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  1. The sex of the offspring affects the lamb and ewe responses to abrupt weaning

    Contributor(s):: Freitas-de-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R.

    Female lambs have a stronger attachment with their mothers and show a greater susceptibility to stressors than male lambs. Male lambs grow faster than female lambs do, achieving a greater nutritional independence from their mothers. Our hypothesis was that female lambs and their mothers are more...

  2. Maternal nutrition and antioxidant supplementation: Effects on mother–young behaviors in a Patagonian sheep extensive grazing system

    Contributor(s):: Sales, Francisco, Parraguez, Victor H., Freitas-de-Melo, Aline, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo

    Undernourishment is a frequent condition in sheep pregnancies under extensive systems, since most of the pregnancies occur when the prairie has the lowest forage allowance. Underfed sheep pregnancies are associated with maternal-fetal oxidative stress, low birth weight and deteriorated ewe–lamb...

  3. Adult separation anxiety disorder: The human-animal bond

    Contributor(s):: Dowsett, Elisha, Delfabbro, Paul, Chur-Hansen, Anna

  4. Keeping Lily Safe: An Autoethnographic Exploration of Human–Animal Attachment during Adversity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Lee

    This article is an autoethnographic examination of my experiences as a pet owner during a particularly challenging time in my life. Beginning with a summary of a critical incident, it shows the way in which fears for the safety of my pet cat, Lily, and my relationship with her impacted my...

  5. The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Wells

    Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both...

  6. The Relationship Between Pet Attachment, Life Satisfaction, and Perceived Stress: Results from a South African Online Survey

    | Contributor(s):: Roux, Marieanna C. le, Wright, Simonne

    Pets are an important part of many pet owners’ lives, yet very little is known about this complex relationship within a South African context. Most of the research on pet attachment and pet ownership stems from developed countries such as the USA. The present study used an online survey to...

  7. Effects of Human–Dog Interactions on Salivary Oxytocin Concentrations and Heart Rate Variability: A Four-Condition Cross-Over Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Lauren, Edwards, Kate M., Michael, Scott, McGreevy, Paul, Bauman, Adrian, Guastella, Adam J., Drayton, Bradley, Stamatakis, Emmanuel

    Dog ownership is often advocated for its potential benefits to human health, with changes to oxytocin and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity proposed as possible underlying mechanisms. The aims of the current study were to a) examine the effect of two common types of human–dog interactions...

  8. Pet Attachment in the Context of Family Conflict

    | Contributor(s):: Applebaum, Jennifer W., Zsembik, Barbara A.

    Previous research shows that companion animals can have a positive effect on their owner’s health and may also serve as a buffer to stress. Despite this, few studies have investigated the role of the pet in adverse or tumultuous family circumstances. In this study, we explored whether reported...

  9. The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, Deborah L.

    Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both the...

  10. Psychological Mechanisms Predicting Wellbeing in Pet Owners: Rogers’ Core Conditions versus Bowlby’s Attachment

    | Contributor(s):: Teo, Jillian Terese, Thomas, Susan J.

    While pet ownership may confer physical and psychological health benefits, existing research presents inconsistent findings, and the psychological mechanisms through which health benefits might be conferred are unknown. Exploring human–pet relationships from the perspectives of Bowlby’s...

  11. Do Men Underreport and Mask Their Emotional Attachment to Animal Companions? The Influence of Precarious Masculinity on Men’s Bonds with Their Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Blazina, Chris, Kogan, Lori

    Males’ underreporting of psychological issues, physical symptoms, and personal information is commonplace both in medical and psychological settings in North America. One explanation for this occurrence is men that endorse traditional forms of masculine gender roles underreport or mask their...

  12. “You Can’t Really Hug a Tiger”: Zookeepers and Their Bonds with Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Birke, Lynda, Hosey, Geoff, Melfi, Vicky

    Zookeepers often report strong attachment (bonds) with animals in their care. This paper reports a qualitative study of how keepers perceived these animals; the aim was to explore keepers’ experiences of bonding and how these related to the work done in zoos. Respondents were drawn from a large...

  13. The Association of Pet Ownership and Attachment with Perceived Stress among Chinese Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Wu, Cynthia Sau Ting, Wong, Rosa Sze Man, Chu, Wing Hin

    Pet ownership is associated with both positive and negative emotions. Given that not everyone responds to pet care in a stressful way, perceptions of companion animals may play a role in how owners respond to them. In this study, we explored the relationship between pet ownership and perceived...

  14. Children Love Their Pets: Do Relationships between Children and Pets Co-vary with Taxonomic Order, Gender, and Age?

    | Contributor(s):: Hirschenhauser, Katharina, Meichel, Yasmine, Schmalzer, Sabrina, Beetz, Andrea M.

    Generally, children love their pets. However, a deeper insight into the beneficial effects of pets on the physical, psychological, and social wellbeing and development of children is needed. This study investigated whether children have more intense relationships with animals which are...

  15. A Survey of Companion-Animal Owners Affected by the East Japan Great Earthquake in Iwate and Fukushima Prefectures, Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Yamazaki, Sakiko

    The unprecedented East Japan Great Earthquake in March 2011 impacted many humans as well as animals. To date, only national surveys that do not necessarily focus on the heavily impacted areas have been administered, and there is a lack of data on the situation for companion animals and their...

  16. Children with Avoidant or Disorganized Attachment Relate Differently to a Dog and to Humans During a Socially Stressful Situation

    | Contributor(s):: Wedl, Manuela, Kotrschal, Kurt, Julius, Henri, Beetz, Andrea

    Human attachment representations are shaped in interaction with the primary caregiver and are generally transferred to further bonding/ social partners later in life. According to previous evidence, primary attachment representations acquired with humans do not seem to be transferred to companion...

  17. Intraspecific attachment in adult domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Preliminary results

    | Contributor(s):: Mariti, Chiara, Carlone, Beatrice, Ricci, Eva, Sighieri, Claudio, Gazzano, Angelo

    Canis familiaris is a highly social species. Among the social relationships between two individuals, a particular case is represented by attachment bonds. The aim of the current study was to assess whether the bond between adult cohabitant dogs may be regarded as attachment. Twenty-two couples of...

  18. Teenage dogs? Evidence for adolescent-phase conflict behaviour and an association between attachment to humans and pubertal timing in the domestic dog

    | Contributor(s):: Asher, L., England, G. C. W., Sommerville, R., Harvey, N. D.

    The relationship between parent and child changes around adolescence, with children believed to have: (i) an earlier puberty if they have less secure attachments to their carer; (ii) a phase of increased conflict behaviour toward their carer; and (iii) heightened conflict behaviour when carer...

  19. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    | Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  20. Drawing parallels in human-other interactions: a trans-disciplinary approach to developing human-robot interaction methodologies

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, E. C.