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  1. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Contributor(s):: Cole, Justine, Fraser, David

    Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...

  2. Residents’ Management of, and Attitudes Towards, the Dog Population on Two Mariana Islands

    Contributor(s):: Schafer, Nicole P., Farnworth, Mark

    This study reports the level of care dogs received from their caretakers and the attitudes of caretakers and non-caretakers toward dogs on the islands of Guam and Saipan. Surveys were collected from residents of Guam and Saipan (274 and 275, respectively) and analyzed using chi-squared tests....

  3. Farmer and Public Attitudes Toward Lamb Finishing Systems

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, Grahame, Jongman, Ellen, Greenfield, L., Hemsworth, Paul

    To develop research and policy on the welfare of lambs in intensive finishing systems, it is important to understand public and sheep farmers' attitudes. The aim of this research was to identify and compare farmer and community attitudes relevant to the intensification of lamb finishing. The...

  4. Equine Welfare Assessment: Exploration of British Stakeholder Attitudes Using Focus-Group Discussions

    Contributor(s):: Horseman, Susan V., Hockenhull, Jo, Buller, Henry, Mullan, Siobhan, Barr, Alistair R. S., Whay, Helen R.

    The equine industry in Great Britain has not been subject to the same pressures as the farming industry to engage with welfare assessment, but this may change as concern about equine welfare increases. Stakeholder attitudes toward welfare assessment may impact the implementation of welfare...

  5. Development of a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge Scale: Implications for Welfare and Preventing Dogfighting

    Contributor(s):: Iliopoulou, Maria A., Rosenbaum, Rene P., Carleton, Carla L.

    The objective of this study was to develop a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge (CCWK) Scale for use in educational intervention development and evaluation and validate the instrument. The study population was 504 children, aged 11 to 19 years old, from Detroit, MI. In this cross-sectional study,...

  6. Human-Directed Empathy and Attitudes Toward Animal Use: A Survey of Spanish Veterinary Students

    Contributor(s):: Menor-Campos, David J., Knight, Sarah, Sánchez-Muñoz, Carolina, López-Rodríguez, Rocío

    Veterinary practitioners are thought of as guardians of animal health and wellbeing, and are considered important in the development of policies on animals. Measuring veterinary students’ attitudes toward animals and animal use is needed when assessing the effectiveness of education programs...

  7. Attitudes Toward Animals Among Spanish Primary School Children

    Contributor(s):: Menor-Campos, David José, Hawkins, Roxanne, Williams, Joanne M.

    Adult attitudes toward animals have received extensive research attention. By contrast, despite the importance of child–animal interactions for children’s development and animal welfare, children’s attitudes toward animals have not been fully explored. The aim of this study was, therefore, to...

  8. Attitudes toward Animals of Students at Three European Veterinary Medicine Schools in Italy and Spain

    Contributor(s):: Menor-Campos, David J., Diverio, Silvana, Sánchez-Muñoz, Carolina, López-Rodríguez, Rocío, Gazzano, Angelo, Palandri, Lorenzo, Mariti, Chiara

    The European Veterinary Code of Conduct recognizes the crucial role of veterinarians in improving animal welfare and maintaining its standards. However, several studies have claimed that veterinary students’ attitudes toward animals may worsen as they progress through their academic training....

  9. Testing the Roles of Intergroup Anxiety and Inclusion of Animals in the Self as Mechanisms that Underpin the “Pets as Ambassadors” Effect

    Contributor(s):: Auger, Béatrice, Amiot, Catherine E.

    It has been suggested that pets provide the opportunity for humans to develop more positive attitudes and relationships toward a wider range of animal types—including toward non-pet animals—this is called the “pets as ambassadors” hypothesis. In this study, we build both on research conducted on...

  10. Animal Welfare Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Stockpersons in Kenya

    Contributor(s):: Wambui, Joseph, Lamuka, Peter, Karuri, Edward, Matofari, Joseph

    The stockpersons handling the transportation of animals between farms and slaughterhouses are rarely assessed for their animal welfare knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). Thus, this investigation presents a unique opportunity to study these interactions. Herein, a cross-sectional survey...

  11. How Ethical Ideologies Relate to Public Attitudes toward Animals: The Dutch Case

    Contributor(s):: Su, Bingtao, Martens, Pim

    Ethical ideologies, which include dimensions of idealism and relativism, are often involved in the process of decision-making regarding operational and economic research. However, the study of the role of ethical ideologies concerning public attitudes toward animals has been largely neglected....

