You are here: Home / Tags / Attention / All Categories

Tags: Attention

All Categories (1-20 of 66)

  1. Testing for the “Blues”: Using the Modified Emotional Stroop Task to Assess the Emotional Response of Gorillas

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vonk, Jennifer, McGuire, Molly, Leete, Jessica

    We adapted the emotional Stroop task developed for primates to test whether gorillas would show response slowing for images of ‘negative’ compared to images of ‘positive’ items placed within previously reinforced borders. Three zoo-housed male gorillas participated in six...

  2. Assessing the potential impact of zoo visitors on the welfare and cognitive performance of Japanese macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Huskisson, Sarah M., Doelling, Christina R., Ross, Stephen R., Hopper, Lydia M.

  3. Preference for heights of feeding troughs in mares: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Luz, M. P. F., Maia, C. M., Arruda, L. A. S., Delagracia, M. F., Filho, Jnpp

  4. Developing and validating attention bias tools for assessing trait and state affect in animals: A worked example with Macaca mulatta

    | Contributor(s):: Howarth, Emmeline R. I., Kemp, Caralyn, Thatcher, Harriet R., Szott, Isabelle D., Farningham, David, Witham, Claire L., Holmes, Amanda, Semple, Stuart, Bethell, Emily J.

    Attention bias is a new approach to assessing animal affect that has shown promising results in several animal species. It describes a tendency to preferentially attend to emotional compared to neutral cues and is influenced by underlying affect. It is important in the early days of this new...

  5. Examining the impact of a brief human-canine interaction on stress and attention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jonathan B. Banks, Caitlin McCoy, Courtney Trzcinski

    The interaction between humans and canines has been linked to a variety of benefits including reductions in ADHD symptoms in children, depression symptoms in nursing home patients, and PTSD symptoms in veterans returning from war. Although the inclusion of therapy dogs on college campuses has...

  6. Horses associate individual human voices with the valence of past interactions: a behavioural and electrophysiological study

    | Contributor(s):: d'Ingeo, S., Quaranta, A., Siniscalchi, M., Stomp, M., Coste, C., Bagnard, C., Hausberger, M., Cousillas, H.

  7. Dogs (Canis familiaris) recognise our faces in photographs: implications for existing and future research

    | Contributor(s):: Eatherington, C. J., Mongillo, P., Looke, M., Marinelli, L.

  8. Performance of sheep in a spatial maze is impeded by negative stimuli

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, Rebecca E., Freire, Rafael, Cowling, Ann, Knott, Stephanie A., Lee, Caroline

    Exposure to negative stimuli or stress can manifest in general changes in cognitive processing. This study aimed to investigate if a spatial maze task could be used to identify stress-induced differences in the cognitive performance of sheep. Two negative stimuli were used to test the hypothesis....

  9. Human–animal interface: The effects of handler's stress on the performance of canines in an explosive detection task

    | Contributor(s):: Zubedat, Salman, Aga-Mizrachi, Shlomit, Cymerblit-Sabba, Adi, Shwartz, Jonathan, Leon, Joseph Fiko, Rozen, Shlomo, Varkovitzky, Itay, Eshed, Yuval, Grinstein, Dan, Avital, Avi

    The handler–dog interaction is significantly important for the canine performance. The handler error may mislead the dog into false identification, and the probability to commit such an error is altered often by the handlers’ stressful state. In the current study we have focused on stress...

  10. Attention, noise, and implications for wildlife conservation and management

    | Contributor(s):: Chan, Alvin Aaden Yim-Hol, Blumstein, Daniel T.

    Anthropogenic stimuli are often viewed as disturbances that directly interfere with signal processing or communication, or directly harm animals. However, such sounds may also distract individuals and thus potentially interfere with their ability to make biologically important decisions about...

  11. Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology

    | Contributor(s):: Monfort Montolio, M., Sancho-Pelluz, J.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...

  12. Can attention be taught? Interspecific attention by dogs (Canis familiaris) performing obedience tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Mongillo, Paolo, Pitteri, Elisa, Candaten, Matteo, Marinelli, Lieta

    In the context of dog training it would be of utmost importance to understand the mechanisms that control how attention to humans is allocated by dogs, and how this can be modified by training. This study aimed at characterising the patterns of attention paid to their handler by dogs with...

  13. Visual attention and cognitive performance in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: McBride, Sebastian D., Morton, A. Jennifer

    Cognitive probes are increasingly being used as an inferred measure of the emotional (and thus welfare) status of the animal. This reflects the bidirectional and interactive nature of emotional and cognitive systems. To date, cognitive paradigms have focused on how the emotional system biases...

  14. Effects of animal-assisted therapy on concentration and attention span in patients with acquired brain injury: A randomized controlled trial

    | Contributor(s):: Gocheva, V., Hund-Georgiadis, M., Hediger, K.

  15. Do dogs exhibit jealous behaviors when their owner attends to their companion dog?

    | Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Nicotra, V., Fusar Poli, S., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P.

  16. Cross-species referential signalling events in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Worsley, H. K., O'Hara, S. J.

  17. Similarity between an unfamiliar human and the owner affects dogs' preference for human partner when responding to an unsolvable problem

    | Contributor(s):: Kiss, O., Kovacs, K., Szantho, F., Topal, J.

  18. The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber

    From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...

  19. Sustained attention to the owner is enhanced in dogs trained for animal assisted interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Marinelli, L.

  20. [The effectiveness of therapeutic horseback-riding in the treatment of chronic schizophrenic patients. Experimental results and clinical experiences]

    | Contributor(s):: Scheidhacker, M., Bender, W., Vaitl, P.