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  1. Adolescents’ Experience and Knowledge of, and Attitudes toward, Bees: Implications and Recommendations for Conservation

    Contributor(s):: Silva, Alexandra, Minor, Emily S.

    Invertebrates are generally regarded with apathy, distaste, and fear in Western society. These negative sentiments likely contribute to the disparity in wildlife conservation efforts, which largely favor vertebrate organisms. Bees represent one of the most ecologically and economically important...

  2. Role of 4-H Dog Programs in Life Skills Development

    Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, Lindsay Madden, Keen, Heidi A., Mills, Paulette E., Newman, Jerry, Martin, François, Coffey, Todd, Newberry, Ruth C.

    Stress management, resilience, learning-to-learn, self-esteem, and empathy are life skills that play a pivotal role in the psychosocial development of youth who are prepared to manage everyday challenges, and are caring toward people and animals. We hypothesized that 4-H dog club membership is...

  3. Attitudes of Dutch Citizens toward Sow Husbandry with Regard to Animals, Humans, and the Environment

    Contributor(s):: Bergstra, Tamara, Hogeveen, Henk, Kuiper, W. Erno, Lansink, Alfons G. J. M. Oude, Stassen, Elsbeth N.

    The pig industry is struggling with negative attitudes of people toward sow husbandry. To be able to respond to these attitudes, the pig industry first has to understand people’s attitudes. The first objective of this study was to determine the attitudes of Dutch people toward sow husbandry with...

  4. Children’s Attitudes toward Cats on St. Kitts, West Indies

    Contributor(s):: Artemiou, Elpida, Conan, Anne, Knobel, Darryn L., Thompson, Randel, Spackman, Claire, Kelly, Patrick J.

    Little is known of the attitudes of Caribbean people toward freeroaming and pet cats, so we conducted a questionnaire survey of primaryschool children aged 5 to 13 years (n = 417, 206 girls and 209 boys, while two questionnaires did not indicate gender) in 23 schools around St. Kitts. Over 50%...

  5. Factors affecting the Human Attribution of Emotions toward Animals

    Contributor(s):: Wilkins, Abbie M., McCrae, Lucy S., McBride, E. Anne

    Attribution of emotions to animals can affect human–animal interactions and dictate animal welfare laws. However, little is known about the factors that influence these attributions. We investigated the effect of belief in animal mind, pet ownership, emotional intelligence, eating orientation,...

  6. Public Knowledge of, and Attitudes to, Frogs in Colombia

    Contributor(s):: Jimenez, Juliana Nates, Lindemann-Matthies, Petra

    People's response to the decline of biodiversity and their support for conservation measures depends on their knowledge of biodiversity and their attitudes to local species. This study is one of the first to investigate public knowledge of, and attitudes to, frogs in South America. We chose two...

  7. Brief Measures of the Animal Attitude Scale

    Contributor(s):: Herzog, Harold, Grayson, Stephanie, McCord, David

    There is increasing interest among social and behavioral scientists in brief measures of attitudes and personality traits. Based on factor analysis and using an existing data set (n = 400 adults), we constructed a 5- and a 10-item version of the widely used animal attitude Scale (AAS). Both...

  8. Public Attitudes in India and Australia toward Elephants in Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Gurusamy, Vivek, Tribe, Andrew, Toukhsati, Samia, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    We surveyed the attitudes of people toward captive elephants in australia, where importation into zoos has been controversial recently, compared with India, where elephants are indigenous. Both australian (AR, n = 101) and Indian (IR, n = 101) respondents rated conservation as the most important...

  9. Attitudes toward Animals among Kindergarten Children: Species Preferences

    Contributor(s):: Borgi, Marta, Cirulli, Francesca

    Attitudes toward animals are influenced by both animal traits (e.g., similarity to humans, aesthetic quality, size) and individual human attributes (e.g., gender, age, educational level, cultural factors). Although the examination of children's interest in animals, and their preference for...

  10. The role of cultural norms in shaping attitudes towards amphibians in Cape Town, South Africa

    Contributor(s):: Brom, P., Anderson, P., Channing, A., Underhill, L. G.

    Urban ecosystems are increasingly viewed as an important component within strategies for wildlife conservation but are shaped as much by natural systems as they are by social and political processes. At the garden scale, attitudes and preferences govern design and maintenance choices including...

  11. A qualitative study of zoonotic risk factors among rural communities in southern China

    Contributor(s):: Li, H. Y., Zhu, G. J., Zhang, Y. Z., Zhang, L. B., Hagan, E. A., Martinez, S., Chmura, A. A., Francisco, L., Tai, H., Miller, M., Daszak, P.

  12. Variability and Change in Maasai Views of Wildlife and the Implications for Conservation

    Contributor(s):: Western, David, Manzolillo Nightingale, D. L., Mose, Victor Nyaliki, Johnson, Ole Sipitiek, Kimiti, Kennedy S.

  13. Review of principles governing dog health education in remote Aboriginal communities

    Contributor(s):: Willis, E. M., Ross, K. E.

  14. Parental Perceptions of the Nature of the Relationship Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Share with Their Canine Companion

    Contributor(s):: Harwood, C., Kaczmarek, E., Drake, D.

  15. Early diagnosis and intervention for autism spectrum disorder in Africa: insights from a case study

    Contributor(s):: Wannenburg, N., van Niekerk, R.

  16. Is there a relationship between attitudes of shelter staff to cats and the cats’ approach behaviour?

    Contributor(s):: Arhant, Christine, Troxler, Josef

    One aspect of welfare that is measured in protocols used for the assessment of farm animal welfare is the human-animal relationship. The aim of the present study was to develop a ‘human approach test’ to measure the human-animal relationship in shelter cats and to investigate aspects of...

  17. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human—An on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, Dorit, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Nordmann, Eva, Graml, Christine, Waiblinger, Susanne

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  18. The Influence of Perceptions, Attitudes, and Experiences on the Perceived Risks and Benefits of Free-Roaming Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dara Wald, Susan K. Jacobson

    Individual perceptions of free-roaming cats can vary from “voracious predators of small birds and mammals” to “cherished and beloved companion animals.” This paper focused on the influence of situational variables (e.g., experiences with outdoor cats), cognitive...

  19. Speciesism, generalized prejudice, and perceptions of prejudiced others: GPIR GPIR

    | Contributor(s):: Everett, Jim A. C., Caviola, Lucius, Savulescu, Julian, Faber, Nadira S.

  20. The moral standing of animals: Towards a psychology of speciesism

    | Contributor(s):: Caviola, Lucius, Everett, Jim A. C., Faber, Nadira S.