  12. Visitor Perceptions of Captive, Endangered Barbary Macaques (Macaca sylvanus) Used as Photo Props in Jemaa El Fna Square, Marrakech, Morocco

    Contributor(s):: Stazaker, Kristina, Mackinnon, Jay

    Visitors to Jemaa El Fna Square can pay to have their photograph taken with Barbary macaques. Our aim was to characterize visitors’ perceptions of such photo props, enabling demand-reducing interventions to be targeted appropriately and destination managers to maintain or enhance the visitor...

  13. Slovenian Students’ Knowledge and Opinions about Wild Boar (Sus Scrofa L.)

    Contributor(s):: Siard, Nataša, Jordan, Dušanka

    Wild boar are present almost throughout Slovenia, causing similar problems as in many other countries, mainly damage to agriculture. Dealing with these problems also involves children. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of age, gender, and farm residence on knowledge, attitudes, and...

  14. Roaming Companion Cats as Potential Causes of Conflict and Controversy: A Representative Questionnaire Study of the Danish Public

    Contributor(s):: Sandøe, Peter, Nørspang, Annika Patursson, Kondrup, Sara Vincentzen, Bjørnvad, Charlotte Reinhard, Forkman, Björn, Lund, Thomas Bøker

    Cats have grown in popularity as companion animals, but there are also people who strongly dislike them. Companion cats allowed to roam freely outdoors are seen by some as a nuisance. This paper, drawing on research conducted in Denmark, aims to quantify potentially conflicting attitudes to cats...

  15. “Animals Like Us”: Identifying with Nonhuman Animals and Support for Nonhuman Animal Rights

    Contributor(s):: Plante, Courtney N., Reysen, Stephen, Roberts, Sharon E., Gerbasi, Kathleen

    While anthropomorphizing nonhuman animals has been shown to increase identification with them and, by extension, concern for their wellbeing, little research has directly tested whether identifying with nonhuman animals is similarly associated with concern for their wellbeing. We tested...

  16. Knowledge and Perceptions of, and Attitudes to, Bats by People Living around Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Malindi-Kenya

    Contributor(s):: Musila, Simon, Prokop, Pavol, Gichuki, Nathan

    Bat populations continue to decline worldwide because of myriad human activities. To enhance bat conservation, human behavior needs to change. Such change can occur, in part, through an understanding of what motivates human actions toward bats. We used a Bat Attitude Questionnaire (BAQ) to...

  17. Religiosity and Support for Killing Animals: Evidence of a Curvilinear Relationship

    Contributor(s):: Lifshin, Uri, Greenberg, Jeff, Sullivan, Daniel

    Prior research shows that the correlation between religiosity and support for animal rights can be positive, negative, or zero. We hypothesized that this relationship may actually be curvilinear, where a moderate degree of religiosity may reduce support for killing animals (compared with...

  18. Attitudes and Motivations of Owners Who Enroll Pets in Pet Life-Care Centers

    Contributor(s):: Davis, William E., Hicks, Joshua A., Foster, Christine L., Holub, Meredith K., Krecek, Rosina C., Richburg, Audra W.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics, motivations, and expectations of humans who enroll their dogs, cats, and other pets into pet life-care centers. Pet life-care centers are groups or institutions that provide a permanent home for pets in the event of the owner’s...

  19. Evaluating the Influence of the Presence of a Dog on Bias toward Individuals with Overweight and Obesity

    Contributor(s):: Crossman, Molly K., Kazdin, Alan E., Galbraith, Katharine, Eros, Luca, Santos, Laurie R.

    Individuals with overweight and obesity are subject to enormous bias and discrimination across domains. This bias constitutes a considerable public health problem beyond the effects of excess weight on health. Unfortunately, the few interventions that have been implemented to reduce this bias...

  20. Opinions of UK Rescue Shelter and Rehoming Center Workers on the Problems Facing Their Industry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stavisky, Jenny, Brennan, Marnie L., Downes, Martin J., Dean, Rachel S.

    Animal shelters exist worldwide to care for and rehome unwanted or straying pets. Previous studies have examined why owners breed unwanted animals, or relinquish their pets to shelters. However, the views of shelter workers, who receive and care for these animals, have previously been largely...