and wellbeing has received an increasing amount of scientific attention over the last few decades. Although the general assumption is that individuals benefit from the presence of companion animals (termed the “pet-effect”), recent evidence...

  13. An Animal Welfare Risk Assessment Process for Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sally L. Sherwen, Lauren M. Hemsworth, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Amanda Embury, David J. Mellor

    There is a growing interest and need for zoos to develop and implement welfare assessment tools that are practical to use and provide meaningful results that can inform management decisions. This paper presents a process that was developed to support this type of evidence-based management in...

  14. Lameness in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Cow and Shelter Attributes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Clive J. C. Phillips

    The sheltering of old, unproductive and abandoned cows in traditional cow shelters, known as gaushalas, has been practiced in India since ancient times. Cows are kept in these shelters until they die of natural causes. The welfare of the cows in these shelters was assessed through a...

  15. The Welfare of Bears in Zoos: A Case Study of Poland

    | Contributor(s):: Maślak, Robert, Sergiel, Agnieszka, Bowles, David, Paśko, Łukasz

    The welfare of captive bears became a big issue of concern in Poland when a case of a bear being ill-treated became a high-profile case in the media. This case created a challenge to verify, study, and understand the main problems associated with bear keeping so that zoos could significantly...

  16. Equine Welfare Assessment: Exploration of British Stakeholder Attitudes Using Focus-Group Discussions

    | Contributor(s):: Horseman, Susan V., Hockenhull, Jo, Buller, Henry, Mullan, Siobhan, Barr, Alistair R. S., Whay, Helen R.

    The equine industry in Great Britain has not been subject to the same pressures as the farming industry to engage with welfare assessment, but this may change as concern about equine welfare increases. Stakeholder attitudes toward welfare assessment may impact the implementation of welfare...

  17. Assessment of Welfare Issues During Traditional Slaughter of Goats in Pretoria, South Africa

    | Contributor(s):: Qekwana, Daniel N., McCrindle, Cheryl M. E., Oguttu, James W., Grace, Delia, Cenci-Goga, Beniamino T.

    Goats are traditionally slaughtered to celebrate marriages and births, venerate ancestors, address personal problems, or perform a ritual during funerals. The objective of this study was to assess nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with the traditional slaughter of goats in and around...

  18. An Assessment of Welfare Conditions in Wildlife Markets across Morocco

    | Contributor(s):: Bergin, Daniel, Nijman, Vincent

    The welfare of wild-caught animals in markets has generally been overlooked by both wildlife trade and welfare studies, despite the potential negative impacts on the animals. Morocco is a member of the World Organisation for Animal Health and has proposed draft legislation prohibiting...

  19. Application of the Hands-On Donkey Tool for Assessing the Welfare of Working Equids at Tuliman, Mexico

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Galindo, F., Aluja, A. de, Cagigas, R., Huerta, L. A., Tadich, T. A.

    Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the...

  20. Validating the use of a carbon dioxide laser for assessing nociceptive thresholds in adult domestic cats (Felis catus)

    | Contributor(s):: Farnworth, Mark J., Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Adams, Nigel J., Barrett, Lorelle A., Stevenson, Mark, Thomas, David G., Waterland, Mark R., Waran, Natalie K., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Thermal sensitivity in cats has historically been assessed using complex devices which require direct application to the patient and can therefore, in themselves, affect the measurement. This study aimed to validate the use of a remote low power (165mW) carbon dioxide laser device for the...