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  1. Convergence of culture, ecology, and ethics: management of feral swamp buffalo in Northern Australia

    Contributor(s):: Albrecht, G., McMahon, C. R., Bowman, D. M. J. S., Bradshaw, C. J. A.

    This paper examines the identity of Asian swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) from different value orientations. Buffalo were introduced into Northern (Top End) Australia in the early nineteenth century. A team of transdisciplinary researchers, including an ethicist, has been engaged in field...

  2. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...

  3. Farmer's response to societal concerns about farm animal welfare: the case of mulesing

    Contributor(s):: Wells, A. E. D., Sneddon, J., Lee, J. A., Blache, D.

    The study explored the motivations behind Australian wool producers' intentions regarding mulesing; a surgical procedure that will be voluntarily phased out after 2010, following retailer boycotts led by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. Telephone interviews were conducted with 22 West...

  4. Issues associated with research on sheep parasite control in New Zealand - a descriptive ethic

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    In common with much of the English-speaking world, New Zealanders generally oppose the use of animal experimentation where there is no demonstrable and immediate benefit for human, animal, or environmental health. Intrusive experiments on sheep internal and external parasites published between...

  5. Measuring biotechnology employees' ethical attitudes towards a controversial transgenic cattle project: the Ethical Valence Matrix

    Contributor(s):: Small, B. H., Fisher, M. W.

    What is the relationship between biotechnology employees' beliefs about the moral outcomes of a controversial transgenic research project and their attitudes of acceptance towards the project? To answer this question, employees (n=466) of a New Zealand company, AgResearch Ltd., were surveyed...

  6. Minimizing harm in agricultural animal experiments in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C., Weaver, S. A.

    Intrusive agricultural experiments published in New Zealand in the last five years (from 1996-2002) are reviewed in terms of the degree of animal suffering involved, and the necessity for this suffering in relation to research findings. When measured against animal welfare criteria of the...

  7. Minimizing harm in possum control operations and experiments in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C., Weaver, S. A.

    Pest control operations and experimentation on sentient animals such as the brushtail possum can cause unnecessary and avoidable suffering in the animal subjects. Minimizing animal suffering is an animal welfare goal and can be used as a guide in the design and execution of animal experimentation...

  8. New Zealand farmer narratives of the benefits of reduced human intervention during lambing in extensive farming systems

    Contributor(s):: Fisher, M.

    Easy-care or natural lambing pertains to those sheep able to successfully lamb and rear at least one lamb without human assistance in a difficult environment. Such sheep may have a higher survival rate, lower lamb mortality, and require less shepherding at lambing than other sheep breeds or...

  9. Science, pigs, and politics: a New Zealand perspective on the phase-out of sow stalls

    Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A., Morris, M. C.

    In 2001, the Australian Journal of Agricultural Research published a review article on the science associated with the use of the sow stall, and claimed that "no scientific evidence to support the recommendation in the Code of Practice advising against housing of sows in stalls followed by...

  10. The case for regulating intragenic GMOs

    Contributor(s):: Russell, A. W., Sparrow, R.

    This paper discusses the ethical and regulatory issues raised by "intragenics" - organisms that have been genetically modified using gene technologies, but that do not contain DNA from another species. Considering the rapid development of knowledge about gene regulation and genomics, we...

  11. The ethics and politics of animal welfare in New Zealand: broiler chicken production as a case study

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on...

  12. The ethics and politics of the caged layer hen debate in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    Changes in attitudes toward animal welfare, with a greater emphasis on the importance of allowing animals to express normal patterns of behavior has led to an examination of the practice of keeping hens in battery cages. There is widespread scientific consensus that the conditions of confinement...

  13. Towards understanding the impacts of the pet food industry on world fish and seafood supplies

    Contributor(s):: Silva, S. S. de, Turchini, G. M.

    The status of wild capture fisheries has induced many fisheries and conservation scientists to express concerns about the concept of using forage fish after reduction to fishmeal and fish oil, as feed for farmed animals, particularly in aquaculture. However, a very large quantity of forage fish...

  14. Does dog or cat ownership lead to increased gastroenteritis in young children in South Australia?

    Contributor(s):: Heyworth, J. S., Cutt, H., Glonek, G.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dog and cat ownership and gastroenteritis in young children. A diary study of 965 children aged 4-6 years living in rural or semi-rural South Australia was undertaken. Data were collected on pet ownership, drinking water and other...

  15. A survey of dog ownership in suburban Australia - conditions and behaviour problems

    Contributor(s):: Kobelt, A. J., Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Coleman, G. J.

    There has been an increasing emphasis in Australia on confining dogs to owner's properties (household backyards) as a solution to problems of dog aggression. Therefore, there is a need to determine the social and physical conditions that make up the dog's backyard environment and how these...

  16. Animal welfare issues associated with extensive livestock production: the northern Australian beef cattle industry

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C.

    The animal welfare issues faced by the northern Australian beef cattle industry are similar to those faced by extensive livestock production industries in other countries. However, northern Australia is characterised by climatic extremes and large areas/distances and these factors, together with...

  17. Behavioural responses of captive common dolphins Delphinus delphis to a 'Swim-with-Dolphin' programme

    Contributor(s):: Kyngdon, D. J., Minot, E. O., Stafford, K. J.

    We monitored the effects of a `Swim-with-Dolphin' (SWD) programme on the behaviour of three female common dolphins. They were studied from January 1999 to July 1999 at Marineland, Napier, New Zealand. Before, during and after SWD sessions we recorded: (1) the use of a refuge area, (2) the...

  18. Describing the ideal Australian companion dog

    Contributor(s):: King, T., Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.

    Dogs have had a long association with humans and are believed to be the first domesticated animal species. Many breeds of dog exist today which vary considerably in physical appearance and temperament. These differences have arisen primarily from selective pressures imposed by humans to create...

  19. Effect of different rearing systems and pre-kindling handling on behaviour and performance of rabbit does

    Contributor(s):: Mugnai, C., Bosco, A. dal, Castellini, C.

    The aim of this study was to ascertain how collective cage and pre-kindling handling (training does to go into their own nest) practices, in comparison to standard housing (single cage rearing), modify the behaviour and the performance of rabbit does. To this aim, 40 nulliparous New Zealand White...

  20. Effects of an oral dose of acetyl salicylate at tail docking on the behaviour of lambs aged three to six weeks

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Roos, V., Littlejohn, R. P.

    To investigate a practical method of providing analgesia for docking of lambs' tails, the effectiveness of an oral dose of aspirin (acetyl salicylate) in reducing discomfort behaviour immediately following application of elastrator rings, was evaluated. The study, conducted in New Zealand,...